Yangi

Jeyms Lyuis

Jeyms Lyuis


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Jeyms Artur Lyuis Kaliforniyada tug'ilgan. U Qo'shma Shtatlar dengiz piyodalariga qo'shildi va suv osti vayronagarchilik guruhining (UDT) a'zosi edi. Lyuis o'ta o'ng qanot siyosiy qarashlariga ega edi va Jon Birch jamiyati bilan shug'ullangan.

Lyuis 1961 yilda Gerri P. Xemming tomonidan tashkil etilgan Interpen (Intercontinental Penetration Force) a'zosi bo'lgan. Boshqa a'zolarga Loran Xoll, Roy Xargraves, Uilyam Seymur, Lourens Xovard, Stiv Uilson, Xovard K. Devis, Dennis Xarber, Bill Dempsi, Dik Uetli, Ramigo Arce, Ronald Avgustinovich, Jo Garman, Edmund Kolbi, Ralf Shlafter, Manuel Aguilar va Oskar Del Pinto.

Bu tajribali askarlar guruhi 1960-yillarning boshlarida Floridadagi Markaziy razvedka boshqarmasi tomonidan moliyalashtiriladigan Kastroga qarshi guruhlar a'zolarini o'qitishda qatnashgan. Hukumat 1962 yilda Floridadan reydlarni bostirishni boshlaganda, Interpen Nyu -Orleanda yangi o'quv lagerini tashkil qildi. Guruh Fidel Kastro hukumatiga putur etkazish maqsadida Kubaga bir qator reydlar uyushtirdi. Bu Guantanamo harbiy bazasiga hujumni simulyatsiya qilish orqali urush yaratish rejasini o'z ichiga oladi.

1963 yilda u Dik Vatli bilan Britaniya Gondurasiga borib, Kubaga bostirib kirish operatsion bazasini tuzdi. U Sombrero Keyda boshqalar bilan hibsga olingan.

Ba'zi tadqiqotchilar fikricha, Jon Kennedi o'ldirilishida Interpen a'zolari va anti-Kastro kubaliklari ishtirok etgan. Bunga Lyuis, Edvin Kollinz, Roy Xargraves, Stiv Uilson, Gerri P. Xemming, Devid Morales, Xerminio Diaz Garsiya, Toni Kuesta, Evgenio Martines, Virjilio Gonsales, Felipe Vidal Santyago va Uilyam (Rip) Robertson kiradi.

Lyuis Vetnamda xizmat qilgan va Qo'shma Shtatlarga qaytib kelganidan so'ng, Mayami qirg'og'idan xazina qidirishga ketgan. Jeyms Artur Lyuis 1970 yilda sho'ng'in paytida halok bo'lgan.

No Name Key guruhi bilan birinchi aloqa 1962 yil iyul yoki avgust oylarida, kichik guruh Okeechobi ko'lining janubiy qirg'og'ida, Paxokee-Belle Glade yaqinida lagerda bo'lganida bo'lgan.

Taqdim etilganlar orasida Xovard K. Devis, "mashina rahbari", Jerald Patrik Xemming, aka "Jerri Patrik", Jo Garman va Stiv Uilson bor edi.

Guruh bir oz uyatchan, lekin sentyabr oyida, WFLA-TV Tampaning do'sti Don Starning iltimosiga binoan, ularning faoliyati tasvirini olishga harakat qildi. Shanba kuni Mayamida Devis va Patrik bilan uchrashdi. 15 sentyabr, nihoyat, 16 sentyabr yakshanba kuni soat 02:00 atrofida, tasdiq oldi.

Ikki yuk mashinasi Mayami shahridan No Name Key uchun jo'nab ketdi, shu jumladan Devis, Patrik, kubalik, faqat Pino nomi bilan tanilgan va boshqalar. No Name Key lagerida Stiv Uilson mas'ul edi. U erdagi boshqa amerikaliklar orasida Ed Kollins, Bill Seymur, kanadalik Bill Dempsi bor edi, ulardan biri Fin, Immigratsiyadagi shubhali shaxs, Edmund Kolbe, Roy Xargraves.

16-sentabr, yakshanba kuni Nom Nomidan qayiqda olib ketilgan erkaklar soni, WFLA-TV ovozli ekipaji, WTVLA Tampaga boradigan film, shuningdek, ishlatilmagan kadrlar bilan, "No Name" yaqinidagi Big Pine Keyda tasvirga olingan. Mayami Herald hikoyasida 20 sentyabr, Glades okrugidagi demokrat 21 sentabr 1962 yil.

Demokratlar maqolasi, do'sti Larri Nyuman, Dayton (Ogayo shtati) Daily News -ning boshqaruvchi muharriri tomonidan o'qilgan, natijada 15 -oktabrda yangi san'at asarini ko'rsatish talab qilingan.

Mayamiga 20 oktyabr, shanba yoki ehtimol juma kuni qaytdi. Qanday bo'lmasin, Hotel Flagler barida pivo ichish seansidan so'ng, Dennis Xarber birinchi marta duch kelganida, Roy Hargraves bilan birga Flaglerdagi sayyohlik sudiga bordi, u erda u faqat "Betti" sifatida tanilgan va u keyinchalik uylangan.

Tungi soat 2 da kelish Bettining noroziligiga sabab bo'ldi, u Xargravesga "bu erdan do'zaxni olib ket va o'zing bilan do'stingni o'zing bilan olib ket" deb qattiq ko'rsatma berdi. Birozdan so'ng, u mening o'rnimda Xarber tashqarida deb o'ylaganini bilib qoldi.

U Xargravesga inqilob bilan vaqtini behuda sarflayotganiga norozilik bildirdi. U ishdan bo'shatish uchun ko'p vaqt sarflaganini aytdi. Biz mashinamda Patrik shtab -kvartirasi, Federikoning mehmon uyi, 220 -gachasi 8 -avenyoda uxladik.

Xovard K. Devis o'sha paytda 3350 NW 18 -chi terasda yashagan. U "No Name Key" ga bo'lgan har ikki safarga hamrohlik qilgan va guruh rahbari hisoblangan. (Qizig'i shundaki, Devis Associated Press Florida F56MH tel -hikoyasida ro'yxatga olingan (1960 yil 24 -mart, deb taxmin qilinadi, lekin 1959 yil bo'lishi mumkin edi), Mayami News chegara patrullari buyrug'iga binoan samolyotlarni ijaraga olish taqiqlangan 29 kishidan biri sifatida. Devis, va faqat "San'at" nomi bilan tanilgan boshqa amerikalik, keyinchalik Artur Gerteyt deb tan olindi, 1966 yil noyabr oyida CBS-Rolando Masferrer Gaitining "havo kuchlari" bosqini uchun uchuvchilar edi. Gerteit keyinchalik United Press International Tifton, Kaliforniya shtatidan kelgan. 1967 yil (11 -aprel), u erda kubalik samolyotni ijaraga olayotganda bomba bilan hibsga olindi, "FBR tuzog'i" sifatida)

Dayton Daily News nomidan No Name ga ikkinchi safarida, Xarber menga faqat Pino familiyasi bilan ma'lum bo'lgan kubalikni o'z ichiga olgan guruhga hamrohlik qildi, u ham birinchi filmda qatnashdi. Xabarlarga ko'ra, Pino o'sha paytda ismi tilga olinmagan, anti-kommunistik ozodlik xristian armiyasi (ECLA) deb nomlangan surgun guruhining rahbari edi.

Harber Mayamidan ketayotganda mast edi va o'zi bilan bir stakan viski olib keldi, uni asta -sekinlik bilan taqsimlashni so'radi. Men bu vazifani bajardim. Pino Xarberni juda xursand qildi, uni u "el professori" deb atadi.

Harber o'sha paytda G'arbiy Flagler, 637 Flagler mehmonxonasining tungi xodimi edi, shuningdek, mehmonxona yonidagi til maktabida ingliz tilidan (quvg'inlik talabalarga) dars berdi.

O'sha paytda Patrik Xarberni saraton kasalligiga chalingan deb ta'riflagan. Hozirgi vaqtda, Patrikning so'nggi xabariga ko'ra, Xarber menga hujjatsiz, qotillik uchun Meksikada hukm qilingan.

Harber Flagler mehmonxonasining orqasidagi kichkina kvartirada yashar edi va uni vaqti -vaqti bilan amerikaliklar bilan bo'lishar edi, ular orasida Seymur, Kollinz va Karl Novak ismli Chex bolasi bor edi, men uni "Nom" filmida ko'rmaganman.

Jim Lyuis, 1970 yilda Vetnamdan qaytganida va Mayamida Markaziy razvedka boshqarmasi kontrakt agenti Tom MakKori (sertifikatlangan dengiz tadqiqotchisi) bilan ishlayotganda, yana bir xazina qidirish imkoniyatiga qiziqdi - va bu yarim o'nlikning oxirgi bo'lishi kerak edi. yaxshi to'langan oldingi ovlar ...

Bankda topilgan 40,000 dollarlik RVN pul bilan Jim Lyuis Kaliforniyadan Bekmann Electro -Lung sotib oldi (uzoq vaqt sho'ng'ishdan keyin dekompressiya talab qilinmaydi), uni tekshirish uchun kompaniya o'qituvchisi uchun to'lov to'langan. sotishdan oldin Fowery Rocks -dan chiqib ketish - va meniki ham, Uilsonning ham orqasida, "Skinny Ralf" Sklafter bilan bir qator sho'ng'inda.

Jim, istiqbolli saytlardan biri Egmont Key yaqinida, Tampa ko'rfaziga kiraverishda bo'lishi mumkinligini aniqladi. Uning halokatli xatosi-yakkaxon sho'ng'in (haqiqiy "Yo'q") va "Skinny" ni qayiqda g'avvos/tender sifatida qoldirish edi. "Nam" dagi SEAL guruhining do'sti yo'qolganidan bir kun keyin paydo bo'ldi (sayohatni uning respublikachi Kaliforniyadagi onasi to'lagan); va biz jasadni ikki kun qidirdik.

O'sha haftaning oxirida men SEAL bilan jiddiy kelishmovchiliklarga duch keldim, u "moi" sxemani yaqindan kuzatib borishi kerak edi, deb aytdi, shunda "moi" Jim va "Skinny" hammamizga "da'vo -o'tish" ekanligini tushuntirdi.

Bir necha hafta o'tgach, bizning oldingi pro bono advokatlarimizdan biri (Jon Bircher); kim o'sha paytdan beri AQSh prokurori etib tayinlangan edi. Dist. Florida shtati; Biz uning IRS/Markaziy razvedka boshqarmasi/FTB "pogues" bilan til biriktirgani haqidagi dalillarga duch kelganimizda, bu xazina aslida shaxsiy kollektsiyadan o'g'irlangan tovarlar ekanligi haqida xabar berganimizda, biz hayron bo'ldik. Klark, go'yoki, Kalit ko'prigidan chiqib ketayotganda vafot etgan, (BNR) "Tana tiklanmagan"; Biroq, IRS Klarkning otasining uyi/Florida xonasi/Garajining beton pollarini ruxsatsiz urib-tortib ushlagan.

JFK suiqasd qilingan kuni, Jim Lyuis (odatdagidek) Mayami daryosi bo'yidagi "Kichik Jo" kvartirasida shaxmat o'ynagan edi - Eddi Kollinz, "Skinny", Dik Uetli, Bobbi Uillis va Bill Dempsi bilan birga. Garman Dallasdan kelgan xabarni eshitgach, ko'chada raqsga tusha boshlagach, Jim uni qattiq jazoladi (kubalik g'azablangan qo'shnilari bilan birga); U buni faqat to'rt kun oldin eslatdi; u IIVda (18-noyabr, dushanba) JFK xavfsizlik tafsilotlari a'zosi bo'lgan va u prezident uchun "o'q uzishga" tayyor bo'lgan !!

Bill Dempsi bu tafsilotda emas edi, chunki u yana noqonuniy mamlakatda bo'lgan; Vatli biz bilan birga IIVda ham bo'lgan. Uetli va Lyuis Rorke/Sullivan qidiruvida biz bilan birga bo'lishmadi, chunki ular Britaniya Gondurasidan (Beliz) qaytgan va u erda persona-non-grata bo'lganlar. Biz 1963 yil noyabr oyining birinchi haftasida Gvatemaladan qaytgan edik.


Amerika oilasi tarixi

Rezerford okrugi, Shimoliy Karolina 1779 yilda Tayron okrugidan tashkil topgan.
Tyron 1768 yilda Meklenburgdan tashkil topgan.
Meklenberg 1763 yilda Ansondan tashkil topgan.
Anson 1750 yilda Bladendan tashkil topgan.
Bladen 1734 yilda Nyu -Gannoverdan tashkil topgan.
1791 yilda Rezerford va Burkning qismlari birlashib, Bunkomni hosil qilishdi.
1841 yilda Rezerford va Linkolnning qismlari birlashib Klivlendni tashkil qilishdi.
1842 yilda Rezerford va Burkning qo'shimcha qismlari birlashtirib, MakDowellni tashkil qildi.
1855 yilda Rezerford va Xendersonning bir qismi Polkni tashkil qildi.

Devid Lyuis, Sr. taxminan 1690 yilda Virjiniya shtatining Gannover okrugida tug'ilgan. U, ehtimol, Jon Lyuisning o'g'li edi.

Uilyam Terrell Lyuis (1718, Sara Martinga uylangan),
Syuzanna Lyuis (1720, Aleksandr Makki bilan turmush qurgan),
Xanna Lyuis (1722, Jeyms Xikmanga uylangan),
Sara Lyuis (Ibrohim Musikga uylangan),
Devid Lyuis (Rebekka Stoval va Elizabet Lokxartga uylangan),
Jon Lyuis (1728, Sara Taliaferro va Syuzan Klarksonga uylangan),
Joel Lyuis (Mary Trueman, Gordon xonim va Lyusi Danielsga uylangan) va
Anna Lyuis (Joel Terrel va Stiven Uillisga uylangan).

1734 yilda Devid va Joel Terrelga Virjiniya shtatining Albemarl okrugidagi hozirgi Lyuis tog'ining shimoliy tomonida 3,0 00 gektar maydon ajratildi.

1734 yilda o'n uchta grant berildi. Boshqasi, shu paytgacha qoida bo'lgan narsadan sezilarli istisno yaratdi. Bu birinchi bo'lib daryodan chiqib, okrug o'rtasiga qarab urildi. U Joel Terrell va Devid Lyuis tomonidan yigirma uch yuz gektar maydonga olingan va ko'p o'tmay, yana uchta yuzli yo'lning ikkala tomonida joylashgan va Lyuis tog'idan DS DS yaqinidagi nuqtaga qadar cho'zilgan etti yuz gektar maydon uchun olingan. Qush daraxti plantatsiyasi bu varaqda tushunilgan. (dan Virjiniya shtatidagi Albemarle okrugi Edgar Vuds tomonidan)

U hali ham 1743 yilda Albemarle okrugida bo'lgan, u yo'l kuzatuvchisi etib tayinlangan.

. 1743 yil 20 sentyabrda O.S. Devid Lyuisni D. S. daraxtidan Moors -Krikgacha va kotiblar yo'liga boradigan yo'lni tekshiruvchi etib tayinladi. . .

[1745 yilda] Devid Lyuis kapitan Charlz Lynchs ustidagi yo'lni Rivanna daryosining hozirgi Pen Parkidagi yo'lni tozalashga ruxsat oldi. Devid Lyuis universitet hududining g'arbida yashagan. (A.danlbemarle okrugi yo'llari Nathaniel Mason Pawlet tomonidan)

Jon Lyuis, Sr. 1728 yilda Virjiniya shtatining Gannover okrugida tug'ilgan. U Devid Lyuis va Enn Terrelning o'g'li edi.

Tomasin Lyuisning eri bo'lgan Ezekiel Gremning so'zlariga ko'ra, Jon 1750 yil 3 martda Virjiniyada Sara Taliaferroga uylangan. Tomasin Jon Lyuis, Sr va Sara Taliaferroning nevarasi edi.

Jon va Sora bolalari quyidagilarni o'z ichiga olgan bo'lishi mumkin.

Robert Lyuis (1752, turmushga chiqmagan),
Taliaferro Lyuis (1754, turmushga chiqmagan),
Jon Lyuis (1757, Enn Berri Erlga uylangan),
Mildred Makkoy Lyuis (1759, Tomas Rowlandga uylangan),
Charlz Krouford Lyuis (1761, Elizabet Rassellga uylangan),
Jessi Lyuis Pitman (1763, Charlz Pitmanga uylangan),
Richard Lyuis (1765, Sara Millerga uylangan),
Frensis Rods Lyuis (1767, Uilyam Tvittiga uylangan) va
Genri Graves Lyuis (1767, Mouring Millsga uylangan),

Sara 1769 yil 20 yanvarda vafot etdi.

O'lganidan so'ng, Jon Syuzanna Klarksonga uylandi.

Syuzan Lyuis (1772, yosh vafot etgan),
Yuliy Lyuis (1773, yosh vafot etgan),
Devid Jekson Lyuis (1774, Marta Beykerga uylangan).

Charlz Lyuis va Jon Lyuis 1782 yilda Rezerford okrugida bo'lgan.

Jon Lyuis Mountain Creek suvlarida 50 gektar maydonni oldi.
Jorj Lyuis Puzzle Creekning ikkala tomonida 100 gektar maydonni oldi.
Charlz Lyuis Mountain Creekning sharqiy tomonida 50 gektar maydonni oldi.
Richard Lyuis Knob Creekda 100 gektar maydonni oldi.

Jonning irodasi 1779 yil 20 oktyabrda yozilgan va 1782 yil aprelda Shimoliy Karolina shtatining Rezerford okrugida isbotlangan.

1607 yilda London kompaniyasi tashkil etildi Virjiniya Yangi jahon inglizlarining birinchi doimiy mustamlakasi sifatida.

Abel Lyuis, ser. 18 -asrning o'rtalarida tug'ilgan.

Hobil taxminan 1770 yilda Charityga uylandi.

Abel va Charityning bolalari quyidagilarni o'z ichiga olishi mumkin edi.

Xayriya Lyuis (1770, Bartlet Eavesga uylangan),
Abel Lyuis, kichik (1770) va
Sara (Meri) Lyuis (1777, Tomas Robinsonga uylangan).

1773 yilda Tomas Tramel va Abel Lyuis Tomas Prays, Jr.ning sud oldida ko'rinishini sug'urta qilish uchun qimmatli qog'ozlar bo'lgan.

1780 yilda serjant Abel Lyuis Shimoliy Karolina shtatining Rezerford okrugidan kapitan Adam Xampton va polkovnik Endryu Xempton qo'lida xizmat qilgan.

Abel 1782 yilda Shimoliy Karolina shtatining Rezerford okrugining soliq ro'yxatida paydo bo'lgan. U kapitan Robert Rankin kompaniyasida edi.

1782 yil oktyabr oyida u Rezerford okrugiga hakamlar hay'atiga chaqirildi.

1784 yil 3 -dekabrda Abel Lyuis Rezerford okrugidagi 200 gektar maydonga, Graves Eaves erining yonidagi Ikkinchi keng daryoning bir qismi bo'lgan Puzzle Creekda joylashgan.

1786 yil aprel oyida Abel Lyuis hakamlar hay'ati Rezerford okrugida edi.

Xayriya Lyuis 1785 yilda qo'shnisi Bartlet Eavesga uylandi.

1796 yilda Sara (Meri) Lyuis Tomas Robinsonga uylandi.

Shimoliy Karolina o'n uchta asl koloniyalardan biri edi. U birinchi bo'lib kichik dehqonlar tomonidan joylashtirilgan va 18 -asr o'rtalarida tez o'sgan.

Abel Lyuis, kichik taxminan 1770 yilda tug'ilgan

Uy 1790 yilda Rezerford okrugida edi.

16 yoshdan katta bir kishi
2 urg'ochi
16 yoshgacha bo'lgan bola
qul bo'lgan odam

1795 yil 8 -avgustda Jeyms Arroud sotib oldi

ba'zi er uchastkalari yotadi. Puzzel Creek Shole filialida dastlab Jeykob Devis tomonidan patentlangan. Eavis liniyasidagi ulushga. ko'p yoki kamroq yuz gektar maydonga ega bo'lish.

oltmish funt uchun Tomas Devisdan. Amalga Abel Lyuis va Bartlet Eaves guvoh bo'lgan.

Abel Lyuis 1804 yilda Shimoliy Karolinaning Bostik shahridagi Konkord Baptist cherkovining a'zosi bo'lgan.

Jon Lyuis taxminan 1757 yilda tug'ilgan.

U Enn Berri Erlga uylandi.

Nyu -Kent okrugidagi Sankt -Peterburg cherkovining suvga cho'mish to'g'risidagi yozuvlarida 1680 va 17xx orasida Jon Lyuisning o'g'illari sifatida suvga cho'mgan to'rt bola ko'rsatilgan:

Jon Lyuis, kichik, 1687 yil 27 -fevral,
Devid Lyuis 1695 yil 5 mayda
Ibrohim Lyuis, 1698 yil 27 -noyabr,
Uilyam Lyuis 22, 17 noyabrda?.

Amerika inqilobi 1783 yilda Parij shartnomasi imzolanganda tugadi.

dan Ota -onam Jessi Berryman Robinson II va Xelen Evelin Koksga Muallif: Helen Graves.

Jon Lyuis
b. 1728 yil Gannover sh., D. 1782 yil Rezerford kompaniyasi, N. C. 1-Sara Talliaferro b Va 2-Syuzan Enn Klarkson d. 1779 yil oxiridan keyin.

Jon 1728 yilda Virjiniyada tug'ilgan va 1755-1775 yillar orasida oilasini N. Karolinaga ko'chirgan. U, ehtimol, bir vaqtning o'zida ikkita qayin aka-ukasi Aleksandr Makki bilan Sara Lyuisga va Anna Lyuisga uylangan Joel Terrel bilan ko'chib kelgan.

Jon inqilobiy urushda qatnashgan bo'lishi mumkin, ammo isbotlanmagan. Jon Lyuisning merosxo'ri, xususiy, 84 oylik xizmat uchun 640 gektarlik grant oldi. Grant Jon o'limidan keyin 4-23-1785 yillarga to'g'ri keladi. Bu 1780 yil oktyabr oyida Kings Mt, Milliy Militsiya bilan birga bo'lgan mayor Jozef Dixion tomonidan ijro etilgan, ulardan ko'plari Rezerforddan edi. Co.

U 1782 yil aprelda sudda 10-20-1779 yillardagi vasiyatnomasi isbotlangan. uning dower o'ng, keyin mulk uning kichik o'g'illari meros bo'lib, Yuliy C. Lyuis va Devid J. Lyuis boshqa o'g'illari o'rtasida bo'linadi. Bu g'alati ko'rsatma, onasining qilmishi tufayli ikki o'g'ilga mulkdan voz kechish kerak. Mumkin bo'lgan javob shundaki, uning rafiqasi Syuzan Enn, birinchi xotini tomonidan o'g'illariga nisbatan o'z bolalarini yaxshi ko'rar edi va bu tahdid uning o'limidan keyin bunday harakatlarning oldini olishning yagona yo'li edi.

Uning qancha bolalari borligi noma'lum. U o'z xohish -irodasida faqat beshta bolani ism bilan tilga oladi, Mildred, Frensis, Yuliy S, Devid J. va Talliaferro, keyin "qolgan o'g'illarim" ga ishora qiladi. va Jon va ehtimol Genri va Gerkules. Bu 1790 yilgi ro'yxatga olishda bir -biriga qo'shni yashaydigan Lyuis oilalarining nasroniy ismlari edi.

Rd. va Jon Lyuis Abel Lyuisning qizi Meri Lyuisning Tomas Robinsonga uylanishida xizmatkor bo'lgan. Va ular Rd -da, Jon va Abel Lyuis 1790 yilgi ro'yxatga olishda yaxshi aniqlangan, har birining ikkita farzandi bor va bir nechta qullari bor edi, ular Maryamning akalari bo'lish uchun juda yoshi katta edi, shuning uchun, ehtimol, uning amakilari edi. Inqilobiy urushda qatnashgan Charlz Lyuis 1761 yilda tug'ilganligi sababli, u Jon Lyuisning o'g'li bo'lishi kerak. Genri va Gerkules Lyuis 1790 yildagi aholini ro'yxatga olishdan boshqa yozuvlarda yo'q, ular boshqa Lyuis oilalari bilan bir xilda yashagan.

Bir tadqiqotchi, u Yuliy S, Yuliy Charlz va Devid J. Devid Jon ekanligini aniq ko'rsatib berganini aytdi, shuning uchun bu ikki o'g'il yozuvlarda takrorlangan. Bolalar:

Mildred Lyuis m. Tomas Rowland
Frensis Lyuis m. Rodos (yo'llar)
Yuliy C. Lyuis
Devid J. Lyuis
Talliaferro Lyuis
Abel Lyuis taxminan 1750 yil.
Charlz Lyuis b. 5-26-1761 yillar. 12-13-1833
Rd. Lyuis
Jon Lyuis 12-21-178_ yillardagi Rezerford shirkatida Annan Erlga uylangan Jon Lyuis deb ishonilgan.
Genri mumkin bo'lgan o'g'il
Herkul mumkin o'g'li

dan Ota -onam Jessi Berryman Robinson II va Xelen Evelin Koksga Muallif: Helen Graves.

Abel Lyuis b. taxminan. 1750 yil d. ehtimol 1777 yilgacha
m. Meri U 2-chi yilga uylandi. 1777 yil Jessi Berri d. 1790 yilga kelib

Bolalar:
Abel Lyuis, kichik b. taxminan. 1770
Meri & quot; Salli & quot; Lyuis b. 4-29-1773 yillar. 4-25-1863 m. Tomas Robinson, kichik

Ko'rinishidan, Abel uylanishining boshida vafot etgan. Oilaviy urf -odatlarga ko'ra, uning qizi Meri Robinson u haqida hech narsa eslamagan, lekin o'gay otasi Jessi Berrini yaxshi eslagan. U birinchi o'g'liga Abel Lyuis Robinson deb ism qo'ydi. U yana bir o'g'liga Jessi Berryman Robinson deb ism qo'ydi va Jessi Berryman ismli har bir o'g'liga berish uchun bu o'g'liga chiroyli ko'rpa yasadi. Choyshab 1948 yilda, Jessi Berryman Robinson III ning uyi yonib ketganda vayron bo'lgan. Muallif bu chiroyli choyshabni va onam uni kompaniyaning ko'rgazmasi sifatida qanday ishlatganini eslaydi.

O'gay otasi Jessi Berri 1790 yildan oldin vafot etdi, o'sha yili o'tkazilgan ro'yxatga olishda Meri Berri bir necha Lyuis oilalari yonida yashovchi oila boshlig'i sifatida qayd etilgan. Uning oilasi to'rt o'g'il va ikki qizdan iborat edi, bu uning Abel yoki ehtimol Jessi Barridan qo'shimcha bolalari borligini ko'rsatdi.

dan Rezerford hamkorlik kitobi P., 14 -bet, 13 -aprel 1794.

Abel Lyuis ga Jon Sullins, ikkalasi ham Rezerford kompaniyasi uchun 60 funt,
& Quot; Robesons Creek & quot; ning shimoliy va sharqiy tomonida 50 gektar
Tomas Robertson (Robinson) chizig'idagi Abel Lyuisning Bahor filiali og'zidan boshlangan, Abel Lyuisga yuqori sherif Uilyam Nevil, Esquire tomonidan berilgan 200 gektar maydonning pastki qismi.

dan Rezerford hamkorlik kitobi P., 87 -bet, 18 -yanvar 1795.

Abram Irvin, Esquire, Rezerford kompaniyasining sherifi Abel Lyuis xuddi shu tarzda, Rezerford sudi tomonidan Jorj Uintersga qarshi ijro etilgan.
75 funtli S5 P6 Abel Lyuis tomonidan tiklangan, shuningdek, 4 va 2 funtli S1 P7 xarajatlari Gilbertaundan (Rezerfordton) vagon yo'lidagi Uinters Mill Krik shoxchasida, 250 gektarga sotiladi, Asosiy Broad daryodagi Orol -Fordgacha.

dan Rezerford hamkorlik kitobi O, 171 -bet, 25 sentyabr 1795.

1787 yil 9 -avgustda Uilyam Eves uchun o'tkazilgan so'rovning bir qismi, Ikkinchi keng daryoning sharqiy qirg'og'ida, 200 gektar, 70 gektarga, Rezerford shtatidan Jeyms Flinn o'g'li Jon Flinnga.
Guvohlar Abel Lyuis, Adam Uollar va Sally Lyuis Junr.

dan Rezerford hamkorlik kitobi Q, 103 -bet, 11 -yanvar 1796. Tomas Xokins, Rezerford shirkati Xolbert Xokinsga, 50 g, 100 gektar, Ikkinchi Broad daryosining g'arbiy qismida, Buck filialining og'zida, Uilyam Eavesga 1786 yil 26 aprelda berilgan 200 gektarlik maydonning bir qismi.
Guvohlar Abel Lyuis va Salli Lyuis.

dan Rezerford hamkorlik kitobi, 283 -bet, yanvar 1796.

Tomas Xokinz, Rezerford shirkatidan Jon Robinsonga, 30 gektar, Ikkinchi keng daryo bo'yida, Tomas Robinson va Tomas Kavenderning qo'shilishi.
Guvoh Abel Lyuis va Sara Lyuis.

9 sentyabr 1797, Sahifa 146, Rezerford Co Land yozuvlari.

Abel Lyuis va Jon Robinson Rezerford shtatidagi 260 gektar maydonni Ikkinchi keng daryo bo'yida va Puzzel -Krik suvlari yonida joylashgan Jeyms Flin, Jorj Lyuis, Jon Robinson, Langum, Uotson, Uaytayds, Samuel Tomason

dan Rezerford hamkorlik kitobi 14, Pg 341, 15 sentyabr 1797.

Abel Lyuis, Rezerford kompaniyasidan Jeyms Inglizga, xuddi shu temir ustasi, 150 funt, Robesons Krikidagi 130 gektar, 1774 yil 21 -iyulda Jorj Uintersga berilgan, Abel Lyuis bahor filialiga qo'shilgan, Robison, Linkoln yo'li.
Guvoh Bartlet Eaves va Uilyam Leveritt.

12 iyuldan 1803, Sahifa 291, Rezerford Co Land yozuvlari

Abel Lyuis Rezerford shtatining 50 gektarlik maydoniga, o'z tomorqasiga yaqin joylashgan Puzzel -Krikda, Tomas Xokkins, Jozef Akins, Jon Uotterson, Tomas Flemmingga yaqin.

dan Amal kitobi 24 dan 26 gacha pg 99-101 15 oktyabr 1805 Rezerford shirkati.

Tomas Robinson, Rezerford shtatidan, Wm Carson Sherifdan.
O'n uch funtga Jeyms Kuk tomonidan Abel Lyuisga qilingan qatl tufayli.
Sherif aytilgan Abel Lyuisning mol -mulki va mol -mulkini tortib oldi va yigirma gektar erni Rok buloqdan boshlab, Linkoln yo'lidan Abel Lyuisning bahor filialiga sotdi, dedi, bu trakt Jorj Uinters tomonidan patentlangan 200 gektarlik traktning bir qismi. Bu er Tomas Robinsonga besh shilin, o'n uch funtga sotildi.
Aql: Lyuk Robinson va Jeyms Ingliz

dan Amerikadagi Lyuis oilasining nasabnomasi

Jon Lyuis, Devid va uning rafiqasi Miss Terrellning o'g'li, 1728 yilda Virjiniyaning Gannover okrugida tug'ilgan, u o'sgan. Fuqaro sifatida uni taniganlarning hammasi hurmat qilishardi. Er, otasi va akasi sifatida u mehribon va mehribon edi va opa -singillari orasida sevimli bo'lgan, shuning uchun ko'pchilik uning ismini o'g'li qo'ygan.

U birinchi marta ikki marta uylangan Sara Taliafer1750 yilda u to'qqizta bolani tarbiyalagan. Birinchi xotini 1769 yilda vafot etib, ikkinchi xotini sifatida turmushga chiqdi. Syuzan Klarkson, Manoah Klarksonning singlisi, Albemarl okrugidan, Virjiniya, u uch farzandi bor edi, lekin faqat bittasini tarbiyalagan.

U qaysi yili Gannover okrugini tark etgani noma'lum, lekin u 1759 yilda Ameliya okrugida yashaganga o'xshaydi, chunki uning ba'zi bolalari shu okrugda tug'ilgan. Keyin u otasi, aka -uka va opa -singillari muqaddam Albemarle okrugiga joylashdi.

U Albemarle okrugida inqilobiy urushdan oldin, Shimoliy Karolina shtatining Rezerford okrugiga hijrat qilib, joylashguncha qoldi. 1779 yilda otasi Devid vafot etdi va uning mulki buzilganidan so'ng, Jon bu mulkni bo'lishish uchun Albemarle okrugiga qaytib keldi va 1784 yilda o'sha erda vafot etdi.


Jon Lyuis, Sara Taliaferro va Syuzan Klarksonga uylangan, uning birinchi xotini to'qqizta bolani tarbiyalagan, uchtasi bor edi, lekin faqat bitta, ikkinchi xotini. Ularning ismlari shunday edi:
Robert, 1752 yilda tug'ilgan, 1799 yilda Kentukkida yolg'iz vafot etgan.
Taliaferro, 1755 yilda tug'ilgan, 1810 yilda Virjiniyada yolg'iz vafot etgan.
1757 yilda tug'ilgan Jon Enn Berri Erlga uylandi va Jorjiyada vafot etdi.
Mildred Makkoy, 1759 yilda tug'ilgan, Tomas Rowlandga uylangan va Janubiy Karolinada vafot etgan.
Charlz Krouford, 1761 yilda tug'ilgan, Elizabet Rassellga uylangan va Shimoliy Karolinada vafot etgan.
Jessi Pitman, 1763 yilda tug'ilgan, Nensi Klarksonga uylangan va Virjiniyada vafot etgan.
Richard, 1765 yilda tug'ilgan, Sara Millerga uylangan va Janubiy Karolinada vafot etgan.
Genri Graves, 1767 yilda tug'ilgan, Mourning Millsga uylangan va Shimoliy Karolinada vafot etgan.
Frensis Rodos, 1767 yilda tug'ilgan, Uilyam Tittiga uylangan va Shimoliy Karolinada vafot etgan.
Syuzan, 1772 yilda tug'ilgan, bolaligida vafot etgan.
1774 yilda tug'ilgan Yuliy bolaligida vafot etdi.
Devid Jekson, 1774 yilda tug'ilgan, Marta Beykerga uylangan va Kentukki shahrida vafot etgan.
8 va 9, 11 va 12 -chi egizaklar edi.


Jeyms Lyuis Erta, MD

Shimoliy Karolina va Virjiniya shtatining Yangi daryo vodiysining tarixi va nasabnomasini muhokama qilish uchun sizni Yangi daryo tarixi va nasabnomasi munozara guruhiga qo'shilishingiz mumkin.

Xush kelibsiz va munozaralarga qo'shilasiz degan umiddamiz.

Nima yangiliklar:

Yangi daryo eslatmalari va mdash tugallandi

2014 yil 21 yanvar

Taxminan ikki yillik ishdan so'ng, biz "New River Notes" ga katta yangilanishni yakunladik. 2014 yil 21 -yanvarda biz oxirgi yangilangan fayllar va oxirgi sahifa versiyalarini almashtirdik.

2013 yil yanvar oyida biz saytning yangi tartibini taqdim etdik, lekin ko'p sahifalar qolganligi sababli, bosh sahifada katta qizil qurilish ostida edi. Bir yil o'tgach, biz saytdagi barcha sahifalarni tugatdik. Qurilish tugallandi. Bizda sizning tadqiqotlaringizga yordam beradigan va ehtimol sizni zavqlantiradigan materiallar bilan to'la ajoyib sayt bor.

Yangi daryo eslatmalari

2013 yil 6 yanvar

New River Notes, Shimoliy Karolina va Virjiniya shtatining Yangi daryo vodiysi uchun etakchi genealogik manba, bugun o'zining yangi ko'rinadigan veb -saytini ishga tushirdi.

Yangi daryo eslatmalari dastlab 1998 yilda Jeffri C. Uiver tomonidan ishga tushirilgan va Nyu -River vodiysining tadqiqotchilariga yangi ma'lumotlar boyligini taqdim etgan va bu an'anani bugun Grayson okrugi, Virjiniya merosi jamg'armasi, Inc.

Xush kelibsiz va bizning yangi qiyofamiz sizga yoqadi degan umiddamiz.

Jeyms Lyuis Erta, MD

Judy Hoover tomonidan yuborilgan, Marion Virjiniya, 2003 yil 19 fevral

"Jeyms Lui Erta, MD, ham shifokor, ham jarroh, ham Saltvilning Birinchi Milliy bankining vitse-prezidenti sifatida doktor Djeyms Lui Ermish Smit okrugining taniqli odamlaridan biri bo'lib, hech kim uni hurmat qilmaydi. Doktor Erli 1876 yil 14 sentyabrda Virjiniya shtatining Keroll okrugi Vudlaun shahrida tug'ilgan, Uilyam Kenni Erlining o'g'li va 1806 yilda Virjiniya shtatining Vayt okrugida tug'ilgan Jeyms U. Ervining nabirasi vafot etgan. 1889 yilda Virjiniya shtati, Keroll okrugi, Xillsvill yaqinida, Vit va Kerol grafliklarida ham fermer, ham savdogar bo'lib, har ikkala chaqiruvda ham keng ko'lamli ish olib borgan. Hillsvill yaqinida vafot etgan Keroll okrugining tug'ilgan fuqarosi. Ikkinchi xotini Jeyms Uvl. Miss Strasga uylangan, u Hillsvill yaqinida vafot etgan Pulaski okrugida tug'ilgan. kunlar.

"Uilyam Kenni Erli 1847 yilda Virjiniya shtatining Kerol okrugida tug'ilgan va hozir u Virjiniya shtatining Galax shahrida istiqomat qiladi. Faqat o'n olti yoshida u Kerroll okrugidan Konfederatsiya armiyasiga qo'shilgan va urush tugagunga qadar xizmat qilgan. otliq askarlar. Urush tugagandan so'ng u Virjiniya shtatining Salem shahridagi Roanok kollejiga o'qishga kirdi va uni tugatdi, keyin Kerrol okrugining dehqoni bo'ldi va 1908 yilgacha o'z hududida yashashni davom ettirdi. "Galax" dagi yog'och, va bu biznes bilan hali ham faol shug'ullanadi. Siyosatda u demokrat. Presviterian cherkovi uzoq vaqtdan beri a'zo bo'lib kelgan va hozir oqsoqol. U Virjiniya shtatining Salem shahrida tug'ilgan Meri Luiza Beloga uylangan. 1853 yilda ular quyidagi bolalarning ota -onalari bo'lishdi: Galaxda yashovchi Jorj B. hozir otasi bilan yog'ochchilik bilan shug'ullanadi, lekin 1908 yilgacha yigirma yil davomida Newport News Ship Building & amp Dry Dock kompaniyasida bo'lgan. Kompaniya doktori Erta, wh u ikkinchi bola edi: Charlz Uilyam, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -dengiz kuchlari qo'mondoni, Jahon urushi paytida xizmatning ushbu bo'limida xizmat qilgan va Annapolis, Merilend va Garri Edvarddagi Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -dengiz akademiyasini bitirgan. Galaxdagi Appalachian Power Company ishida elektr muhandisi.

"Doktor Erkol Kerrol okrugining xususiy va davlat maktablarida va 1895 yilda tugatgan Woodlawn Oddiy Institutida o'qidi. Bir yil u uyda qoldi, keyin tibbiyot universitetining Richmond kollejida doktorlik faoliyatini boshladi. U 1901 yilda tibbiyot fanlari doktori ilmiy darajasini oldi va o'z kasbini Virjiniya shtatining Vudlaun shahrida boshladi. Uning amaliyotiga Galaks ham kirgan va u o'sha joyda ikki yil jarroh etib tayinlangan. Tennessi shtatining Ervin shahridagi Karolina, Klinchfild va Ogayo temir yo'llari uchun va bu lavozimni o'n sakkiz oy mobaynida egallab turgan yo'l shu hudud orqali qurilgan edi.1905 yilda u Saltvilga keldi va shu paytgacha keng va daromadli binolarni qurdi. U bosh shifokor va Saltvildagi Mathieson Alkali Works kompaniyasining jarrohi, Norfold & Western Western Railroad kompaniyasining mahalliy jarrog'i, Saltvil shahar kengashi a'zosi va vitse -mer. e Rich Valley tuman sog'liqni saqlash kengashiga tegishli, vitse -prezident va Saltvilning Birinchi Milliy bankining direktori, Ranokning Mountain Trust bankida direktor va boshqa hollarda mahalliy korxonalarga qiziqadi. Masonluqda yaxshi tanilgan, u 227 -sonli Uilyam King Lojiga tegishli, Qadimgi erkin va qabul qilingan masonlar Mason Lin 9 -sonli qo'mondonlik, Templar ritsarlari, Marion, Virjiniya va Acca ibodatxonasi, Qadimgi arab orkestri mistik ziyoratgohi, Richmond. U, shuningdek, 111 -sonli Xolston Lodge, Odd Fellows mustaqil ordeni, Saltville Roanoke Lodge, Elksning xayrli va himoya ordeni, janubi -g'arbiy Virjiniya tibbiyot jamiyati, Smits County tibbiyot jamiyati prezidenti, u prezident. Virjiniya janubiy tibbiyot assotsiatsiyasi, Amerika tibbiyot assotsiatsiyasi va Norfolk va G'arbiy temir yo'l jarrohlari uyushmasi. Presviterian, u hozir Saltvil Presviterian cherkoviga oqsoqol bo'lib xizmat qilmoqda. Jahon urushi paytida u Smit va Grayson grafliklari komissiyasi raisi bo'lgan va o'z ishini bajarish uchun ko'p vaqt ajratgan.

"1910 yil 29 -iyun kuni Doktor Erkak Virjiniya shtatining Radford shahrida yashovchi doktor Uilyam A. va Meri (Miller) Uilsonning qizi, Miss Melita Rorer Uilsonga uylandi. U erdagi shifokor. Farmvill shahridagi oddiy maktab. Doktor va Erkin xonimning farzandlari yo'q.


Lyuis Jeyms

Lyuis Jeyms Jeyms (1892 yil 27 -iyul - 1959 -yil 19 -fevral) vokalchi va 1917 yildan 1930 -yillarning ko'pigacha Qo'shma Shtatlarda ovoz yozgan rassomlarning eng faollaridan biri edi. [1] U The Shannon Four, The Revelers va The Criterion Trio a'zosi bo'lgan. Bu vaqt ichida u "Mening o'g'lim", "Yana uchrashgunimizcha", "Men nima qilaman", "Yolg'iz)" va "Mening beshikli kunlarim" singari ko'plab Top -xitlarga ega edi. [1]

U 1892 yil 27 -iyulda Michigan shtatining Scio shahrida tug'ilgan. [1]

U yakkaxon, duet sherigi va kvartetning asosiy qo'shiqchisi sifatida ko'p yozgan. Uning Shannon Four (aka Shannon kvarteti) bilan birinchi yozuvi Birinchi Jahon urushi kashtanidir, "Hammasi bortda uy uchun shirin uy". Ko'p hamkasblari singari, u ham sevgi balladalarini, madhiyalarini, bolalar qo'shiqlarini va bir qancha Evropaga gastrol safarlarini muvaffaqiyatli o'tkazgan "Revelers" ning erta jazz harmoniyalarini yozishda juda ko'p qirrali ekanligini isbotladi. Shannon Four, Revelers, Crescent Trio va Merrymakerlar asosan bir xil qo'shiqchilardan iborat bo'lib, vaqti -vaqti bilan o'rinbosarlar bilan almashishardi. Uning shirin ohangdor tenori Viktor, Kolumbiya va Edison yozuvlarida abadiy saqlanadi, asosan 1917 yildan 1927 yilgacha. [1]


Kraft, Jeyms Lyuis

Kraft, Jeyms Lyuis (11 noyabr 1874–162 fevral 1953), tadbirkor va ixtirochi, Kanadaning Ontario shtatidagi Fort Erida tug'ilgan, fermerlar Jorj Franklin Krafft va Minerva Elis Trippning o'g'li. Uning familiyasi imlosi qachon o'zgargani noma'lum. Kraft qattiq mehnat va qat'iy intizom bilan ajralib turadigan qattiq mennonit muhitida o'sgan. O'rta maktabni tugatgach, u fermani tark etib, Fort -Eridagi umumiy do'konida sotuvchi bo'lib ishlagan. 1903 yilda u Nyu -Yorkning Buffalo shahriga ko'chib o'tdi, u erda tijorat kollejida farrosh bo'lib ishlagan va tuxum, pishloq va muz sotgan. Keyingi yili u Chikagoga ko'chib o'tdi va u erda umrining oxirigacha qoldi. U 1911 yilda fuqarolikka qabul qilindi.

Kraft entered the cheese business in Chicago by purchasing it in bulk from wholesalers and delivering it in small quantities to local grocers packaged in tinfoil and glass jars. He thus spared grocers the daily loss incurred by slicing and discarding dried cheese from the large cheese wheels that were exposed to the air. After an initial setback the business began to prosper, and four of his brothers joined him in forming J. L. Kraft and Brothers in 1909.

Kraft pursued an aggressive program of expansion and innovation that characterized his career. He mailed circulars to retail grocers and advertised on billboards and on elevated trains. Anticipating growth beyond Chicago he opened an office in New York City in 1912, looking toward overseas business. He expanded his line of cheeses to thirty-one varieties and opened his own cheese factory.

Although packaging extended the shelf life of cheese, spoilage remained a problem during hot summer months, especially in the South. Kraft solved this problem in 1916, after extensive experimentation, by patenting a method that ground, blended, and pasteurized cheese, which he then sold in four-ounce tin packages. The U.S. armed forces bought six million pounds of his canned cheese during World War I, contributing to the firm’s $6 million in sales in 1917—the year he incorporated the business.

After the war Kraft continued to expand and innovate. He first utilized color advertisements in national magazines in 1919. The following year he purchased a Canadian cheese company, and by the end of the decade he had opened sales offices in Britain and Germany. His ongoing focus on research resulted by 1922 in several additional patents for cheese processing. Although he was subsequently forced to share certain rights with rival Phenix Cheese Company, the terms of the patents were generally quite favorable to him. By mid-decade Kraft had established the world’s largest laboratory devoted solely to cheese research. A product of this research was the famous five-pound cheese loaf, wrapped in foil and inserted into a wooden box. In 1924—the year the firm’s name changed to Kraft Cheese Company—James Kraft hired a home economist to set up a test kitchen to originate recipes and experiment with new products.

Kraft also expanded in the 1920s by purchasing more than fifty dairies. In 1928 Kraft merged with Phenix Cheese Company to form the Kraft-Phenix Cheese Company. Phenix contributed the famous Philadelphia Cream Cheese to the product line. The merged firm employed 10,000 people in thirty states and four foreign countries and accounted for about a third of all domestically sold cheese. Three years later Kraft-Phenix was purchased by National Dairy Products Company, a holding company formed in 1923 that within ten years had directly acquired 194 dairies. Thus within a decade the dairy industry became an oligopoly. National Dairy’s largest competitors were the Bordon Company and Beatrice Creamery (Meadow Gold Butter). Kraft-Phenix remained a fairly autonomous subsidiary of National Dairy, leaving James Kraft in charge.

The depression failed to thwart Kraft’s policies. He continued aggressive advertising in 1933 by announcing the largest advertising budget in the firm’s history. Part of that budget went to launching the “Kraft Musical Review” on radio, later renamed “Kraft Music Hall” and hosted by crooner Bing Crosby . A stream of new products well suited to depressed household budgets emerged from research, beginning with Velveeta in 1928 and followed by Miracle Whip (1933), Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Dinner (1936), and Parkay Margarine (1937). Furthermore, the firm had expanded its products to include salad dressing, caramels, marshmallows, and ice cream toppings. The company changed its name in 1945 to Kraft Foods to reflect this product mix.

The federal government, which unsuccessfully sought on several occasions in the 1930s to prove Kraft-Phenix and other large dairies guilty of price-fixing, once again became a major purchaser of Kraft cheese for field rations during World War II. Following the war Kraft presided over the firm’s ongoing growth and development. In 1947 he sponsored “Kraft Television Theater,” one of the medium’s first major programs. New Kraft products came to market, such as processed cheese slices in 1949 and a processed cheese spread called Cheez Whiz in 1952. A year earlier Kraft had retired as chairman of the board and was succeeded by his brother John.

James Kraft remained devoutly religious throughout his life, ascribing his business success to God’s help. He joined North Shore Baptist Church in Chicago, where he served as Sunday school superintendent for forty years. A trustee of Northern Baptist Theological Seminary, he underwrote many a clergyman’s education. His employee communications were interspersed with religious texts. Although he sponsored radio and later television programs, he was skeptical of their humor.

Kraft’s major hobby was the collection of jade. He set up a lapidary workshop in his home, where he made rings for meritorious employees until the number of such employees forced him to turn to professional jewelers. His interest and expertise as a collector led him to write Adventures in Jade in 1947. Kraft received numerous honors, including several honorary doctorates and the Gutenberg Award of the Chicago Bible Society in 1952. He married Pauline Elizabeth Platt of Chicago in 1910 they had one daughter. He died in Chicago.

James L. Kraft helped revolutionize the manufacture and distribution of cheese and cheese products. Innovations in processing, aided by refrigeration in the 1920s, made cheese available year-round. Packaging cheese extended its shelf life, improved its handling hygienically, and allowed Kraft to use brand names in advertising in print and on radio and television. Ongoing research and development led to new products and product lines. Per capita consumption of cheese increased 50 percent between 1918 and 1945, due in part to Kraft’s efforts. His career mirrored many of the major business trends of that period.

Bibliografiya

Kraft is included in Joseph T. Fucini and Suzi Fucini, Tadbirkorlar (1985) Milton Moscowitz et al., Everybody’s Business: A Field Guide to the 400 Leading Companies in America (1990) and John N. Ingham, ed., Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders (1983). Arthur L. Baum, “Man with a Horse and Wagon,” Shanba oqshomi, 17 Feb. 1945, provides a personal look at Kraft. For information about the company after Kraft’s death, see Thomas Derdak, ed., International Directory of Company Histories (1990), and the company-sponsored Kraft through the Years (1988). Obituaries are in the Chikago Tribunasi va New York Times, both 17 Feb. 1953.


James Lewis (1832/33-1914)

James Lewis was born free on September 11 in either 1832 or 1833 in Woodville, Mississippi. Early in his life, he worked on steamboats that traveled between New Orleans and St. Louis. Later in life, Lewis recalled how he would use passes issued to him as a cabin boy to help enslaved people to escape North.

At the beginning of the Civil War, Lewis was a steward on a Confederate transport steamer. After hearing about the Emancipation Proclamation, he in 1863 traveled to Union-occupied New Orleans and got permission to recruit African American men into the Union Army. Lewis was appointed captain of one of the companies that he had raised but resigned his commission in 1864 when Union General Nathaniel Banks began the process of purging Black officers in Louisiana from the Army.

In 1865 Lewis began working for the Freedmen’s Bureau opening schools. He then joined the New Orleans police force, reaching the rank of captain within a year. In 1870, he won election as administrator of the police force and two years later he defeated former Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard in an election for the position of administrator of public improvements for New Orleans.

Lewis was a strident voice for the rights of African Americans and maintained this stance even as Reconstruction was under attack. When Democrats sought to create a coalition with southern Black Republicans in 1873, Lewis came together with other prominent African Americans to declare that “unification” would only happen when Black people were given full recognition of their civil and political rights.

Even after Reconstruction ended in Louisiana, Lewis continued to be a force in state Republican Party politics. He was a regular delegate to the Republican National Conventions of that era and he regularly received patronage appointments from Republican presidents. When Rutherford B. Hayes became president in 1877, he appointed Lewis as the Naval Officer at the Port of New Orleans in 1877, an office he held until 1880.

Lewis was appointed U.S. Surveyor General in Louisiana under President Chester A. Arthur and then held the position again under presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Lewis also held the position of Inspector of Immigration in New Orleans during Benjamin Harrison’s presidency.

Lewis took great pride in his Civil War service. When the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), the leading organization for Union Civil War veterans, refused to admit African American veterans, Lewis pushed for admission for himself and for the thousands of other Louisiana black soldiers who had served in the Union Army during the Civil War. In 1890, African American soldiers in Louisiana were finally given the right to organize their own chapter. Lewis served as Department Commander of the GAR for Louisiana and Mississippi.

Lewis died on July 11, 1914 at the age of 80 or 81. He was buried in the family plot at Greenwood Cemetery in New Orleans.


William F. Powell, a late 19th Century politician, was born in Troy, New York on June 26, 1848. When he was young, his family moved to New York City where he attended public schools. Powell had a diverse education as a young man. He attended &hellip Read More William F. Powell (1848-1920)

Politician and educator Judson W. Lyons was born on August 15, 1858 in Burke County, Georgia. In 1871, his family moved to Augusta, Georgia where Lyons was educated at the Augusta Institute. Lyons got involved in Republican Party politics as a young man, being selected &hellip Read More Judson W. Lyons (1858-1924)


James Lewis

James Lewis was a grandson of Colonel Robert Lewis of "Belvoir," and an own cousin of Meriwether Lewis. He went to Kentucky with Daniel Boone, whose niece he married. They had twelve children. He was born September 6, 1767, and was probably the son of Robert Lewis of Granville Co., North Carolina. Records are not complete on three of the daughters of Robert of Belvoir, Ann, Mildred and Sarah, all of whom married men by the name of Lewis, and James may have been a son of one of these.

Somewhere in the Northwest part of North Carolina James met and married Ann Elizabeth Stewart, who was born February 25, 1770. They sometimes spelled the name Stuart. They lived in Wilkes County. Ann was the youngest daughter of John Stewart and his wife Hannah Boone, youngest daughter of Squire Boone and a sister of Daniel Boone. At least one of his children, the oldest, William, born a year after the marriage of James, while they were still in North Carolina, died on a farm he had settled on in California in 1853. Thus it seems that this child crossed the entire continent before the days of transcontinental railroads. Another member of the Lewis family also performed this feat, Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition. James and his family lived on land Southeast of Rocheport (Boone County), Missouri, known as Terrapius Neck from 1817 to 1820. Their children were: William, born September 27, 1787 Jessie born April 09, 1790 Ann, born February 27, 1792 Gideon, born September 27, 1795 Joshua, born November 26, 1797 Stewart, born May 29, 1800 Daniel, born January 02, 1802 Byrum, born August 15, 1804 Polly, born November 16, 1806 James, born November 12, 1808 Isaac, born January 29, 1811 and Elizabeth, born October 10, 1813.

James moved from North Carolina to Barren County, Kentucky, where his younger children were born. Between 1816 and 1825 they lived in Crawford Co., Indiana, St. Charles, Boone and Jackson Counties, Missouri. They had only a short stay in St. Charles County for the purpose of visiting Daniel Boone and family. James died early in the forties and both he and wife Elizabeth are buried in an old burying ground on the farm of Mr. Elliott near Platte City, Missouri.


Lewis History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The proud Lewis surname is from the personal name Lewis, an Anglicized form of the Welsh name Llewellyn. This name is often explained as meaning "lion-like," but is in fact probably derived from the Welsh word "llyw," which means "leader." Alternatively, the name Lewis is also an Anglo-French form of the Old Frankish name Hludwig, which means "loud battle."

4 ta qahva krujkasi va kalit taqinchoqlar to'plami

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Early Origins of the Lewis family

The surname Lewis was first found in Glamorganshire (Welsh: Sir Forgannwg), a region of South Wales, anciently part of the Welsh kingdom of Glywysing, where the family held a seat from ancient times.

Gerb va familiyalar tarixi to'plami

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Early History of the Lewis family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lewis research. Another 119 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1598, 1677, 1640, 1677, 1625, 1661, 1660, 1627, 1706, 1616, 1679, 1664, 1699, 1690, 1650, 1674, 1669, 1675 and are included under the topic Early Lewis History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Uniseks gerbi qalpoqli kozok

Lewis Spelling Variations

The Welsh have an extremely large amount of spelling variations of their native surnames to their credit. It was up to the priest or the scribe taking the official records to determine how the spoken name was to be made literal. As time progressed, the old Brythonic names of Wales were recorded in English, which was especially problematic since the English language had extreme difficulty recording the highly inflected sounds of Cymraeg. Spelling variations were, however, also carried out according to an individual's design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The spelling variations of the name Lewis have included Lewis, Lewiss, Lewess, Lews, Llewys, Llewis, Lewwis, Llewess and many more.

Early Notables of the Lewis family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Sir William Lewis, 1st Baronet (1598-1677), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1677 William Lewis (1625-1661), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660 Richard Lewis (c 1627-1706), an English landowner and.
Another 54 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lewis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Lewis family to Ireland

Some of the Lewis family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Ularning Irlandiyadagi hayoti haqida yana 57 ta so'z (4 qatorli matn) PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlariga va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarga kiritilgan.

Lewis migration +

Bu familiyaning birinchi ko'chmanchilaridan ba'zilari:

Lewis Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Roger Lewis, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [1]
  • Edm Lewis, who landed in New England in 1634 [1]
  • Edmond Lewis, aged 33, who arrived in America in 1634 [1]
  • Ed Lewis, who landed in New England in 1634 [1]
  • John Lewis, who landed in New England in 1634 [1]
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)
Lewis Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Francis Lewis, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [1]
  • Xto Lewis, who landed in Virginia in 1706 [1]
  • Ellis Lewis, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1708 [1]
  • Ellis Lewis, who settled in Kennett, Pennsylvania in 1708
  • Jone Lewis, who arrived in Virginia in 1719 [1]
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)
Lewis Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Ruhard Lewis, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1802 [1]
  • Susan Lewis, aged 36, who landed in Delaware in 1803 [1]
  • Andw Lewis, aged 20, who landed in Delaware in 1803 [1]
  • Fanny Lewis, aged 70, who landed in Delaware in 1803 [1]
  • Fanny, Lewis Jr., aged 15, who landed in Delaware in 1803 [1]
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)
Lewis Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • William J Lewis, who arrived in Arkansas in 1901 [1]
  • Harold S Lewis, who landed in Colorado in 1903 [1]
  • Nathaniel Lewis, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1905 [1]
  • Leonard Gaetz Lewis, who arrived in Alabama in 1913 [1]

Lewis migration to Canada +

Bu familiyaning birinchi ko'chmanchilaridan ba'zilari:

Lewis Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • David Lewis, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • John Lewis, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Martha Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mary Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)
Lewis Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Isaac Lewis, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • Eleazar Lewis, who arrived in Canada in 1829
  • Elizabeth Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1832
  • Joseph Lewis, aged 27, a chordwinder, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Alchymist" from Falmouth, Cornwall, England
  • John Lewis, aged 25, a currier, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Hibernia" from Kinsale, Ireland
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)

Lewis migration to Australia +

Avstraliyaga muhojirlik mahkumlar, savdogarlar va erta ko'chmanchilarning birinchi flotini kuzatdi. Dastlabki muhojirlarga quyidagilar kiradi:

Lewis Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Lewis, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years , transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[2]
Lewis Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Lewis, British convict who was convicted in Cardigan, Ceredigion, Wales for life, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[3]
  • William Lewis, English convict from Shropshire, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia[4]
  • Mr. William Lewis, (Jones), English convict who was convicted in Somerset, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 16th January 1816, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • James Lewis, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia[6]
  • Charles Lewis, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia[7]
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)

Lewis migration to New Zealand +

Yangi Zelandiyaga muhojirlik kapitan Kuk (1769-70) kabi evropalik tadqiqotchilarning izidan bordi: birinchi bo'lib muhrlar, kit ovchilar, missionerlar va savdogarlar keldi. 1838 yilga kelib, Britaniya Yangi Zelandiya kompaniyasi maori qabilalaridan er sotib olib, uni ko'chmanchilarga sotishni boshladi va 1840 yildagi Vaitangi shartnomasidan so'ng, ko'plab ingliz oilalari Britaniyadan Aotearoaga 6 oylik mashaqqatli yo'lni boshlashdi. yangi hayot. Dastlabki muhojirlarga quyidagilar kiradi:

Lewis Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Francis Charles Lewis, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • J Lewis, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental
  • John Henry Lewis, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Benjamin Lewis, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • David Lewis, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental
  • . (Ko'proq PDF kengaytirilgan tarixining barcha mahsulotlarida va iloji boricha bosma mahsulotlarda mavjud.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Lewis (post 1700) +

  • Sir William Arthur Lewis (1915-1991), Saint Lucian economist, winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Economics becoming the first black person to win a Nobel Prize in a category other than peace
  • John Llewellyn Lewis (1880-1969), American Labour leader and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Jerry Lewis (1926-2017), born Joseph or Jerome Levitch, an American actor, comedian, singer, film producer, film director, screenwriter, and humanitarian, famous for his partnership with Dean Martin and later his live Labor Day weekend broadcast of the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon for 44 years, known as The King of Comedy
  • John Robert Lewis (1940-2020), American civil rights leader and politician, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Mr. David Byron Lewis C.V.O. (b. 1945), born in Swansea, Wales, Welsh Lord-Lieutenant of West Glamorgan, was appointed Commander of the Royal Victorian Order on 29th December 2018 [8]
  • Robyn Léwis (1929-2019), Welsh author, politician and former archdruid, Vice President of Plaid Cymru (1970�)
  • David Edward Lewis (1866-1941), Welsh businessman and philanthropist
  • Richard Lewis (1807-1831), better known as Dic Penderyn, Welsh labourer and coal miner who was hanged for his involvement in the Merthyr Rising, later believed to be innocent, martyred across Britain
  • Sir Thomas Lewis (1881-1945), Welsh cardiologist
  • Saunders Lewis (1893-1985), Welsh poet, dramatist, historian, literary critic
  • . (Another 69 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Lewis family +

Air New Zealand reysi 901
  • Mr. James Charles Lewis (1959-1979), New Zealander Fight Steward, from Auckland, New Zealand working aboard the Air New Zealand sightseeing Flight 901 when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [9]
Irlandiya imperatori
  • Mr. Charles Lewis, British Chief 3rd Class Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [10]
  • Mr. John Lewis, British Assistant Cook from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [10]
  • Mr. Henry Lewis, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [10]
Hillsborough disaster
  • Carl David Lewis (1970-1989), English football supporter who was attending the FA Cup semi-final at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, Yorkshire when the stand allocated area became overcrowded and 96 people were crushed in what became known as the Hillsborough disaster and he died from his injuries [11]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Leslie Raymond Lewis (1917-1941), Australian Acting Leading Seaman from Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Desmond Henry Lewis (1915-1941), Australian Bandsman from Milsons Point, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Ambrose Henry Lewis (1901-1941), Australian Stoker Petty Officer from Moore Park, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Cornwall
  • Joseph Lewis (d. 1942), British Supply Chief Petty Officer aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk he died in the sinking [13]
HMS qopqog'i
  • Mr. Thomas Lewis (b. 1915), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Seaham Harbour, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Michael E Lewis (b. 1906), English Stoker Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Fulham, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Edward P S Lewis (b. 1911), Scottish Lieutenant serving for the Royal Navy from Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Alfred G Lewis (b. 1915), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Southampton, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Ronald John Lewis, British Canteen Assistant, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [15]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Edward G Lewis, British Yeoman of Signals, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Edward A Lewis, British Stoker Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [16]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Donald James Lewis (1922-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he died in the sinking [17]
  • Clifford Ernest Lewis (1920-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he died in the sinking [17]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Joseph Lewis, English Trimmer from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [18]
  • Mr. F. Lewis, English Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Fred Lewis, English Second Waiter from Bolton, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. John Idwal Lewis, English Senior Third Officer from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Isaac John Lewis, American 2nd Class passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [19]
  • . (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Arthur Ernest Lewis, aged 27, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15 [20]
SS Alcoa Puritan
  • J.R. Lewis, American Boatswain from New Orleans, Louisiana, who was working aboard the SS Alcoa Puritan traveling from Port of Spain, Trinidad to Mobile, Alabama when it was torpedoed by U-boat U-507 he survived the sinking [21]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. William E. Lewis, American Lieutenant Junior Grade (Medical Corps) working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Wayne Alman Lewis, American Carpenter's Mate Third Class from South Carolina, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [22]

Tegishli hikoyalar +

The Lewis Motto +

Shiori dastlab urush nidosi yoki shiori edi. Moto birinchi marta 14-15 -asrlarda qurol bilan namoyish etila boshlangan, lekin 17 -asrga qadar umuman ishlatilmagan. Shunday qilib, eng qadimgi gerblar shiorni o'z ichiga olmaydi. Kamdan kam hollarda qurol -yarog 'berilishining bir qismini tashkil qiladi: aksariyat geraldik hokimiyatlar ostida shior gerbning ixtiyoriy qismidir va ko'p oilalar o'z xohishlariga ko'ra shiorni ko'rsatmaslikni xohlagan tarzda qo'shilishi yoki o'zgartirilishi mumkin.

Shiori: Patriae fidus
Shiori tarjimasi: Faithful to my country.


About Lewis [ edit | manbani tahrirlash]

Lewis is a detective drama series, which ran from 2006 to 2015. A spin-off from Inspector Morse, the show follows Oxfordshire Police detectives Robert Lewis and James Hathaway through the idyllic city of Oxford, as they try to solve murders and catch the malicious culprit that committed the crime.

Kevin Whately stars as DI Robert Lewis, who was previously a sergeant in the Inspector Morse series. He is a widower, after it was revealed that his wife, Valerie, was killed in a hit-and-run accident, back in December 2002. He is the father of two children, Lyn and Ken, who both live away from Oxford. Through Lyn, he has a son-in-law named Tim and a grandson called Jack. Lewis returns to Oxford in 2006, after being away on attachment for two years in the British Virgin Islands. He is immediately assigned to Chief Superintendent Jean Innocent, as well as being appointed as the senior officer to DS James Hathaway. Lewis retires from his policing career in 2013, during which he has begun a relationship with forensic pathologist Laura Hobson. He leaves to spend more time with his family and Laura, but a year later, he jumps at the chance of returning, when Innocent offers him a one-year contract to support Hathaway, who is now a detective inspector himself.

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