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SS kundaligi Polshada tonna fashistlar oltinining joylashishini aniqlay oladi

SS kundaligi Polshada tonna fashistlar oltinining joylashishini aniqlay oladi


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Ikkinchi jahon urushi paytida, SS ofitseri tomonidan yozilgan kundalik, bir milliard dollardan ziyod fashistlarning oltin xazinasini topishga olib kelishi mumkin. Hujjatda, 1945 yilda Sovetlar ilgarilab ketganda, fashistlar Polshadagi Sileziyada tonna oltinni qayerda saqlaganliklari ko'rsatilgan. Bundan tashqari, fashistlarning oltinlari va talon -taroj qilingan xazinalarini topish mumkin bo'lgan boshqa joylar ham bo'lishi mumkin.

Xazina tafsilotlari yozilgan kundalik, O'rta asrlar davriga to'g'ri keladigan, Quedlinburg nomi bilan mashhur nemis mason lojasi qo'lida edi. Uning ko'plab a'zolari fashistlar bilan aloqada bo'lgan eski aristokrat oilalarning bolalari va nabiralari, aslida uning sobiq a'zolaridan biri kontslagerlarni loyihalashda yordam bergan SS generali Xans Kammer edi. Lodge kundalikni o'tgan a'zolarining jinoyatlarini oqlash uchun Silez ko'prigi deb nomlanuvchi Polsha tashkilotiga berdi. Birinchi yangiliklar Polsha jamg'armasi rahbari Roman Furmaniakning so'zlariga ko'ra, ular hujjatlarni "natsizm yukidan ozod bo'lishlari uchun" topshirgan.

Kundalik Quyi Sileziya va Opole bo'ylab oltin, diniy artefaktlar va bank depozitlari, shuningdek Germaniya, Polsha, Frantsiya, Belgiya va Rossiyadagi san'at buyumlari joylashgan 11 joy haqida ma'lumot beradi. ( Olski Pomost Quedlinburg )

Kundalik SS operatsiyalarini ochib beradi

Bu kundalik taxallus ostida yozilgan, lekin uni SS ofitseri Egon Ollenhauer yozgan deb ishoniladi. U Lodjaning a'zosi edi va ular hujjatni shu tarzda qo'lga kiritishdi.

Yozuvlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, u Polshaning G'arbiy G'arbiy Sileziyasida bo'lganida, SS ofitseri Breslaudagi Reyxsbankdan, hozirgi Vrotslavdan oltin va boy nemis aristokratlaridan qimmatbaho buyumlarni yig'ib, ularni Qizil Armiyadan yashirganlikda ayblangan. 1945 yilda ko'plab fashistlar bosib olingan Evropada talon -taroj qilingan qimmatbaho buyumlarni, shuningdek, "nemis o'lim lagerlarida gazlangan millionlab odamlarning jag'laridan yig'ilgan tishlarning iflos oltinlarini" yashirishardi.

  • Topilgan brosh natsistlar o'zlarining qorong'u mafkurasini tarqatish uchun qadimgi skandinaviya runlarini suiiste'mol qilgani haqida hikoya qiladi.
  • Oltin poezdda Charlottenburg saroyining yo'qolgan amber xonasi bo'lishi mumkin
  • Sharlottenburg saroyining yo'qolgan kehribar xonasi borligiga ishonilgan fashistlarning oltin poezdini olish ishlari boshlandi.

Kundalikda SS odami Gimmler tomonidan ittifoqchi bombardimonlardan va Sovet qo'shinlarining hujumidan xavf ostida bo'lgan nemis san'at asarlarini kataloglash va yashirishni buyurgan doktor Gyunter Grundmann bilan qanday hamkorlik qilgani batafsil tasvirlangan. SS ofitseri Grundman bilan fashistlar xazinasini yashirish uchun qanday ishlaganligi haqida batafsil ma'lumot berdi. O'rta asrlardan beri Sileziyada yirik yer egalari bo'lgan aristokratik Xoxberglar oilasiga tegishli bo'lgan XVI asr saroyida yashiringan. Saroy Chexiya bilan chegaradan unchalik uzoq bo'lmagan Roztoka shahri yaqinida joylashgan.

Xoxberg saroyi Roztoka, Polsha ( TemAonline)

Quduqdagi jasadlarning dahshatli hikoyasi

Kundalikda ular qanday qilib xazinani saroy hovlisidagi chuqur quduqqa yashirishgani tasvirlangan. U, ehtimol, Qizil Armiya tomonidan o'qqa tutilgan yuk mashinalarida yetkazilgan. The Daily Mail xabariga ko'ra, ofitser "Quyida sandiqlarga: zargarlik buyumlari, tangalar va quymalar qo'yilgan" deb yozgan.

Oltin va boshqa qimmatbaho buyumlarni sovetlardan yashirish uchun quduq portlash natijasida muhrlangan. Ollenhauer yozadi: "Biz hamma narsani tugatgandan so'ng, quduq portlatildi, to'ldirildi va yopildi". Ba'zi ma'lumotlarga ko'ra, fashistlarning oltinlari bilan bir qatorda "quduq milini yo'q qilish bo'yicha operatsiyani eshitgan yoki kuzatgan va SS tomonidan o'ldirilgan bir necha guvohlarning jasadlari" bor.

Ko'rinishidan, nemislar shoshib ketishgan va urush betartibligida xazina unutilgan. Lodge hujjatni faqat voqealarga aloqador bo'lganlar vafot etganida e'lon qilgan. Umuman olganda, yashiringan 28 tonna fashist oltinlari bugungi kunda 1,5 milliard dollargacha qimmatga tushadi.

Quduqdagi fashistlarning oltinlari

Kundalik va Lodge sovg'a qilgan boshqa hujjatlarga, shu jumladan xaritaga asoslanib, janob Furmaniak 1945 yilda nemislar muhrlangan quduq qaerda joylashganini biladi, deb hisoblaydi. Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, " Men Quedlinburgerlardan [masonlardan] olgan ko'rsatmalarga ko'ra, men quduqni saroy hovlisida topganman. Uning ta'kidlashicha, kundalik bir nechta nemis mutaxassislari tomonidan tasdiqlangan.

Sileziya ko'prigi jamg'armasi, kundalikni (chap va o'ngda) Germaniyadagi masonlik turar joyidan, urush tugaganidan keyin o'nlab yillar davomida olganini da'vo qilmoqda. ( WhatsNews2Day)

Furmaniak Polsha rasmiylarini fashistlarning oltinlari va boshqa qimmatbaho buyumlari haqida ogohlantirgan. Biroq, ular kundalik yoki uning da'volarining haqiqiyligini tasdiqlashmagan. Birinchi yangiliklar "Madaniyat va milliy meros vazirligi Axborot markazidan Magdalena Tomashevskaning qo'riqlangan sharhi, vazirlik kundalikning haqiqiyligini hali tasdiqlay olmasligini aytdi", deb yozadi. Polsha hukumati loyihani moliyalashtirishni istamayapti va Xoxberg saroyidagi taxmin qilingan xazinaga unchalik qiziqish bildirmagan.

  • Pragada fashistlar boshlig'i Himmlerning jodugarlar kutubxonasidagi kitoblar zaxirasi topildi
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  • Natsist va sovet shifokorlari tomonidan buzilgan 1000 yillik jangchining shaxsi

Yana 11 xazina ochildi?

Daily Mail gazetasining yozishicha, janob Furmaniak "hukumatni tergov qilish uchun bosim o'tkazishga urinish uchun topilmalar bilan oshkor qilmoqda". Biroq, Xoxberg saroyining hozirgi egalari, uni faqat 2017 yilda sotib olganlar, ajoyib voqeaga ishonishadi. Ular deyarli vayron bo'lgan binoni qayta tiklamoqdalar va xazina ovchilaridan uzoqlashish uchun ular atrofida devorlar qurdilar.

Janob Furmaniakning fikricha, "Xoxberg saroyidagi xazina Polshaning janubi, Chexiya va Germaniyaning sharqiy qismlarida yashiringan 11 tadan biridir", deb yozadi The Daily Mail. Jumladan, Rubens kabi ustalarning Fransiyadagi yahudiy kolleksionerlaridan o'g'irlangan rasmlari to'plami.

Natsistlar oltinining vakili. ( Pixabay)

Ko'pgina saytlarda SS tomonidan irqchilik nazariyalarini isbotlash uchun to'plangan butun dunyo diniy san'atining bebaho asarlari saqlanadi deb ishoniladi. Sileziya ko'prigi boshlig'i ham, Lodge ham xazinalarni asl egalarining merosxo'rlari bilan birlashtirishga qat'iy qaror qilgan.


Natsistlar kundaligi Ikkinchi Jahon Urushi xazinasining Polshadagi saroy ostidagi yashirin joyini ochib beradi

O'nlab yillar davomida maxfiy jamiyatga tegishli bo'lgan kundalik Ikkinchi jahon urushining oxiri 30 tonnadan (28 metrik tonna) ortiq bo'lgan joyni ko'rsatuvchi xaritani o'z ichiga olishi mumkin oltin Bu fashistlar tomonidan yashiringan.

75 yil oldin Waffen Schutzstaffel (SS) ofitseri tomonidan "Mixailis" taxallusi bilan yozilgan ushbu jurnalda fashistlar qo'mondoni Geynrix Himmlerning o'g'irlangan Evropa boyliklari, artefaktlari va bebaho san'at asarlarini yashirish rejalari tasvirlangan. Birinchi yangiliklar (TFN).

Kundalikda natsistlar talon -taroj qilingan oltin, qimmatbaho toshlar, bebaho rasmlar va diniy buyumlarni yashirgan 11 ta joy ko'rsatilgan. Polsha janubi-g'arbiyidagi Roztoka qishlog'ida, XVI asrda joylashgan Xoxberg saroyi ostida, 200 metr (60 metr) er ostiga cho'zilgan tashlandiq quduq. Quduq tubidagi oltin Polshaning Breslau (hozirgi Vroslav) shahridagi Reyxsbankdan olingan va milliardlab yevroga baholanmoqda, deb taxmin qilinmoqda TFN 26 may.

Urushdan keyin o'nlab yillar davomida "Mixailis" kundaligi Germaniyaning Quedlinburg shahrida yashiringan holda saqlanardi. Bu yashirin jamiyat sifatida 1000 yildan oshiq vaqt mobaynida mavjud bo'lgan mason lojasiga ega edi va uning davrida elita -natsist zobitlarini o'z a'zolari qatoriga kiritgan. Uchinchi Reyx. Bir a'zosi, go'yoki, Polshaning janubi -g'arbiy qismida fashistlar transportini boshqargan "Mayklis" edi, deb xabar beradi TFN. TFN ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, keyingi yillarda Lodge a'zolari orasida fashistlar ofitserlarining avlodlari bor edi.

Ammo 2019 yilda turar joy kundalikni Sileziya ko'prigi nomli Polsha fondiga berdi. O'tgan yilning mart oyida jamg'arma jurnalni nemis "sheriklari" dan olganligini e'lon qildi va mualliflarni "Ikkinchi jahon urushi uchun uzr" sifatida jurnalni Polsha xalqiga sovg'a qilgan Quedlinburg & mdashdagi uy -joy a'zolaridan oldi, deb xabar beradi TFN.

Jurnalga fashistlar xazinasi yashiringan Xoxberg saroyi hududidagi quduqning joylashuvi aniqlangan xarita ham kiritilgan, dedi TFNga Sileziya ko'prigi vakili Roman Furmaniak. Qo'shimcha hujjatlarga ko'ra, fashistlar noqonuniy boyliklarini yashirishganidan so'ng, ular guvohlarni o'ldirishgan, jasadlarni quduqqa tashlashgan, keyin esa kirish joyini yopish uchun portlovchi moddalarni portlatishgan.


SS ofitserining maxfiy kundaligi fashistlarning 11 xazinasi yashiringan joyni ochib beradi

Rasm krediti: Darius Frans Dziewiatek.

Adolf Gitler 28 tonna oltin, o'nlab san'at buyumlari, zargarlik buyumlari va qadimiy boyliklarni Polsha bo'ylab 11 ta strategik nuqtada yashirishni buyurdi.

Qo'lda yozilgan, hal qilinishi qiyin bo'lgan kundalik SS ‘standartenführer Egon Ollenhauer tomonidan yozilgan. ’

Urushning so'nggi oylarida, xazinalar Polshada yashiringan, chunki qizil armiya Natislarni chekinishga majbur qilgan.

Aniqlanishicha, Gitler SS kuchlari oxir-oqibat keng ko'lamli operatsiyani amalga oshirgan, u erda 260 dan ortiq fashist yuk mashinalari qimmatbaho buyumlarni, shu jumladan oltin, kumush va boshqa qimmatbaho buyumlarni yuklagan.

Tasvir krediti: Darius Frans Dziewiatek.

SS zobitlari xazinani sovetlardan himoya qilmoqchi edilar.

Kundalik SS rasmiylari xazinalarni ko'mgan o'n bir joyning batafsil ro'yxatini ko'rsatadi.

Olimlarning fikricha, 28 tonnadan ortiq oltin xazina omborlarida yashiringan.

Oltin tangalar, medallar, zargarlik buyumlari va Vroslavda badavlat odamlar mahalliy fashistlarga topshirgan turli xil artefaktlar to'plamidan tashqari, SS ofitserining kundaligi xazinalarni ochib beradi, shuningdek 47 ta katta tarixiy san'at asarlarini o'z ichiga oladi. .

Tasvir krediti: Darius Frans Dziewiatek.

11 ta xazina omborlarining ba'zilari, shuningdek, ular tomonidan talon -taroj qilingan diniy narsalarni yashiradi Ahnenerbe, SS Reyxsfureri Geynrix Himmler tomonidan tashkil etilgan.

Natsistlar hukumati Ahnenerbe tadqiqotlaridan foydalanib, ko'plab siyosatlarini oqladi.

Masalan, tahlil markazining ta'kidlashicha, arxeologik dalillar qadimgi oriylar Sharqiy Evropada yashaganligini ko'rsatib, Germaniyaning o'sha hududga harbiy kengayishini asoslab bergan.

Turli xil buyumlar Frantsiya kolleksiyalaridan, shu jumladan Botticelli, Rubens, Sezanna, Carravagio, Monet, Dyurer, Raffael va Rembrandt asarlari, deb xabar beradi Birinchi yangiliklar.

Kundallikka ega bo'lgan Schlesische Brücke (Sileziya ko'prigi) jamg'armasidan Roman Furmaniak "Birinchi yangiliklar" ga shunday tushuntirdi: “O'n yil oldin, ko'p munozaralardan so'ng, Quedlinburger uyi kundalikni fondga topshirishga qaror qildi.

“Biz hozir kundalik haqida ma'lumot berayapmiz, chunki biz voqealar va kundalik bilan bog'liq bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan barcha odamlar, xususan Vaffen SS ofitserlari vafot etguncha kutmoqchimiz. Bu Quedlinburger uyining xohishi edi. ”


Natsistlar kundaligi Ikkinchi Jahon Urushining milliardlab dollarlik xazinasining yashirin joyini ochib beradi, deyiladi xabarda

Fox News Flash -ning eng yaxshi sarlavhalari bu erda. Foxnews.com saytida nima bosilganligini bilib oling.

Ommaviy axborot vositalarida yozilishicha, milliardlab dollarlik xazinaning joylashuvi bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan va fashistlar yashirgan Ikkinchi jahon urushi kundaligi diqqat markaziga tushdi.

Kundalikni S. S. ofitseri "Mixaelis" taxallusi bilan yozgan, deb xabar beradi Polshaning The First News (TFN) yangiliklar sayti. Unda fashistlar urush paytida o'g'irlab ketgan bebaho san'at asarlari, artefaktlar va boshqa boyliklarni yashirmoqchi bo'lgan Geynrix Himmlerning rejalari bor edi. Aytilishicha, kundalikda fashistlar boyliklarni yashirgan 11 joy ko'rsatilgan xaritani o'z ichiga oladi, shu jumladan 16-asrda Polshaning Roztoka yaqinidagi qal'asi.

Umuman olganda, xazina joylashgan kundalikda 11 ta joy bor va 30 tonnadan ortiq oltin bo'lishi mumkin.

Oltin Xoxberg saroyi deb nomlanuvchi qasr ostida 200 futga yaqin quduq tubida joylashgan deb ishoniladi. TFN xabariga ko'ra, oltin milliardlab yevroga teng.

Kundalik ko'p yillar davomida Germaniyaning Quedlinburg shahridagi masonlik lojali tomonidan o'tkazilgan bo'lib, uning a'zolari orasida fashistlarning ofitserlari, shu jumladan kundalik muallifi "Mixaelis" bor edi. 2019 yilda turar joy kundalikni "Ikkinchi jahon urushi uchun kechirim sifatida" Silesian ko'prigi jamg'armasiga topshirdi, deb xabar beradi TFN.

Sileziya ko'prigi jamg'armasini boshqaruvchi Roman Furmaniak TFNga bergan intervyusida, Roztokadagi manzil kundalikda aytilgan 11 yashirinish joylaridan birinchisi, deb hisoblaydi.

"Quedlinburgerlardan olgan ko'rsatmalarga asoslanib, men quduqni saroy hovlisida topdim deb o'ylayman", dedi Furmaniak.

Polsha Madaniyat va milliy meros vazirligi, vazirlik vakili Magdalena Tomashevskaning aytishicha, kundalikning haqiqiyligi hali tasdiqlanmagan.

Xaritaga qo'shimcha ravishda, Furmaniak kundalikda qo'shimcha hujjatlar borligini aytdi, shu jumladan natsistlar artefaktlarni noqonuniy ravishda olib ketishganidan keyin guvohlar o'ldirilgan va jasadlari quduqqa tashlangan, kirishni muhrlash uchun portlovchi moddalar ishlatilgan.

Xoxberg saroyi egalari yillar davomida qarovsiz qolgan binoni qayta tiklamoqchi. Qayta tiklash ishlari davom etar ekan, ko'milgan quduqni ham qidirish ishlari olib boriladi, deb yozadi TFN.

So'nggi yillarda ba'zi g'ayrioddiy joylarda uzoq vaqtdan beri yo'qolgan fashistlarning artefaktlari topilgan.

2019 yil sentyabr oyida Frantsiya Senatining podvalida fashistlar lideri Adolf Gitlerning byusti, fashistlarning bayrog'i va Ikkinchi jahon urushidan qolgan boshqa hujjatlar va buyumlar topilgan.


Kelgusi haftada Polshada yo'qolgan fashistlar xazinasini qidirish boshlanadi

Ikkinchi jahon urushi paytida natsistlar tomonidan talon -taroj qilingan boyliklarning katta ombori deb taxmin qilinayotgan yangi qidiruv ishlari keyingi haftada Polshada boshlanadi. O'tgan yili yozda tadqiqotchilar kundalikni va boshqa yozma materiallarni, shu jumladan o'ljani yashirishga mas'ul bo'lgan SS zobiti tomonidan ishlab chiqilgan xaritani topganlarida, katta xazinaning shubhali joyi ma'lum bo'ldi. Germaniyadagi mason uyi tomonidan yashirin tarzda o'tkazilgan. Qizig'i shundaki, qiziqarli ishlar Polshada Ikkinchi Jahon urushi oxirida uchinchi reyx o'g'irlangan oltin va boshqa qimmatbaho narsalarni saqlagan 11 joyni aniqladi. Bu da'volarning to'g'riligi yaqinda xazina qidirish yo'li bilan sinovdan o'tkaziladi.

Xabarlarga ko'ra, kelgusi haftada "Sileziya ko'prigi poydevori" deb nomlanuvchi tadqiqotchilar guruhi Polshaning Minkovskiy qishlog'iga, xususan, 18 -asr saroyi hududiga, maxfiy boyliklarni yashirish joylaridan biri sifatida yozilgan. SS ofitserining yozishmalariga asoslanib, bu joyda ko'milgan xazina taxminan 50 ta sandiqqa taqsimlangan 11 tonna oltin va boshqa qimmatbaho buyumlarni tashkil qilishi mumkin, deb taxmin qilinadi. O'tgan yili kundalik haqida yangilik paydo bo'lganida, tashkilot faqat kundalikdagi bitta sayt bilan bo'lishgan, bu Polshaning Roztoka qishlog'idagi quduq bo'lib, u erda 30 tonna oltin dafn etilgani aytilgan edi. yer ostida.

"Sileziya ko'prigi" jamg'armasini boshqaruvchi Roman Furmaniakning so'zlariga ko'ra, ular oxir -oqibat Roztokadagi saytni qazish va kotirovka qilish katta vazifa bo'lishini aniqladilar, shuning uchun "biz hozir Minkovskiga e'tibor qaratmoqdamiz, chunki bu osonroq bo'ladi deb o'ylaymiz." kelgusi haftada qazish ishlari boshlanadigan vaqtda guruh va kvotalar boshqa joyni o'rganishga tayyorgarlik ko'rishayotganini ko'rsatdi. SS zobiti yozgan materiallar guvohlik berilganidan keyin, ular qaerdadir biror narsa topishiga ishongan holda, guruh ularning asosiy maqsadi o'g'irlangan boyliklarni qaytarib olish va ularni asl egalariga qaytarish ekanligini ta'kidladi.

Yaxshiyamki, kundalikdagi yashirin xazina da'volari haqiqiymi yoki shunchaki aqlli hiyla -nayrang ekanligini bilish uchun ko'p kutishimizga to'g'ri kelmasligi mumkin. Kelgusi haftada Minkovskida katta miqdordagi boylik yo'qolishi mumkinligi haqida hayajonlanish mumkin bo'lsa -da, kutishlarni oqlash oqilona bo'lar edi, chunki tarix shuni ko'rsatadiki, bunday qidiruvlar ko'pincha tush emas, balki tushlar bilan tugaydi. muhim kashfiyot. Umid abadiy paydo bo'ladi, shuning uchun, ehtimol, bu xazina ovi muvaffaqiyat qozonadi va tadqiqotchilarni SS ofitserining jurnalida ro'yxatga olingan qolgan o'nta joydan qo'shimcha boylik topishga olib keladi.


Quedlinburg, Berlin

Himmler okkultizmga qat'iy ishongan va Quedlinburg shahrida sirli cherkovi bor edi, uning ibodat joyi sifatida ajratilgan. Biroq, u ibodat joyi sifatida ajratgan cherkovning yaqin binolari emas edi. Buning o'rniga, u ibodatini cherkov ostidagi tog'da o'tkazardi. Cherkov Saksonlar sulolasining asoschisi Geynrix I sharafiga qurilgan. U barcha german xalqlarini birlashtirdi va XI asrda Germaniya qirolligini yaratdi. Mahalliy tarixchining so'zlariga ko'ra, 1000 yildan ko'proq vaqt o'tgach, natsistlar jahon hukmronligi imperiyasi sifatida ko'tarildi va qirol Geynrix ular uchun Xudoga o'xshab ketdi. Cherkov ularning ziyoratgohiga aylandi, chunki Geynrixning jasadi bir vaqtlar qabrga dafn etilgan.

Qirol Geynrixning kriptlari (Sayohat kanali)

Mish -mishlarga ko'ra, natsistlar SS qo'mondoni Gimmler boshchiligida tantanali marosimlar va seanslar o'tkazgan. Cherkov Geynrix I ning ziyoratgohi edi va Gimmler unga qayta tiklangan Genrix I ekanligiga ishongani uchun unga o'rnatildi. Bir paytlar Himmler seansni uyushtirgan, chunki u qirolning suyaklarini topmoqchi bo'lgan. Ma'bad Germaniyaning sobiq qiroliga bag'ishlangan bo'lsa -da, uning suyaklari yuz yillar oldin yo'qolgan. Gimmler go'yoki qirol suyaklarini topib, qabrga qo'yishni xohlagan, chunki u qirol suyaklari sehrli kuchga ega ekanligiga ishongan. Uayldman shahar markazida qirol Geynrix ruhi bilan muloqot qilish uchun bir guruh vositachilar bilan uchrashuv o'tkazdi.

"Dunyo Don Donman bilan ko'milgan" premyerasi dushanba kuni soat 9 da ET/PT Sayohat kanalida.

Agar sizda o'yin-kulgi yoki hikoyangiz bo'lsa, biz bilan bog'laning (323) 421-7515


Valbrich, Polsha

2015 yildagi manbalarga ko'ra, Polshaning kichik Valbrjix shahri bir milliard funtga yaqin xazina bilan to'ldirilgan poezdning dam olish joyi.

Tarixchilar bilan maslahatlashgandan so'ng, shahar ma'murlari yer ostida yashiringan 330 fut uzunlikdagi aravalarda oltin, rasmlar va qimmatbaho toshlardan iborat boylik borligiga ishonishadi.

Natsistlar tasodifan hech narsani qoldirmadilar va poezdni portlovchi moddalar va asabiy gaz bilan soxtalashtirdilar.


SS Minden va MV Vilgelm Gustloffning halokatlari

Buyuk Britaniyada joylashgan Advanced Marine Services kompaniyasi 1939 yilda cho'kib ketgan SS Minden pochta bo'limida Janubiy Amerika banklaridan to'rt tonna oltin topilganini da'vo qildi.

Qimmatbaho 100 million funt sterlingga teng bo'lgan oltin 1939 yil 24 sentyabrda Islandiyadan 120 mil janubi -sharqda cho'kib ketganida kema bortida bo'lgan va Germaniyaga yo'l olgan.

Mindenning kapitani Adolf Gitlerning buyrug'iga binoan o'z kemasini ingliz kreyserlari payqab qolgan.

Boshqa bir nazariya, fashistlarning oltinlari MV Vilgelm Gustlof halokatida yashiringan bo'lishi mumkin, deb da'vo qilmoqda.

Taxminlarga ko'ra, qiymati 100 million funt sterling bo'lgan oltin va Amber xonasining bir qismi Sovetlar tomonidan cho'kib ketganda kemaga tushishi mumkin edi.

Kema 9,400 halokatga uchraganidan keyin xalqaro urushning og'ir maqomiga ega, demakki, hech kim halokatdan 50 metr narida sho'ng'iy olmaydi.


Tashlab ketilgan joylarning 35 ta dahshatli tasvirlari sizni g'ozga olib keladi

Siz tashlandiq binolarni aylanib o'tishni yoqtirasizmi yoki yo'qligini tekshirib ko'rasizmi? Yoki siz burchakda g'ayritabiiy faoliyat turini kutayotganingizni kutayotgan binolardan o'tishni yoqtirasizmi? Agar siz o'sha toifalarga kirmasangiz ham, er yuzidagi 35 eng dahshatli joylarning rasmlarini ko'rsangiz, bo'yningizdagi sochlar tik turadi. Bu joylarning ko'pchiligi yillar davomida tashlab ketilgan, ba'zilarini arvohlar ta'qib qilgan, deyishadi, lekin ularning hammasining ortida ma'lum bir go'zallik bor. Bu go'zallikni atrofda yoki hatto arxitekturada topish mumkin. Yuz yillar avvalgi arxitekturaga hech narsa, ayniqsa, begona o'tlar kabi o'sib chiqqan ko'plab uylarni ko'rganingizda, engib o'tolmaydi. Agar siz ozgina qo'rqishga tayyor bo'lsangiz, er yuzidagi eng dahshatli joylarni ko'rib chiqing.

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1. Tashlandiq cherkov – Evropa Tashlab ketilishidan oldin, bu cherkov yosh bolaning dafn marosimi uchun tashkil etilgan. Siz hali ham stullar oldida o'rnatilgan kichik tobutni ko'rishingiz mumkin.

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2. To'g'ridan -to'g'ri tashlangan qo'g'irchoqlar fabrikasi – Ispaniya O'ylaymanki, men bunday joyda adashishni xohlamayman.

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3. Tashlandiq mulk – Kiev, Ukraina – Bu sobiq Ukraina prezidenti Vikto Yanukovichning sobiq mulki. 2014 yil fevral oyida Ukrainadagi namoyishlar nazoratdan chiqqanida, Yanukovich va uning xavfsizligi bu uyni tashlab ketishdi. Endi ’lar tashlab ketilganidan keyin, odamlar buzilib kirib, ichidagi hamma narsani suratga olishdi.

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4. Tashlab ketilgan kon shaharchasi – Kolmanskop, Namib cho'llari – 1900 -yillarning boshlarida nemislar bu shaharga ko'chib o'tib, olmos va boshqa qimmatbaho toshlarni qidiradigan konni yaratdilar. 1950 -yillarda ular undan voz kechishdi. Bu hozir sayyohlar tashrif buyuradigan juda mashhur arvoh shahar.

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5. Tashlab ketilgan kinoteatr – Detroyt, Michigan – Biz iqtisodiyot tufayli Detroytda tashlab qo'yilgan binodan keyin qurilgan binolarni ko'rdik va kinoteatrlar ham bundan mustasno emas edi. Bu kinoteatr elementlarni o'z zimmasiga oldi va chirib ketdi.

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6. Tashlandiq poezd stantsiyasi – Abxaziya, Gruziya – Bu vokzal Gruziyani Rossiya bilan bog'lash uchun ishlatilgan, lekin 1992 va 1993 yillardagi Abxaziya urushidan keyin u tashlab ketilgan. Bu ochiq havoda bo'lgani uchun, elementlar uni o'zlari deb da'vo qilishdi. Shunday bo'lsa -da, stantsiyaning ajoyib me'morchiligi va mebellarini namoyish etadigan, hali ham yaxshi holatda bo'lgan qismlari bor.

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7. Anderlext veterinariya maktabi – Bryussel – Bu o'lik hayvonlarning hammasi shu erda saqlanayotganini hisobga olsak, bu joy dahshatlar laboratoriyasi deb nomlangani juda g'alati tuyulmaydi. Maktab 90 -yillarda tashlab ketilgan va har bir bino asta -sekin ta'mirlanmoqda. Ammo Anderlext veterinariya maktabi oxirgi ta'mirlangan bino bo'lib, ichkariga kirishni biroz dahshatga soladi. Binolarni ta'mirlayotgan odamlarning ba'zilari bu binoga kirishdan qo'rqishlarini aytishdi, chunki u hali ham eski tibbiy asbob -uskunalar, o'lik hayvonlar va tikilgan hayvon qismlarini saqlaydi.

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8. Aniva Rok -mayoq – Saxalin viloyati, Rossiya – Bu mayoqni Yaponiya 1930 -yillarda qurgan, biroq ruslar uni o'z zimmasiga olgan va Ikkinchi jahon urushi davomida ishlatgan. U atom energiyasi bilan ta'minlangan. 1990 -yillar mobaynida mayoq tashlab ketildi va shu vaqtdan beri ishlatilmayapti.

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9. Ararat County Gaol: J Ward – Ararat, Australia – Avstraliyaning eng dahshatli binolaridan biri ekanligi haqida mish -mishlar tarqaldi, bu dastlab 1860 -yillarda Viktoriya va Oltin yugurish paytida qurilgan. Ammo 1887 yilda oltin shovqin tugadi va ular buni J Uardga aylantirishga qaror qilishdi, bu jinnilik uchun aqldan ozganlar uchun mo'ljallangan eng yuqori darajadagi psixiatriya bo'limi.

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10. Bhangarx, Hindiston – Bu bino kunduzi chiroyli ko'rinishi mumkin, lekin tunda hukumat hech kimga maydonga kirishni taqiqlaydi. Bhangarxning hikoyasi shundaki, uni XVI asr musiqachisi ta'qib qilgan, afsuski, malika uni rad etgan. Shu sababli, u endi hamma uchun qayta tug'ilish imkoniyatisiz o'limni beradi. Bu haqiqat bo'lmasa ham, odamlar hali ham hukumatning ogohlantirishini eshitib, quyosh botganidan keyin undan qochishadi.

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11. Chateau Miranda – Celles, Belguim – Bu bino 1886 yilda inqilobdan qochmoqchi bo'lgan frantsuz tomonidan qurilgan. Ikkinchi jahon urushi paytida, Belgiya milliy temir yo'l kompaniyasi bu binoni o'z nazoratiga oldi va uni bolalar uyiga aylantirdi. 1991 yilda mulkdorlar mulkni sotishdan bosh tortishdi, bu esa uni tark etishiga olib keldi.

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12. Chris McCandless ’s Bus – Alyaska – Agar bu avtobus sizga tanish bo'lmasa, kitobni o'qing yoki filmni ko'ring. Yovvoyi tabiatda. Bu mening eng sevimlilarimdan biri. Men hikoyani butunlay buzolmayman, lekin bu Kris Makkandless 1992 yil yozida, u chet elda yashagan avtobus. Avtobus 1960 -yillarda u erda qoldirilgan va yillar davomida sayohatchilar uchun boshpana bo'lgan.

Condé Nast Traveller

13. To'qqiz arvohlar cherkovi – Lukova, Chexiya Respublikasi – Bu cherkov 1968 yilda tashlandiq qoldirilgan edi, lekin jamoa unga qarshi kurashdi va uning ketishini xohlamadi. Mahalliy rassom cherkov ruhiga e'tibor qaratish uchun cherkovga to'qqizta fantom qo'yishga qaror qildi. Ko'rib turganingizdek, hozirda to'qqizdan ko'prog'i bor, lekin buni ko'rganingizda dahshatli tuyg'u bor.

Condé Nast Traveller

14. City Hall Station – New York City, New York – New Yorkdagi ushbu maxsus liniya ko'p ishlatilmadi va oxir -oqibat 1945 yilda yopildi. U 1904 yilda qurilgan.

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15. Krako, Italiya – Italiyadagi bu shahar dastlab 1000 yilda forpost edi, lekin 500 yildan keyin odamlar doimiy yashashni boshladilar. Shahar joylashgani uchun ular tabiiy ofatlarga moyil bo'lib, odamlar va arxitekturaga zarar etkaza boshladilar. 90 -yillarda bu shaharni hamma tashlab ketdi.

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16. Discover Hut – Antarktida – Antarktida tadqiqot guruhi bu kulbani 1904 yilda boshpana joyi sifatida qurgan. Antarktidada juda sovuq bo'lgani uchun, bu bino to'liq saqlanib qolgan va hamma narsa ajoyib holatda qoldirilgan.

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17. Suzuvchi o'rmonlar – Sidney, Avstraliya – Bu kemalarni Sidney portlarida topish mumkin. Ular dastlab Ikkinchi Jahon Urushidan keyin demontaj qilinishi kerak edi, lekin kema hovlisi yopilgach, SS Ayrfildni boshqa kemalar bilan birga tegmagan holda tark etishdi. Okean ularga zarar etkazganidan ko'ra, tabiat ularni o'z mulkiga aylantirdi, bortida o'sayotgan o'rmonlar.

Condé Nast Traveller

18. Glenvud elektr stantsiyasi – Nyu -York, Nyu York Bino 1908 yildan 1968 yilgacha ishlatilgan, lekin o'sha paytdan beri tashlab qo'yilgan. Bino umuman zarar ko'rmagan bo'lsa -da, bu erda bir nechta filmlar suratga olingan.

Condé Nast Traveller

19. Xashima oroli – Yaponiya – 5000 ta ko'mir ishchilaridan iborat bu orol ko'mir bilan to'lgan va iqtisodiyoti jadal rivojlanayotgan edi. Chiqib ketadigan ko'mir qolmaganidan keyin hamma hamma orolni tashlab ketishdi.

Condé Nast Traveller

20. Hotel de Salto – San Antonio del Tequendama, Kolumbiya – Bu ajoyib mehmonxona o'z eshiklarini 1923 yilda ochdi. Mahalliy daryo ularni ifloslantirmaguncha, bir necha o'n yillik ajoyib bizneslari bor edi, ular eshiklarini yopishga majbur qilishdi. U bir muddat yopiq edi, lekin keyinchalik muzey sifatida qayta ochildi. Odamlar xabar berishicha, bu mehmonxonani o'z joniga qasd qilgan ba'zi mehmonlar ta'qib qilishadi.

Condé Nast Traveller

21. I.M. Cooling Tower – Monceau, Belgiya – Bu qiziqarli tuynuk elektr energiyasini ishlab chiqarish va suvni sovutish uchun ishlatilgan. Bu 1930 -yillardan boshlab ochilgan va yaqinda 2006 yilda yopilgan.

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22. Isla de las Munecas – Mexiko shahri, Meksika – Mish -mishlarga ko'ra, bu erlarning qo'riqchisi vafot etgan yosh qizni topgan. U ruhini xursand qilish uchun qo'g'irchoqlarni osishni boshladi. Go'yo bu juda qo'rqinchli emasdek, qizni topgan o'sha tarbiyachi o'lik holda topilgan.

Condé Nast Traveller

23. Harbiy gospital – Beelitz, Germaniya – Bu bino dastlab shifoxona sifatida ishlatilgan, lekin Birinchi jahon urushi paytida ular uni harbiy kasalxonaga aylantirishgan. Ular bu shifoxonadan 1995 yilgacha foydalanishni davom ettirdilar, lekin bino juda eskirgan bo'lib, uzluksiz foydalanish uchun. Binolarning bir nechtasi tadqiqot va boshqa narsalar uchun ishlatilgan, lekin hozirda bu erlar asosan tashlab qo'yilgan.

Condé Nast Traveller

24. Old Atlantadagi qamoqxona fermasi – Atlanta, Jorjiya Bu qamoqxona 1945 yildan 1995 yilgacha ishlatilgan va atrofidagi xo'jaliklarni saqlaydigan, qo'riqlanmagan mahbuslarni ushlab turardi. Ular ekinlar, chorvachilik, sabzavotlarni konservalash, sutli sigirlarni parvarish qilish bilan shug'ullanishgan. U tashlab yuborilganidan beri, binoga ham, tashqariga ham hech kim g'amxo'rlik qilmagan. Hatto yong'in ham bor edi, lekin o't o'chiruvchilar uni o'chirishdan bosh tortishdi. Bu tashlandiq qamoqxona bo'lgani uchun, siz, albatta, g'ayritabiiy faoliyatni kutishingiz mumkin.

Condé Nast Traveller

25. Old Masonic Lodge – Bannack, Montana – Montana Gold Rushdan juda ko'p foyda ko'rdi va shu sababli konchilarni joylashtirish uchun ko'plab binolar qurildi. Ammo "Oltin yugurish" tugagach, o'sha konchilar yig'ilib, keyingi shaharga ko'chib ketishdi va bu kabi binolarni ortda qoldirishdi.

Condé Nast Traveller

26. Oradur, Fransiya 1944 yilda 642 erkak, ayol va boladan iborat butun shahar fashist askarlari tomonidan o'ldirildi. Ular o'zlaridan ofitserni yashirayapti deb o'yladilar. Qirg'indan keyin bilish uchun keling, ular aslida noto'g'ri shaharda bo'lgan va bu odamlarning hammasi xato tufayli vafot etgan. Yaqinda yangi qishloq bor, lekin Oradurning qoldiqlari hali ham bor va ular halok bo'lgan hayotni eslatadi.

Condé Nast Traveller

27. Orpheum – New Bedford, Massachusetts – This theater was one of the hot spots when it opened its doors in 1912. But in 1959 they shut their doors and it has been abandoned ever since. It has occasionally been used to store items such as groceries and tobacco. There is currently a movement to restore the Orpheum back to its original state and reopen it as an entertainment venue.

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28. Pripyat, Urkaine – This town was once home to a nuclear power plant, but when that plant had a meltdown in the 1980s, everyone left. Pripyat has been empty ever since, but it has an odd feeling just looking at it. You can almost imagine all of the residents hustling and bustling during their busy day.

Condé Nast Traveler

29. Ross Island – India – When India was under British rule, this island was used as the administrative headquarters. There is a lot of beauty on this island from both nature and the architecture. In the 1940s, the island was left abandoned due to earthquakes along with the Japanese invasion.

Condé Nast Traveler

30. Ryugyong Hotel – Pyongyang, North Korea – This massive hotel has 105 stories in all. While they were in the process of building it, North Korea fell under a terrible famine and they stopped construction on it for 16 years. They have since finished the hotel, but there are many areas throughout that have been left completely abandoned.

Condé Nast Traveler

31. Six Flags Jazzland – New Orleans, Louisiana – When Hurricane Katrina wreaked havoc on New Orleans in 2005, Jazzland was one of the places that received a lot of devastation. They aren’t sure what to do with this piece of land, whether tear it down or try to reopen it, so for now it just stays there completely abandoned.

Condé Nast Traveler

32. Spreepark – Berlin, Germany – Spreepark was the only amusement park in East Germany during the 1960s when parts of Germany were under Soviet rule. When the Berlin Wall was torn down, everyone from East Germany started visiting West Germany which had more modern amusement parks, which left Spreeland a thing of the past.

Condé Nast Traveler

33. Underwater City – Shicheng, China – The city of Shicheng was built over 1300 years ago and was thriving. When a river was flooded for an electro-hydraulic system 56 years ago, the entire city of Shicheng was found underwater. It still remains underwater and serves as a reminder of the civilization that once occupied this city.

Condé Nast Traveler

34. Unoccupied Irish Homes – Ireland – This looks like an amazing neighborhood that new families would dream to occupy, but the eery thing about these homes is that they are completely abandoned. Not one single home has residents, and they’ve actually never been lived in. When the housing market crashed in Ireland in 2008, it left tons of neighborhoods just like this unoccupied and abandoned.

Some of these definitely gave me the chills, like the abandoned doll factory! Seriously, why leave all those dolls right where they were? They couldn’t have taken the dolls and disposed of them instead. With abandoned buildings, especially abandoned prisons, I really wish the walls could talk and tell us the stories of what happened there. Maybe they could reveal some secrets about why the place was abandoned or why it’s haunted and by who. Would you dare to wander through any of these locations? Izohlarda bizga xabar bering.


Tarkibi

The draining of Germany's gold and foreign exchange reserves inhibited the acquisition of materiel, and the Nazi economy, focused on militarisation, could not afford to deplete the means to procure foreign machinery and parts. Nonetheless, towards the end of the 1930s, Germany's foreign reserves were unsustainably low. By 1939, Germany had defaulted upon its foreign loans and most of its trade relied upon command economy barter. [1]

However, this tendency towards autarkic conservation of foreign reserves concealed a trend of expanding official reserves, which occurred through looting assets from annexed Austria, occupied Czechoslovakia, and Nazi-governed Danzig. [2] It is believed that these three sources boosted German official gold reserves by US$71m ($1.3b 2020) between 1937 and 1939. [2] To mask the acquisition, the Reichsbank understated its official reserves in 1939 by $40m relative to the Bank of England's estimates. [2]

During the war, Nazi Germany continued the practice on a much larger scale. Germany expropriated some $550m in gold from foreign governments, including $223m from Belgium and $193m from the Netherlands. [2] These figures do not include gold and other instruments stolen from private citizens or companies. The total value of all assets allegedly stolen by Nazi Germany remains uncertain.

Advancing north from Frankfurt, the US 3rd Army cut into the future Soviet zone when it occupied the western tip of Thuringia. On 4 April 1945 the 90th Infantry Division took Merkers, a few kilometres inside the border in Thuringia. On the morning of the 6th, two military policemen, Pfc. Clyde Harmon and Pfc. Anthony Kline, enforcing the customary orders against civilian circulation during an evening curfew, stopped two women on a road outside Merkers. Since both were French displaced persons, with one of them pregnant attempting to find a doctor, the military policemen decided to bring them back to Pfc. Richard C. Mootz. Luckily for Mootz, he and the women had something in common: they could all speak German. While getting to know them better and escorting them back into the town, they passed the entrance to the Kaiseroda salt mine in Merkers.

The two women told Mootz [3] that the mine contained gold stored by the Germans, along with other treasures. Once back in his unit, he attempted to tell his three other comrades, but they weren't interested in listening. He called other military personnel by noon, the story had passed on up to the chief of staff and the division's G-5 officer, Lt. Col. William A. Russell, who, in a few hours, had the news confirmed by other DPs and by a British sergeant who had been employed in the mine as a prisoner of war and had helped unload the gold. Russell also turned up an assistant director of the National Gallery in Berlin who admitted he was in Merkers to care for paintings stored in the mine. [4]

The next day was Sunday. In the morning, while Colonel Bernard D. Bernstein, Deputy Chief, Financial Branch, G-5, SHAEF, read about the find [5] in the Yulduzlar va chiziqlar ' s Paris edition, [6] 90th Infantry Division engineers blasted a hole in the vault wall to reveal on the other side a room 23 metres (75 ft) wide and 46 metres (151 ft) deep. They found 3,682 bags and cartons of German currency, 80 bags of foreign currency, 8,307 gold bars, 55 boxes of gold bullion, 3,326 bags of gold coins, 63 bags of silver, one bag of platinum bars, eight bags of gold rings and 207 bags and containers of Nazi loot that included valuable artwork. [7]

On Sunday afternoon, Bernstein, after verifying to the fullest the newspaper story with Lt Col R. Tupper Barrett, Chief, Financial Branch, G-5, 12th Army Group, flew to SHAEF Forward at Rheims where he spent the night, it being too late by then to fly into Germany. At noon on Monday, he arrived at General George S. Patton's Third Army Headquarters with instructions from Eisenhower to check the contents of the mine and arrange to have the treasure taken away. While he was there, orders arrived for him to locate a depository farther back in the SHAEF zone and supervise the moving. (Under the Big Three arrangements, the part of Germany containing Merkers would be taken over by the Soviets for military government control after the fighting ended.) [5] Bernstein and Barrett spent Tuesday looking for a site and finally settled on the Reichsbank building in Frankfurt.

The present whereabouts of the Nazi gold that disappeared into European banking institutions in 1945 has been the subject of several books, conspiracy theories, and a civil suit brought in January 2000 in California against the Vatican Bank, the Franciscan Order and other defendants. [8] The suit against the Vatican Bank did not claim that the gold was then in its possession and has since been dismissed. [9] [10]

The Swiss National Bank, the largest gold distribution centre in continental Europe before the war, was the logical venue through which Nazi Germany could dispose of its gold. [11] During the war, the SNB received $440m ($8b 2020) in gold from Nazi sources, of which $316m ($5.8b 2020) is estimated to have been looted. [12] [13]

On October 21, 1946, the U.S. State Department received a Top Secret report from US Treasury Agent Emerson Bigelow. [14] [15] The report established that Bigelow received reliable information on the matter from the American Office of Strategic Services (OSS) or CIC intelligence officials of the US Army. [16] The document, referred to as the "Bigelow Report" (oftentimes as the Bigelow dispatch, yoki Bigelow memo) was declassified on December 31, 1996, and released in 1997. [17]

The report asserted that in 1945, the Vatican had confiscated 350 million Swiss francs ($1.5b 2020) in Nazi gold for "safekeeping," of which 150 million Swiss francs had been impounded by British authorities at the Austro-Swiss border. The report also stated that the balance of the gold was held in one of the Vatican's numbered Swiss bank accounts. Intelligence reports, which corroborated the Bigelow Report, also suggested that more than 200 million Swiss francs, a sum largely in gold coins, were eventually transferred to Vatican City or to the Institute for Works of Religion (aka the Vatican Bank), with the assistance of Roman Catholic clergy and the Franciscan Order. [18] [19] [20]

Such claims, however, are denied by the Vatican Bank. "There is no basis in reality to the [Bigelow] report", said Vatican spokesman Joaquin Navarro-Valls, as reported in Vaqt jurnal. [21]

During the war, Portugal, with neutral status, was one of the centres of tungsten production and sold to both Allied and Axis powers. Tungsten is a critical metal for armaments, especially for armour-piercing bullets and shells. The German armaments industry was nearly entirely dependent on the supplies from Portugal. [22]

During the war, Portugal was the second largest recipient of Nazi gold, after Switzerland. Initially the Nazi trade with Portugal was in hard currency, but in 1941 the Central Bank of Portugal established that much of this was counterfeit and Portuguese leader António de Oliveira Salazar demanded all further payments in gold. [23]

In 2000, Jonathan Diaz, a French bus driver, found documents at the Canfranc International railway station that revealed 78 tonnes (86 short tons) of 'Nazi Gold' had passed through the station. [24] [25]

It is estimated that nearly 91 tonnes (100 short tons) of Nazi gold were laundered through Swiss banks, with only 3.6 tonnes (4 short tons) being returned at the end of the war. [26]


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