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81 -jangchilar guruhi

81 -jangchilar guruhi


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81 -jangchilar guruhi

Tarix - - Samolyotlar - Vaqt chizig'i - Qo'mondonlar - Asosiy tayanchlar - Komponent birliklari - Tayinlangan

Tarix

81 -jangchi guruhi Ittifoqchilarning Shimoliy Afrikaga hujumini "Mash'al" operatsiyasini qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun ajratilgan bo'linmalardan biri edi. Echelon guruhi 1942 yil 8 -noyabrda qo'ndi, lekin samolyotlar va uchuvchilar yil oxirigacha kela olmadilar va guruh 1943 yil yanvarigacha xizmatga kirmadi.

Guruh Tunisdagi quruqlikdagi qo'shinlarni qo'llab -quvvatlashdan boshlandi. 1943 yil aprel va iyul oylari orasida u P-39 samolyotlaridan Afrika qirg'oqlarida patrullik qilish uchun foydalangan. Bu davrda u Pantelleriya va Sitsiliya bosqinlarini himoya qildi. 1944 yil yanvar oyida u Hindistonga ko'chirilishidan oldin Anzio kampaniyasining dastlabki bosqichlarida qatnashdi.

Guruh 1944 yil martgacha Hindistonga etib keldi, u erda P-39larini P-40 Warhawks va P-47 Thunderboltsga almashtirdi. Yangi samolyot bilan mashg'ulotlardan so'ng, guruh o'n to'rtinchi havo kuchlariga qo'shilib, Xitoyga ko'chib o'tdi. U erda u turli xil rollarni o'ynadi, ular orasida Xitoy armiyasini qo'llab -quvvatlash va Xitoydan kelgan bombardimonchi guruhlarni qiruvchi eskort bilan ta'minlash.

Samolyotlar

Bell P-39 Airacobra: 1942-1944
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk va Republic P-47 Thunderbolt: 1944-1945

Vaqt chizig'i

1942 yil 13 yanvar81 -Pursuit Group (Interceptor) sifatida tuzilgan.
1942 yil 9 fevralFaollashtirildi
1942 yil may81 -jangchilar guruhi qayta tuzildi
1942 yil oktyabr-1943 yil fevralShimoliy Afrikaga ko'chib o'tdi
1943 yil yanvar-1944 yil fevralO'n ikkinchi havo kuchlari, Shimoliy Afrika va Italiya bilan faol
1944 yil fevral-mayHindistonda trening
1944 yil may-1945 yil dekabrO'n to'rtinchi havo kuchlari, Xitoy

Qo'mondonlar (tayinlangan sana bilan)

Kapitan Garri E Hammond: 1942 yil 5 may
Kapitan Jon D Byurosi: 1942 yil 10 may
Podpolkovnik Pol M. Jeykobs: 1942 yil 22 may
Podpolkovnik Kennet S Veyd: 1942 yil iyul
Polkovnik Filipp B Klein: 1943 yil may
Podpolkovnik Maykl J Gordon: 1943 yil 2 -iyul
Mayor Frederik S Xanson: 1943 yil 15 -iyul
Polkovnik Filipp B Klein: 1943 yil 26 -avgust
Podpolkovnik Fred G Xuk, kichik: 1944 yil 27 sentyabr
Polkovnik Oliver G Cellini: 1944 yil 24 oktyabr

Asosiy asoslar

Morris Fild, Shimoliy Karolina: 9 fevral 1942 yil
Deyl Mabri Fild, Florida: 1942 yil may
Murok, Kaliforniya: 1942 yil 28 iyun-2 oktyabr
Mediouna, Frantsiya Marokash: 1943 yil 5 yanvar
Thelepte, Tunis: 1943 yil 22 -yanvar
Le Kouif, Jazoir: 1943 yil 17 fevral
Youks-les-Bain, Jazoir: 1943 yil 22-fevral
Le Kouif, Jazoir: 1943 yil 24 -fevral
Thelepte, Tunis: 1943 yil mart
Jazoir: 1493 yil 3 aprel
Monastir, Tunis: 25 may 1943 yil
Sidi Ahmad, Tunis: 1943 yil 10 -avgust
Castelvetrano, Sitsiliya: 1943 yil 12 oktyabr
Montocorvino, Italiya: 1944 yil fevral
Karachi, 1944 yil mart
Kvangxam, Xitoy: 1944 yil 12 may
Fungvansham, Xitoy: 1945 yil fevral
Xuxsien, Xitoy: 1945 yil avgust-dekabr

Komponent birliklari

91-jangchi otryadi: 1942-1945 yillar
92-qiruvchi eskadron: 1942-1945
93-qiruvchi eskadron: 1942-1945

Kimga tayinlangan

1942: 7 -qiruvchi qanoti (keyinchalik 47 -bombardimon qanoti); XII taktik havo qo'mondonligi; O'n ikkinchi havo kuchlari
1943 yil yanvar-1944 yil fevral: 62-qiruvchi qanot; XII qiruvchi qo'mondonligi; O'n ikkinchi havo kuchlari
1944 yil may-1945 yil dekabr: 312-qiruvchi qanot; O'n to'rtinchi havo kuchlari:
1946-1947: 7-jangchi qanoti; Ettinchi havo kuchlari (Gavayi)


81 -jangchilar guruhi - tarix

Chak Vrobel tomonidan 81 -yillarning tarixi

Bu tarixchini olomon orasidan tanlab olishingiz uchun, bu erda quvnoq Chak Vrobelning rasmlari. Chapdagi rasmdan ko'rinib turibdiki, u 50 yildan ortiq tabassum qilmoqda!

Chakning malakali (?) Oshpaz ekaniga va o'sha paytda tabassum qilganiga (?) Dalil sifatida buni tekshirib ko'ring:

Bu 81 -pin Vashingtondagi Muso Leykdan USNS Maurise Rouzda, RAF Bentuoterga, l951 yil 29 avgustda suzib keldi. Bu 81 -chi asosiy guruhning katta suzishi edi, shuning uchun o'sha Yanklar qiziqish uyg'otdi. Mening qo'limda hali ham pin bor.

SAVOL:
Bu PIN kod nima, AF tasdiqlanganmi? Hech kim bu haqda biror narsa biladimi? Mening aloqalarim shu kungacha Shepherds Grove -da 81 -chi cho'qqisidan boshqa hech kimdan nibble olmagan (quyida tasvirlangan). Hurmat bilan, Charlz

Kitobda 81 -yillarning tarixi haqida batafsil ma'lumotning muqobil manbasini marhum Stu Stabli topishi mumkin.

1948 yil 15 aprelda 81 -jangchi qanoti sifatida tashkil etilgan.
1948 yil 1 mayda faollashtirilgan.
1950 yil 20-yanvarda 81-qiruvchi-tutuvchi qanot qayta tuzildi
1954 yil 1 aprelda 81-qiruvchi-bombardimon qanoti qayta ishlandi
1958 yil 8 -iyulda 81 -taktik qiruvchi qanot qayta tuzildi.
1993 yil 1 -iyulda o'chirilgan.
1993 yil 1 -iyulda 81 -mashg'ulot qanoti qayta ishlandi va ishga tushirildi.

7 -havo diviziyasi, 1948 yil 1 may
Tinch okean havo qo'mondonligi, 1948 yil 3 sentyabr
O'n ikkinchi havo kuchlari, 1949 yil 21 may (G'arbiy havo mudofaasi kuchlariga biriktirilgan, 1949 yil 10 noyabr)
To'rtinchi havo kuchlari, 1950 yil 1 aprel (1950 yil 1 avgustgacha G'arbiy havo mudofaasi kuchlari tarkibiga qo'shilgan)
G'arbiy havo mudofaasi kuchlari, 1950 yil 1 avgust (Uchinchi havo kuchlariga biriktirilgan, 1951 yil 5-8 sentyabr)
Uchinchi havo kuchlari, 1951 yil 9-sentabr (49-havo bo'linmasiga biriktirilgan, Operatsion [keyinchalik 49-havo bo'linmasi (operatsion)], 1954 yil 1-mart-1956-yil iyul)
O'n ettinchi havo kuchlari, 1961 yil 1 -iyul
Uchinchi havo kuchlari, 1963 yil 1 sentyabr-1993 yil iyul
Ikkinchi havo kuchlari, 1993 yil 1-iyul.

Guruh:
81 -guruh:
81st: 1948 yil 1 may - 1955 yil 8 fevral.

Otryadlar:
78 -chi: biriktirilgan c. 1954 yil 22 aprel-1955 yil fevral, tayinlangan: 8 fevral 1955-1992 yil may.
91 -chi: biriktirilgan c. 1954 yil 22 aprel-1955 yil fevral, tayinlangan: 8 fevral 1955-14 avgust 1992 yil.
92 -chi: biriktirilgan c. 1954 yil 22 apreldan 1955 yil fevralgacha, 1955 yil 8 fevraldan 1993 yil 31 martgacha tayinlangan.
116-chi: 1951 yil 10-fevraldan 9-avgustgacha (81-chi Fighter-Interceptor guruhiga biriktirilgan).
509th: 1979 yil 1 oktyabr- 1988 yil 1 iyun.
510: 1978 yil 1 oktyabr-1992 yil oktyabr.
511th: 1980 yil 1 yanvar-1988 yil sentyabr.
527-tajovuzkor: 14-iyul 1988-30-sentabr.

Wheeler AFB, Gavayi hududi, 1948 yil 1 may -1949 yil 1949 yil Kamp Stoneman, Kaliforniya, 27 may 1949 yil Kirtland AFB, NM, 1949 yil 5 iyun Stantsiya (keyinroq, RAF Bentuoter), Angliya, 1951 yil 6 sentyabr - 1993 yil 1 iyul. Keesler AFB, MS, 1 iyul 1993 yil -.

Polkovnik Tomas V. Blekbern, 1948 yil 1 may
Podpolkovnik Frensis R. Royal, 1949 yil 21 may
Polkovnik Tomas V. Blekbern, (28 yilgacha), 1949 yil iyun
Polkovnik Gladvin E. Pinkston, 1950 yil 28 aprel
Polkovnik Robert F. Xarris, 1951 yil 22 -avgust
Polkovnik Gladvin E. Pinkston, 27 sentyabr 1951 yil
Polkovnik Robert F. Xarris, v. 1953 yil 3 yanvar
Polkovnik Gladvin E. Pinkston, v. 1953 yil 20 fevral
Polkovnik Robert J. Garrigan, 1953 yil 20 -iyun
Polkovnik Gladvin E. Pinkston, v. 1953 yil 20 -avgust
Pol Harold N. Xolt, 1954 yil 2 -iyun
Polkovnik V. V. Makelroy, 1955 yil 10 -iyun
Kol Lester L. Krause, kichik, 18 iyun 1957 yil
Pol Genri L. Krouch, kichik, 8 iyul 1957 yil
Pol Jeyms R. DuBose, kichik, 6 may 1960 yil
Pol Ejen L. Striklend, 9 iyul 1960 yil
Pol Uilyam C. Klark, 1962 yil 9 -iyul
Kol Robin Olds, 1963 yil 9 -avgust
Brig Gen DeWitt R. Searles, 26 iyul 1965 yil
Kolon Ramon R. Melton, 1967 yil 28 -iyul
Pol Jorj S. Dorman, 1968 yil 5 -iyul
Kol Devol Bret, 1968 yil 25 sentyabr
Pol Devid J. Shmerbeck, 1969 yil 29 -avgust
Kolon Jon C. Bartolf, 1970 yil 6 -mart
Pol Jeyms V. Enos, 4 sentyabr 1970 yil
Col Dwaine L. Weatherwax, 22 iyun 1971 yil
Brig general Charlz E. Word, 1972 yil 16 -avgust
Kolon Jon R. Paulk, 1974 yil 19 aprel
Brig Gen Clyde H. Garner, 1975 yil 14 -mart
Pol Jerald D. Larson, 1976 yil 11 -fevral
Brig general Rudolf F. Vaker, 6 may 1977 yil
Kolord Gordon E. Uilyams, 1979 yil 7 -avgust
Brig general Richard M. Pascoe, 24 aprel 1981 yil
Brig Gen Deyl C. Tabor, 1982 yil 2 -avgust
Kol Lester P. Braun, kichik, 1984 yil 20 mart
Pol Uilyam A. Studer, 1986 yil 26 mart
Pol Harold X. Roden, 30 iyul 1987 yil
Kol Tad J. Oelstrom, 1988 yil 5 -avgust
Pol Rojer E. Karleton, 13 iyul 1990 yil
Pol Rojer R. Radcliff, 12 iyul 1991-1 iyul 1993

Gavayi havo mudofaasi o'tkazildi, 1948 yil dekabr-1949 yil may.
Qo'shma Shtatlarga ko'chib, F-80 va keyin F-86 ga aylandi.
1949 yil noyabr oyida G'arbiy havo mudofaasi kuchlarining havo mudofaasi tarkibiga kirdi va 1950 yilda Tinch okeanining shimoli -g'arbiy qismiga Larson AFB, Geiger Field va Whidbey orolidan (VA) havo mudofaasini ta'minlash uchun ko'chib o'tdi.
1951 yil o'rtalarida Angliyaga ko'chib o'tdi.
1951 yildan 1954 yil o'rtalariga qadar qirollik havo kuchlari qiruvchi qo'mondonligi bilan Angliyaning bir qismini havo mudofaasi bilan ta'minlashda ishlagan.
1954 yilda an'anaviy va yadro qurolidan foydalangan holda qiruvchi-tutqichlardan qiruvchi-bombardimonchi operatsiyalarga o'zgartirildi.
USAFE va NATOni qo'llab-quvvatlash bo'yicha taktik operatsiyalarda ayblangan, 1954-1979 va 1988-1990 yillarda havo mudofaasi ikkinchi darajali vazifa sifatida. Shuningdek, RAF Vudbridjda ishlagan, 1958-1993.
1978 yil oxirida A-10 samolyotlariga o'tish boshlandi va missiya NATOning quruqlikdagi qo'shinlarini qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun havodan yaqin qo'llab-quvvatlash va jang maydonini havo bilan ta'minlashni o'zgartirish uchun o'zgartirildi.
AQSh va Buyuk Britaniyaning quruqlikdagi qo'shinlari bilan havodan yaqin qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun mashg'ulotlar o'tkazdi.
U Evropadagi urush vaqtidagi operatsion joylarga doimiy ravishda aylanmalarda qatnashdi.
1987 yil USAF Gunsmoke Gunnery-ning A-10 toifasi g'olibi.
1988 yilda F-16 samolyotlarini uchadigan 527-tajovuzkorlar otryadi qo'shildi. Bu eskadra 1988 yil iyuldan 1990 yil sentyabrgacha Evropadagi USAFE va NATO uchuvchilari uchun yagona o'xshash samolyot jangovar taktikasini o'rgatdi.
Turkiya va Iroqning shimolida, 1991 yil 6 aprel-8 dekabr 1992 yildagi yordam paytida koalitsiya havo kuchlari uchun A-10 samolyotlari bilan eskort missiyasini o'tkazdi.
1992 yil dekabrda bazani yopishga tayyorgarlik boshlandi va 1993 yil 1 aprelda parvozlar to'xtatildi.

Xizmat oqimlari Xizmat oqimlari. Hech kim.

Qurolli kuchlar ekspeditsion oqimlari. Hech kim.

Bezaklar. Harbiy havo kuchlarining mukofotlari:
28 mart 1959-30 iyun 1961 yil 1 iyul 1961 yil-30 iyun 1963 yil 1 iyun 1966-31 may 1968 yil 1 iyul 1968-30 iyun 1970 yil 1 iyul 1976 yil-30 iyun 1978 yil 1 iyul 1979-30 iyun 1981 yil 1 iyul 1981-30 iyun 1983 yil 1 iyul Iyun 1989-31 may 1991 yil 1 iyun 1991-30 iyun 1993 yil.

Taqdirlangan mukofotlar. 1948 yil 1 -maygacha 81 -jangchilar guruhi tomonidan berilgan mukofotlarni namoyish etishga ruxsat berilgan.

Kampaniya oqimlari. Ikkinchi Jahon urushi: Jazoir-Frantsiya Marokash Tunis Neapol-Foggia Anzio Rim-Arno havo jangi, Xitoyning mudofaa EAME teatri, Xitoy hujumi.

Yoki ajdaho qanotlari ko'rsatildi va Azure qo'shildi va bezovtalanib qolgan Gulesni o'z panjasida ushlab turdi.

Shiori: LE NOM LES ARMES LA LOYAUTE - Ism, qo'llar va sodiqlik.

1943 yil 2 -martda 81 -guruh va 1956 -yil 14 -mayda 81 -qanot uchun tasdiqlangan

Chuck Wrobel tomonidan to'plangan va tarqatilgan cfwrobel (a) comcast.net

Marhum Stu Stabli, sizning shaxsiy kitoblaringizdan biri, 81 -yillarning eng keng qamrovli tarixi.
Fotoalbomlar, albomlar uchun ajoyib hamroh kitobi. & quot

$ 35.00 pochta va yuklarni o'z ichiga oladi. Nensi Stabiliga chek yoki pul o'tkazmasini yuboring

Manzil:
81 -chi tarix
1543 MAHIE JOYI
XONOLULU, salom. 96818

yoki elektron pochta: f86e51st (a) hotmail.com orqali kitobni so'rang yoki buyurtma bering.

1995 yildan buyon Suffolkda (Angliya) RAF Bentwaters va RAF Woodbridge-ning egizak asoslari haqidagi hissa to'plash va almashish. Mualliflik huquqi va nusxasi 1995-2009 yillar Linn Barringer, Barcha huquqlar himoyalangan.


81 -jangchi eskadroni (81 -FS) "Panteralar"

81-jangchi eskadroni 1942 yil 6-yanvarda 81-chi qidiruv eskadroni (Interceptor) sifatida tashkil etilgan va 1942 yil 15-yanvarda Missisipi shtatining Key-Fild shahrida P-40 samolyotini boshqargan holda ishga tushirilgan. Birlik 1942 yil 15 mayda 81 -chi qiruvchi eskadron va 1942 yil 28 -mayda 81 -jangchi eskadroni (maxsus) sifatida o'zgartirildi. Eskadron 50 -qiruvchi guruhiga tayinlandi va 1942 -yil oktabrda Florida shtatining Orlando armiyasi havo maydoniga ko'chib o'tdi. Harbiy havo kuchlari amaliy taktika maktabining bir qismi. U erda 81 -Fighter eskadroni qo'shinlarni etkazib berish va chet elda jangovar samolyotlarni saqlash uchun zarur bo'lgan harakatlarni boshqarishning yaxshiroq usullarini qidirib, protsedura va uskunalarni sinovdan o'tkazdi. Eskadron jangga kirganida qanday sharoitda uchishini aytib, uchuvchilar ko'pincha infratuzilmasi kam yoki umuman bo'lmagan aerodromlardan uchib ketishardi.

1943 yilda 81 -chi Florida shtatining Cross City armiyasi havo maydoniga ko'chib o'tdi, 50 -chi qiruvchi guruhi Orlando armiyasining havo maydonida qoldi. 50 -jangchilar guruhining har bir alohida guruhi (shu jumladan 81 -jangchi eskadroni) 1944 yil yanvar oyida Orlando armiyasi havo maydoniga qaytib keldi, u erda eskadron Angliyaga jo'nab ketishga tayyorgarlik ko'rayotganda mashg'ulot va o'qitishni davom ettirdi. 1943 yilda eskadron P-47 samolyotlarini qabul qila boshladi. 1944 yil 21 -yanvarda bo'linma 81 -qiruvchi eskadron (bitta dvigatel), so'ng 1944 -yil 28 -fevralda yana bitta dvigatelli 81 -qiruvchi eskadron deb o'zgartirildi.

1944 yil martga kelib, Panterlar P-47 ga to'liq aylantirildi va 1944 yil aprelgacha to'qqizinchi havo kuchlari bilan Angliyadagi yangi uyda edi. 1944 yil apreldan 1945 yil maygacha bo'lgan sulh o'rtasida bo'linma yuzlab qiruvchi eskortlarini uchirdi. yaqin havo yordami va taqiqlov missiyalari, D-Day bosqinini qo'llab-quvvatlaydi va ittifoqchilarning oldinga siljishini qamrab olganda ko'plab oldinga qo'nish bazalaridan ishlaydi. Eskadron Angliya, Frantsiya va Germaniyadagi bazalardan ishlagan. Eskadron jangda qatnashish uchun 2 ta taniqli bo'linma ma'lumotlarini oldi, 47 ta havo g'alabalari bilan taqdirlandi va 50 -chi jangchi guruhining yagona askari, mayor Robert D. Jonstonni yaratdi. Ikkinchi Jahon urushi tugaganidan so'ng, birlik AQShga qaytdi va 1945 yil 7 -noyabrda Kolorado shtatining La -Xunta armiyasi aerodromida faolsizlantirildi.

Birlik 1947 yil 13 -mayda 81 -qiruvchi eskadron (barcha ob -havo) sifatida qayta nomlandi va 1947 yil 12 -iyulda Vashington shtati Makkord -Filddagi Harbiy havo kuchlari zaxirasida ishga tushirildi. Bu birlik 1949 yil 20-iyunda 81-qiruvchi eskadron, Jet va 1950-yil 1-martda 81-qiruvchi-tutuvchi eskadron sifatida o'zgartirildi. 1951-yil 1-iyunda faol ishga qabul qilindi va 1951-yil 2-iyunda inaktiv qilindi. Eskadron turli xil samolyotlarni sinovdan o'tkazdi.

Birlik 1952 yil 15-noyabrda 81-qiruvchi-bombardimonchi eskadron sifatida qayta nomlandi va 1953 yil 1-yanvarda Nyu-Meksiko shtatining Klovis harbiy-havo bazasida ishga tushirildi. U erda eskadron 1953 yilning bahorida F-86 samolyotiga o'tishdan oldin F-51 ni qisqa vaqt ichida uchirdi. 1953 yil avgustda eskadron Germaniyaning Xan aviabazasiga ko'chib o'tdi. 1956 yil iyulda 81-chi qiruvchi eskadron Fransiyaning Toul-Rosieres aviabazasiga ko'chib o'tdi va 1958-yil iyulda F-100 samolyotiga aylantirildi. 1958-yil 8-iyulda bo'linma 81-taktik qiruvchi eskadroni sifatida qayta nomlandi. Hahn AB-ga qaytdi va 1966 yil dekabr oyida F-4 Phantom II samolyotini tayinladi. Bu davr mobaynida eskadronga 1969 yil oxirida mudofaa-bostirish missiyasini qo'shib, havodan yaqin yordam va razvedka berish vazifasi yuklatilgan.

Panterlar 1971 yil iyun oyida Kanada qurolli kuchlari ketishidan qolgan bo'sh joyni to'ldirish uchun o'z fantomlarini Germaniyaning Zvaybrukken aviabazasiga olib ketishdi. 1973 yilda 81 -jangchi eskadroni Germaniyaning Spangdahlem aviabazasidagi 52 -taktik qiruvchi qanotiga qo'shildi va u erda mudofaani bostirish vazifasini o'z zimmasiga oldi. NATOning mudofaani bostirish bo'yicha yagona eskadroni sifatida, eskadron AN/APR-38 radar hujum va ogohlantirish tizimi bilan jihozlangan birinchi 24 ta F-4G samolyotini oldi. 1984 yilda 81-qiruvchi eskadron AGM-88 HARM va AGM-45 Shrike raketalarini ishlatib, aralash F-4G va F-4E ovchi/qotil guruhiga o'tdi, chunki 52-taktik qiruvchi qanot NATOdagi yagona mudofaa bostirish qanoti bo'ldi. .

81-chi F-4E samolyotlarining bir qismini 1988 yil yanvar oyida F-16C Fighting Falconsga almashtirdi va AQSh Harbiy-havo kuchlarida bitta jangovar elementda 2 xil samolyot uchadigan yagona qanot a'zosi bo'ldi. 1988 yil iyun oyida 81-qiruvchi eskadronasi AN-APR-47 takomillashtirilgan radariga ega F-4G-ni oldi va ovchi/qotil rolida aralash elementlarni uchishni davom ettirdi.

1990 yil dekabr oyida Panterlar "F-4G" eskadroniga aylandi, keyinchalik "Desert Shield" va "Desert Storm" operatsiyalarini qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun Iroq bo'ylab 12000 dan ortiq jangovar va 25000 soat uchdi va 113 ta radar o'ldirdi. Janubi -G'arbiy Osiyoga joylashish paytida samolyot Bahraynning Shaik Isa shahridan ishlagan.

1991 yil 1 oktyabrda bo'linma 81-qiruvchi eskadron sifatida o'zgartirildi. Oxirgi F-4G Spangdahlem aviabazasidan 1994 yil 18 fevralda chiqib ketdi, chunki A/OA-10 samolyoti keldi va 81-qiruvchi eskadron Spangdahlem havo bazasidagi 510 qiruvchi eskadronini almashtirdi. . Eskadron doimiy ravishda Italiyaning Aviano aviabazasiga joylashtirildi, "Parvozni rad etish" operatsiyasini qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun, Bosniya bo'ylab uchish taqiqlangan zonani o'rnatdi va 1997 yil sentyabr oyida AQShning Harbiy havo kuchlari (USAFE) birinchi eskadroni bo'lib, "Janubiy kuzatuv" operatsiyasida ishtirok etdi. Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkiloti Iroq janubida uchish taqiqlangan hududni o'rnatdi.

81 -qiruvchi eskadron a'zolari 1998 yil oktyabr oyida yana Aviano aviabazasiga joylashdilar va Yugoslaviyaning Kosovodagi inqirozi paytida NATOning havo ishtirokini qo'llab -quvvatladilar. Panterlar 1999 yil yanvar oyida Aviano aviabazasiga qaytdi va muntazam ravishda favqulodda vaziyatlarda aylanish uchun Ittifoq kuchlarini qo'llab -quvvatlashda qoldi. 81 -Fighter eskadroni Aviano aviabazasidan 1999 yil 11 aprelgacha havo operatsiyalarini qo'llab -quvvatladi va 40 -chi havo ekspeditsiya guruhi tarkibida Italiyaning Gioia del Kolle shahriga ko'chib o'tdi. 40-chi havo ekspeditsiya guruhiga tayinlangan A-10 samolyotlari Germaniyaning Spangdahlem aviabazasidagi 81-qiruvchi eskadronidan va Shimoliy Karolina shtatining Papa havo kuchlari bazasidagi 74-qiruvchi eskadronidan kelgan. Ikkita joy o'rtasida 81-chi qiruvchi eskadron samolyotlari Ittifoq kuchlari operatsiyasini qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun 1400 dan ortiq jangovar missiyalarni uchirdi, A-10 tarixidagi birinchi yirik kuchlar paketini boshqargan, shuningdek, birinchi 2 muvaffaqiyatli jangovar qidiruv va qutqaruv ishchi guruhining missiyasini boshqargan. Bu barcha qutqaruv vositalarini muvofiqlashtirishni o'z ichiga oladi va F-117 va F-16 samolyotlaridan halok bo'lgan uchuvchilarni muvaffaqiyatli qutqarishga olib keldi.

Spangdahlem aviabazasi uchuvchisi NATOning Kosovodagi Serbiya kuchlariga qarshi havo hujumi - "Ittifoq kuchlari" operatsiyasida ko'rsatgan qahramonligi uchun harbiylarning eng yuqori medallaridan birini oldi. Kumush yulduz medali 81-jangchi eskadronining A/OA-10 uchuvchisi kapitan Jon A. Cherriga topshirildi. Medal Cherryning 1999 yil 27 va 28 martda Serbiyaning Novi Sad shahri yaqinida AQShning qurolli dushmaniga qarshi qilgan harakatlari uchun topshirildi. Cherri urilgan amerikalik uchuvchini qutqarish uchun jasorat va bir necha bor o'z hayotini xavf ostiga qo'ygani uchun medalni qo'lga kiritdi. 1999 yil 27 martda dushman Serbiya hududida. Qidiruv va qutqaruv vazifalari guruhining umumiy qo'mondoni sifatida Cherri Serbiyaning havo mudofaasi tishlari orasiga kirib, doimiy aloqa tiqilishi va kirib kelishi, ob -havoning yomonlashuvi, o'z samolyotini halokatli SA tomonidan qayta nishonga olish bilan kurashdi. -3 va SA-6 raketalari va dushman samolyotlarining tahdidi F-117A yashirin qiruvchi uchuvchisi joylashgan joydan atigi bir necha mil narida. O'z hayotiga xavf tug'dirgan Cherri, serbiyaning noma'lum hududini ag'darib tashladi, shu bilan birga u havodan tahdidlarga to'liq duch keldi va u uchuvchi va uning joylashgan joyini ijobiy aniqladi. Cherri dushman radarini aldadi va uchish joyini SA-3 va SA-6 halokatli poligoniga burib, uning shakllanishini manevr qilib, dushman radarini aldab o'tdi. Yoqilg'i tanqisligi tufayli Cherri o'z lavozimini tark etishdan bosh tortdi. Barkamol jasorat bilan, u qutqarilgunga qadar halok bo'lgan uchuvchiga yaqin bo'lish uchun tobora dushmanlik muhitida qoldi.

Aloqa eskadroni, Spangdahlem aviabazasi, Germaniya joylashganda, u barcha aloqa tizimlarini o'rnatishda o'zining havo ekspeditsion kuchlari aloqa paketiga (sobiq qanotlarning boshlang'ich aloqa to'plami) tayanadi. Bu kuchli qobiliyatga xavfsiz va xavfsiz bo'lmagan Internetga kirish, er usti radiosi, UHF/VHF radiosi, uyali telefon xizmati, xavfsiz xabar almashish tizimlari, telefon kalitlari, faksimil, vizual axborot va pochta xizmatlari kiradi. Asosiy darajadagi xizmatlarga raqobat qiladigan to'liq to'plam. 52-qiruvchi qanotning havo ekspeditsion kuchlari qo'mondonlik punkti 1997 yilda noldan qurilgan bo'lib, unda 14 kishi doimiy ish bilan ta'minlangan. U 1998 yil oxiri va 1999 yil boshida Ittifoq kuchlari operatsiyasi paytida haqiqiy dunyo missiyalarining birinchi ta'mini tatib ko'rdi, bu Italiyaning Gioia Del Kolle shahriga joylashtirilgan 81-qiruvchi eskadronining A/OA-10 samolyotlari bilan aloqa o'rnatdi. Odatda, joylashtirishni qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun asosiy ish markazlaridan 10 dan 20 gacha qo'shuvchilar olinadi.

Oltita A-10 Warthogs va Germaniyaning Spangdahlem aviabazasidan 110 kishi 10 kunlik ko'p millatli jangovar qidiruv-qutqaruv mashg'ulotlarida qatnashdi. 1999 yil 10-dekabrda tugagan CSAR 99-02 NATOdagi qidiruv va qutqaruv bo'linmalarining malakasini oshirishga mo'ljallangan edi. A-10 samolyotlari va Spangdahlem 81-qiruvchi eskadroni odamlari Bosniya bo'ylab mashqlar bilan bog'liq missiyalarda uchishdi. Umumiy maqsad Ittifoq kuchlariga o'xshash turli xil operatsiyalarda, ayniqsa, rejalashtirilmagan qidiruv va qutqaruv texnikasini qo'llash edi. Spangdahlem A-10s shunga o'xshash mashg'ulotlarda qatnashgan bo'lsa-da, CSAR 99-02 murakkab mashq bo'lib, keng ko'lamli stsenariylarni va janubiy Evropa teatriga qaraganda ko'proq odamlarni o'z ichiga oladi. Mashg'ulotga bir qancha ittifoqchi mamlakatlardan odamlar va samolyotlar, jumladan, frantsuz va italyan vertolyotlari, ispan va kanadalik F-18, Britaniya va frantsuz havo-havo ogohlantirish va boshqaruv tizimi samolyotlari jalb qilindi.

2000 yil sentyabr oyida 81 -qiruvchi eskadroni Janubiy -G'arbiy Osiyoga "Janubiy kuzatuv" operatsiyasi uchun 12 ta samolyot yubordi, 700 dan ortiq jangovar va o'quv mashg'ulotlarini to'pladi. Jo'natilganidan so'ng, 81-chi qiruvchi eskadronga Xorvatiyaning Phiblex 2000 ko'rgazmasida ishtirok etish vazifasi yuklatildi. Panterlar qolgan 6 ta A/OA-10 va 183 xodimlarini Xorvatiyaning Split shahriga AQSh dengiz piyodalari bilan qo'shma amfibiy-desant mashg'ulotini o'tkazish uchun joylashtirdilar. Korpus, AQSh dengiz kuchlari va Xorvatiya harbiy kuchlari.

2001 yil 11 sentyabr voqealaridan so'ng, Afg'onistonda "Doimiy ozodlik" operatsiyasini qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun eskadron elementlari joylashtirildi. 2003 yil iyun, 2004 yil sentyabr, 2006 yil may va 2008 yil yanvarda Afg'onistonning Bagram aviabazasida joylashgan "Eskadron" elementlari "Doimiy ozodlik" operatsiyasini qo'llab -quvvatlovchi koalitsiya quruqlik kuchlariga havodan yordam berish uchun. Panterlar joylashuv paytida quruqlikdagi kuchlarni qo'llab-quvvatlaydigan dushman jangchilarini topish, tuzatish va yo'q qilish uchun jangovar patrullarning jadal rejimini o'tkazdilar. 2006 yildagi jangovar harakatlarning bevosita natijasi sifatida 2 Panther uchuvchisi nufuzli Makkay Trophy va Daedalian Exceptional Pilot mukofotlariga sazovor bo'lishdi.

Birinchi A-10C, 2009 yil may oyida Precision Engagement-ni yangilaganidan so'ng keldi, bu Warthog-ning raqamli do'konlar tizimi bilan aniqligi va o'likligini sezilarli darajada oshirdi, rivojlangan nishonlarni, gaz va tayoq ustidagi qo'llarni (HOTAS) funksionalligi va vaziyatni sezilarli darajada oshirdi. Xabardorlik ma'lumotlari havolasi (SADL). 81-qiruvchi eskadron elementlari 2010 yil may oyida A-10C bilan Afg'onistonga, bu safar janubdagi Qandahor aviabazasiga qaytdi. Issiqlik, shamol va changga qaramay, samolyot 9,500 soatdan ko'proq vaqt davomida 2100 dan ortiq parvozda 70 mingdan ortiq 30 mm, 159 ta aniq qurol va 141 ta raketa ishlatdi, shu bilan birga "Doimiy Ozodlik" operatsiyasi va Xalqaro Stabilizatsiyaga Yordam Kuchlari operatsiyalarini aniq havo bilan ta'minladi. .


81 -jangchilar guruhi - tarix

JENNIFER H. SVAN tomonidan | Yulduzlar va chiziqlar Chop etilgan: 2013 yil 18 -iyun

SPANGDAHLEM AIR BASE, Germaniya-81-jangchi eskadronini seshanba kuni inaktivatsiya qilish marosimida ko'rsatma berish vaqti kelganida, angardagi yagona A-10 Thunderbolt II sahna yaqinida eskadron samolyotining kichik beton nusxasi edi.

Stend-in quyidagilarni bajarishi kerak edi: o'tgan oy samolyot 30 yilga yaqin bo'lgan Evropani tark etdi, oxirgi 20 tasi Germaniyaning janubi-g'arbiy qismidagi bu keng tarqalgan bazada.

A-10 samolyotlarining ketishi, siyosiy voqelikning o'zgarishi va mudofaa mablag'larining qisqarishi natijasida, AQSh Harbiy-havo kuchlarining Evropadagi eng bardoshli va ko'p qiruvchi eskadronlarini yopilishini tezlashtirdi.

71 yil mobaynida "81 -chi qiruvchi eskadron dunyoning eng mashhur va afsonaviy samolyotlarini boshqargan", - dedi 52 -operatsiya guruhi qo'mondoni polkovnik Devid Lyons, baza xodimlari va tinch aholiga seshanba kungi marosimda.

Panterlar tarixi Ikkinchi jahon urushidan Afg'onistongacha bo'lgan ko'plab to'qnashuvlarni o'z ichiga oladi, uning uchuvchilari yillar davomida F-100 Super Saber, F-4G Advanced Wild Weasel va F-16C Fighting Falcon va boshqa jangchilar bilan uchishgan.

Birlik 1942 yil 15-yanvarda Missisipi shtatining Key Field shahrida P-40 Warhawk uchun sinov va o'quv eskadroni sifatida ishga tushirilganda, o'z tarixini ko'rsatdi.

1953 yilda eskadron F-86 Saber samolyotiga o'tdi va Germaniyaning Xan aviabazasiga ko'chib o'tdi, 1973 yilda oxirgi harakatidan oldin Evropada bir nechta ko'chish o'tkazildi, u erda 52-qiruvchi qanotining bir qismi bo'lgan Spangdahlem.

1993 yilda eskadron A-10 samolyotini uchira boshladi va so'nggi yillarda AQShning Qit'adagi A-10 floti 20 ga yaqin samolyotga aylantirilgani sababli Evropadagi AQSh Harbiy-havo kuchlari qo'mondonligi ostidagi oxirgi bo'ldi.

"Bir paytlar Evropada 140 dan ortiq samolyotlar va o'n minglab Sovuq Urush quruqlik kuchlari bo'lgan oltita A-10 samolyotlari jangga tayyorlanayotgan edi", dedi Panterlarning oxirgi qo'mondoni, podpolkovnik Klinton Eyxelberger. Lyonsga eskadron bayrog'ini ko'tarishda yordam berish.

"Bugungi kunda dunyoning bu qismida iqlim o'zgargan", dedi u, "A-10 kabi an'anaviy kuchlarga ehtiyoj ham o'zgargan."

A-10 Sovuq Urushning boshqa qoldiqlari bilan ketadi: AQSh armiyasining oxirgi jangovar tanklari 60 yildan ortiq bu erda joylashgandan so'ng, o'tgan yilning bahorida Germaniyani tark etdi.

52-Fighter Wing tarixchisi Marshall Mishel, seshanba kuni bo'lib o'tgan marosimdan keyin bergan intervyusida, agar ruslar Germaniyaga bostirib kirgan bo'lsa, A-10 va uning kuchli quroli Sovet tanklarini urib tushirishga mo'ljallangan muhim bosqich ekanligini ta'kidladi.

"Bu Evropaning mantiqiy qisqarishi", dedi Mishel. "Ammo men uchun, sobiq jangchi sifatida, eskadronning yopilganini ko'rish sizni hech qachon xursand qilmaydi."

Spangdahlemning 81-qiruvchi eskadroni, o'tgan yili moliyalashtirishning qisqarishi va mudofaa strategiyasining Evropadan Osiyo-Tinch okeani mintaqasiga o'zgarishi tufayli e'lon qilingan, havo kuchlarining keskin qisqarishi doirasida yopilishga mo'ljallangan yagona A-10 eskadroni edi. Harbiy havo kuchlari rasmiylari o'tgan yili 2013 yil moliyaviy yilida 100 ga yaqin A-10 Thunderbolt II-ni iste'foga chiqarishni rejalashtirganliklarini aytishdi va xizmatlar ro'yxatida 250 dan kamrog'i qoldi.

Bazaning rasmiylariga ko'ra, Spangdahlemning 500 ga yaqin xodimlari, shu jumladan uchuvchilar, texnik xodimlar va boshqa yordamchi xodimlar inaktivatsiyadan zarar ko'rgan.

"Hamma" achchiq "deb aytadi, lekin bu shunchaki achchiqdir", dedi kapitan Joshua Jons, bo'linmaning inaktivatsiyasi uchun qolgan 81 -chi qiruvchi eskadron uchuvchilaridan biri. "Men eskadronning ketishini ko'rishdan nafratlanaman. Hech birimiz ko'chishni yoki ketishni xohlamadik va eskadronni yopish har doim ham yomon, ayniqsa 70 yillik tarixga ega.

Uning Spangdahlemdagi ikki yili unutilmas edi. U Afg'onistonga eskadron bilan bitta rotatsiyaga bordi va NATO sheriklari bilan mashg'ulotlar olib borganida Evropaning sakkizta mamlakatiga tashrif buyurdi. , Ariz.

"Bu ikki yil band edi", dedi u. "Bu maqsadga muvofiq emas."

F-16 jangovar lochin oldida turgan Spangdahlem havo bazasi faxriy qorovuli, 2013 yil 18-iyun, seshanba kuni 81-chi qiruvchi eskadronni inaktivatsiya marosimi boshlanishini kutib turibdi. F-16-Spangdahlemdagi 52-qiruvchi qanotda qolgan yagona samolyot.
Maykl ABRAMS/Yulduzlar va chiziqlar


Shuningdek qarang

The 81 -mashg'ulot qanoti Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -havo kuchlarining qanoti va Missisipi shtatining Keesler havo kuchlari bazasida joylashgan. 81 -o'quv qanoti Harbiy havo kuchlarining eng yirik texnik o'quv guruhiga ega va har yili 40,000 dan ortiq talabalarni o'qitadi. O'qitish ob -havo, asosiy elektronika, aloqa elektron tizimlari, aloqa kompyuter tizimlari, havo harakatini boshqarish, aerodromni boshqarish, qo'mondonlik punkti, havo qurollarini boshqarish, aniq o'lchash, ta'lim va o'qitish, moliyaviy menejment va nazoratchi, axborotni boshqarish, ishchi kuchi va xodimlar, radar, er usti radiosi va tarmoqni boshqarish.

The Havo yonilg'i quyish 171 -otryadi Michigan shtatidagi Selfridge Air National Guard bazasida joylashgan Michigan havo milliy gvardiyasining 127 -qanotining bo'linmasi. 171st KC-135T Stratotanker bilan jihozlangan.

The Havo yonilg'i quyish 132 -otryadi Meyn Havo Milliy Gvardiyasi 101 -chi havo yonilg'i quyish qanotining bo'linmasi, Bangor, Meyn shtati, Bangor havo milliy gvardiyasi bazasida joylashgan. U KC-135R Stratotanker bilan jihozlangan.

The 188 -qutqaruv otryadi Nyu -Meksiko havo milliy gvardiyasining bo'linmasi. U Nyu -Meksiko shtatining Kirtland harbiy -havo bazasida joylashgan 150 -maxsus operatsiya qanotiga tayinlangan.

The 61 -jangchi eskadron Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -havo kuchlarining faol bo'linmasi, Arizona shtatining Luqo havo kuchlari bazasidagi 56 -operatsion guruhga tayinlangan. U F-35 Lightning II samolyotlarini boshqaradi, uchuvchi-instruktor mashg'ulotlarini o'tkazadi.

The 62 -qiruvchi eskadron Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -havo kuchlarining Arizona shtatidagi Lyuk havo kuchlari bazasidagi 56 -operatsion guruhining bir qismi. U Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II samolyotlarini boshqaradi, bu esa qiruvchi samolyotlarning ilg'or tayyorgarligini ta'minlaydi.

The 63d qiruvchi eskadroni Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -havo kuchlarining faol bo'linmasi, Arizona shtatining Luqo havo kuchlari bazasidagi 56 -operatsion guruhga tayinlangan. U F-35A samolyotlarini boshqaradi, 2016 yilda qayta ishga tushirilgandan buyon jangovar tayyorgarlikni yaxshilaydi. 1975 yilda bu eskadron qayta ishga tushirilganda, ularning vazifasi McDonnell F-4E Phantom II uchun uchuvchilar va qurol-yarog 'tizimlari ofitserlarini o'rgatish edi va ular samolyotga o'tdilar. 1978 yilda F-4D.

The 159 -jangchi eskadron Florida Harbiy Milliy Gvardiyasining 125 -qiruvchi qanotining bo'linmasi, Jeksonvill xalqaro aeroportida joylashgan, Florida. 159-chi F-15C va F-15D Eagle bilan jihozlangan.

The 163d qiruvchi eskadroni Indiana shtati Fort -Ueyn milliy gvardiyasi stantsiyasida joylashgan Indiana Air National Guard 122d qiruvchi qanotining bo'linmasi. 163d A-10 Thunderbolt II bilan jihozlangan.

The 78 -chi hujum otryadi Dengiz havo stantsiyasining Fort Uort, Texas shtatidagi 926 -qanot, Nellis havo kuchlari bazasi, Nevada va O'ninchi havo kuchlari (10AF) ostidagi Harbiy havo kuchlari zaxiralari qo'mondonligi (AFRC) bo'linmasi. 78 ATKS 432d qanotdagi faol sheriklari bilan birgalikda Nevada shtatining Kreich havo kuchlari bazasidan operatsiyalarni olib boradi.

The 78 -jangchilar guruhi AQSh Harbiy -havo kuchlarining faol bo'lmagan bo'linmasi. U oxirgi marta Kaliforniya shtatining Hamilton harbiy -havo bazasidagi 78 -qiruvchi qanotiga tayinlangan. 1961 yil 1 fevralda u faolsizlantirildi.

The 84 -uchish -tayyorlov otryadi Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -havo kuchlarining Texasdagi Laughlin havo bazasida joylashgan 47 -chi o'quv qanotining bir qismi. U Beechcraft T-6 Texan II samolyotlarini boshqaradi, ular parvoz mashg'ulotlarini o'tkazadilar.

The 93d qiruvchi-tutuvchi eskadron AQSh Harbiy -havo kuchlarining faol bo'lmagan bo'linmasi. Uning oxirgi vazifasi Nyu -Meksiko shtatining Kirtland havo kuchlari bazasida joylashgan Albuquerque havo mudofaasi sektoriga tegishli edi. U 1960 yil 8 -iyulda o'chirilgan.

The 92d kiberfazo operatsiyalari otryadi Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy havo kuchlarining bo'linmasi.

The 91 -taktik qiruvchi eskadron AQSh Harbiy -havo kuchlarining faol bo'lmagan bo'linmasi. Uning oxirgi topshirig'i Angliyaning RAF Vudbridj shahrida joylashgan 81 -chi taktik jangchi qanoti edi. 1992 yil 14 -avgustda u o'chirilgan.

The 52d operatsiyalar guruhi Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarining Evropadagi Harbiy havo kuchlari - Afrikadagi havo kuchlari (USAFE -AFAFRICA) uchun ajratilgan 52d qiruvchi qanotining uchuvchi komponenti. Guruh Germaniyaning Spangdahlem aviabazasida joylashgan.

The 36 -operatsion guruh AQSh Tinch okeani havo kuchlariga berilgan 36 -qanotning operatsion komponenti. Guruh Guam shtatining Andersen harbiy havo bazasida joylashgan.

The 58 -operatsion guruh Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -havo kuchlarining 58 -maxsus operatsion qanotining operatsion uchuvchi komponenti. U Nyu -Meksiko shtatining Kirtland havo kuchlari bazasida joylashgan.

The 172d havo yordami otryadi is a unit of the Michigan Air National Guard 110th Airlift Wing located at Kellogg Air National Guard Base, Battle Creek, Michigan. The 172d was last equipped with the C-21A Learjet before the aircraft were transferred in 2013.

The 116th Operations Group is a Georgia Air National Guard unit assigned to the 116th Air Control Wing. The unit is stationed at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. The 116th Group controls all operational Northrop Grumman E-8C Joint STARS aircraft of the 116th Air Control Wing. It was activated in 1992, when the Air Force implemented the Objective Wing organization, and was successively equipped with the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle and the Rockwell B-1 Lancer before converting to the E-8C in 2002.


Tarix

Ikkinchi jahon urushi

The unit was constituted as the 81st Pursuit Group (Intercepter) on 13 January 1942, and activated on 9 February 1942, with the 91st, 92d, and 93d Pursuit Squadrons assigned. [1] It was redesignated 81st Fighter Group in May 1942 and trained with Bell P-39 Airacobras. [1]

The group moved overseas between October 1942 and February 1943, the ground echelon arriving in French Morocco with the force that invaded North Africa on 8 November, and the air echelon, which had trained for a time in England, arriving in North Africa between late December 1942 and early February 1943. [1]

Te group began combat with Twelfth Air Force in January 1943. It supported ground operations during the Allied drive against Axis forces in Tunisia. [1] The group patrolled the coast of North Africa and protected Allied shipping in the Mediterranean Sea in April through July 1943 and provided cover for the convoys that landed troops on Pantelleria on 11 June and on Sicily on 10 July 1943. [1] The group supported the landings at Anzio on 22 January 1944 and flew patrols in that area for a short time. [1]

Group aircraft from its time in England through its action Italy consisted of P-39s and the British export version, the P-400. P-400s still had RAF camouflage and five digit alphanumeric serial number, RAF pilot's harness, and a 20 mm cannon versus the US 37 mm. These P-39s and P-400s were available due to a Murmansk Convoy so devastated, it turned back. The fighters were uncrated, assembled and test flown by the pilots that would take them to North Africa, Sicily and Italy. The 81st also flew P-38 Lightnings on patrol in the Mediterranean. These aircraft were loaned from the 1st Fighter Group.

The flight of the P-39/400s of the 81st and 350th Fighter Groups to Morocco, is still in the Guinness Book of Records, as the largest flight over the greatest distance. A few of these Aircraft "experienced engine problems" and landed in Lisbon, Portugal. Perhaps the Pilots were hoping to sit out the duration. The Portuguese government kept these Fighters and handed the pilots over to the U.S. Embassy. These pilots flew "Tail-end Charlie" for most of the rest of their tour.

It is notable that the 81st suffered the lowest loss rate of any Fighter Group in the MTO. This is a testament that the Bell P-39 Airacobra really was a capable fighter. Please visit the "81st Fighter Group Forum" for more detailed info on this remarkable group of men.

The group moved to India, February–March 1944, and began training with P-40 and P-47 aircraft. [1] It then moved to China in May and became part of Fourteenth Air Force. [1] The group continued training and on occasion flew patrol and escort missions before returning to full-time combat duty in January 1945. It attacked enemy airfields and installations, flew escort missions, and aided the operations of Chinese ground forces by attacking troop concentrations, ammunition dumps, lines of communications, and other targets to hinder Japanese efforts to move men and material to the front. [1] The 81st was inactivated in China on 27 December 1945. [1]


Tarix

Ikkinchi jahon urushi


The unit was constituted as the 81st Pursuit Group (Intercepter) on 13 January 1942, and activated on 9 February 1942, with the 91st , 92d , and 93d Pursuit Squadrons assigned. [ 1 ] It was redesignated 81st Fighter Group in May 1942 and trained with Bell P-39 Airacobras. [1]

The group moved overseas between October 1942 and February 1943, the ground echelon arriving in French Morocco with the force that invaded North Africa on 8 November, and the air echelon, which had trained for a time in England, arriving in North Africa between late December 1942 and early February 1943. [ 1 ]

Te group began combat with Twelfth Air Force in January 1943. It supported ground operations during the Allied drive against Axis forces in Tunisia. [ 1 ] The group patrolled the coast of North Africa and protected Allied shipping in the Mediterranean Sea in April through July 1943 and provided cover for the convoys that landed troops on Pantelleria on 11 June and on Sicily on 10 July 1943. [ 1 ] The group supported the landings at Anzio on 22 January 1944 and flew patrols in that area for a short time. [1]

Group aircraft from its time in England through its action Italy consisted of P-39s and the British export version, the P-400. P-400s still had RAF camouflage and five digit alphanumeric serial number, RAF pilot's harness, and a 20 mm cannon versus the US 37 mm. These P-39s and P-400s were available due to a Murmansk Convoy so devastated, it turned back. The fighters were uncrated, assembled and test flown by the pilots that would take them to North Africa, Sicily and Italy. The 81st also flew P-38 Lightnings on patrol in the Mediterranean. These aircraft were loaned from the 1st Fighter Group.

The flight of the P-39/400s of the 81st and 350th Fighter Groups to Morocco, is still in the Guinness Book of Records, as the largest flight over the greatest distance. A few of these Aircraft "experienced engine problems" and landed in Lisbon, Portugal. Perhaps the Pilots were hoping to sit out the duration. The Portuguese government kept these Fighters and handed the pilots over to the U.S. Embassy. These pilots flew "Tail-end Charlie" for most of the rest of their tour.

It is notable that the 81st suffered the lowest loss rate of any Fighter Group in the MTO. This is a testament that the Bell P-39 Airacobra really was a capable fighter. Please visit the "81st Fighter Group Forum" for more detailed info on this remarkable group of men.

The group moved to India, February–March 1944, and began training with P-40 and P-47 aircraft. [ 1 ] It then moved to China in May and became part of Fourteenth Air Force. [ 1 ] The group continued training and on occasion flew patrol and escort missions before returning to full-time combat duty in January 1945. It attacked enemy airfields and installations, flew escort missions, and aided the operations of Chinese ground forces by attacking troop concentrations, ammunition dumps, lines of communications, and other targets to hinder Japanese efforts to move men and material to the front. [ 1 ] The 81st was inactivated in China on 27 December 1945. [ 1 ]

Sovuq urush

Pacific Air Command

The 81st Fighter Group, Single Engine was reactivated at Wheeler Field, Hawaii Territory on 15 October 1946. [ 1 ] It was assigned to the 7th Fighter Wing of Seventh Air Force (7 AF). The mission of the group was to maintain daylight security of the Hawaiian Islands and to train fighter pilots to a state of combat readiness. [ 2 ] The 81st FG was formed largely from the personnel and equipment of the 15th Fighter Group which was inactivated at Wheeler Field the same day. [ 3 ]

The group comprised the 91st, 92d and 93d Fighter Squadrons and assumed the P-51D Mustang aircraft of the former 15th FG. [ 3 ] The 81st was faced with the arduous task of training personnel for the transition from a fully staffed wartime organization with an abundance of supplies and equipment (15th FG) into an effective peacetime fighter group with limited resources and facilities.

In 1948, the group completed conversion from the P-51 to the P-47D Thunderbolt aircraft. On 15 April 1948 the group was reassigned from the 7th Fighter Wing to the new 81st Fighter Wing (FW) under the Wing/Base ( Hobson Plan ) reorganization of the Air Force. The 81st FW commanded both the support groups as well as the flying combat 81st Fighter Group and the squadrons assigned to it. On 1 May 1948, the 7th Fighter Wing was redesignated as the 7th Air Division, being moved to England under Strategic Air Command. As a result, the 81st FW came under the direct control of 7 AF, now designated Pacific Air Command.

Continental Air Command

As a result of limited defense budgets, Continental Air Command (ConAC) was established on 1 December 1948 as a new major command. ConAC was the result of an effort by the new USAF to concentrate all fighter forces deployed within the continental United States to strengthen the air defense of the North American continent. With the establishment of ConAC, Tactical Air Command and Air Defense Command were reduced from major commands to operating agencies under ConAC.

Operations at Wheeler were curtailed on 21 May 1949, the 81st and its parent 81 FW being transferred to Tactical Air Command (TAC)'s Twelfth Air Force at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. At Kirtland, the group was reequipped with F-80C Shooting Star jet aircraft, and later faster F-86A Sabres, [ 1 ] being the third group equipped with the Sabre Jet.

Under ConAC, the 81st FW was redesignated as the 81st Fighter-Interceptor Wing and was attached to Western Air Defense Force on 19 January 1950, while the group became the 81st Fighter-Interceptor Group (81st FIG). [ 1 ] Shortly afterward, on 29 April, the 81st FIG moved to Moses Lake AFB, Washington , its mission changed from training for worldwide deployment under TAC to performing air defense of Eastern Washington, primarily the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. The 93d FIS remained at Kirtland and was reassigned to another wing.

On 1 January 1951, ConAC's mission was limited to support of Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard forces, and Air Defense Command (ADC) returned to major command status and the 81st became part of the new command. On 10 February, the 116th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron from the Washington Air National Guard was called to active federal service as a result of the Korean War, and was assigned as one of the squadrons of the 81st FIG, replacing the 93d which had remained at Kirtland when the group moved in 1950. The 116th remained at its home station, Geiger Field, WA and was upgraded to F-86A Sabres. In addition the wing began receiving additional personnel though the activation of Air Force Reserve units, and the wing was brought up to its authorized strength for the first time since its activation.

United States Air Forces in Europe


After fourteen months at now renamed Larson Air Force Base, the 81st FIG received movement orders to deploy to England. The 81st FIG deployed to two RAF Stations, built for use during World War II and laid out in a decentralized or dispersed plan. One being RAF Bentwaters, the other being RAF Shepherds Grove, both located in East Anglia about forty miles apart. The bulk of the ground station buildings were the metal Nissen hut type, with some wood frame and tar paper buildings, and were grouped together in numbered "sites", widely separated to blend into natural, rustic surroundings for purposes of camouflage. The main administrative building and clubs were of the larger Quonset hut type.

On 1 August 1951, the initial 81st aircraft flew into RAF Shepherds Grove. The group was located at Bentwaters, and worked with Royal Air Force Fighter Command to provide air defense of Great Britain. [ 4 ] It was the first F-86 equipped unit in Europe. [ 5 ] On 1 November 1952, the federalized 116th FIS was returned to the National Guard and its personnel and equipment transferred to the newly activated 78th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron. [ 6 ] In early 1953, the 92d FIS deployed to Furstenfeldbruck Air Base, Germany to identify unknown aircraft penetrating the US Zone of Occupation after a Czech MiG-15 shot down a Republic F-84 in the US Zone. [ 7 ] In April 1954, it changed its mission from air defense to ground attack as the 81st Fighter-Bomber Group and converted to Republic F-84 Aircraft to perform this mission. [ 1 ] [ 4 ] [ 8 ] It was inactivated when United States Air Forces Europe reorganized its nuclear capable wings in the United Kingdom on the dual deputy/support group model and its squadrons were assigned directly to the 81st Fighter-Bomber Wing. [ 1 ]


81st Fighter Group - History

The 559th Tactical Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department as the 81st Bombardment Squadron, Light on 20 November 1940. With assignment to the 12th Bombardment Group, Light the squadron was activated, effective 15 January 1941, at McChord Field, Tacoma, Washington. A cadre for the unit, provided by the 34th Bombardment Squadron, consisted of 27 enlisted men and 1 officer, Major John J. O'Hara, who assumed command. Within a period of six months the squadron's personnel strength had increased to 190 enlisted men and 15 officers.

Restricted at first in the number and type of assigned aircraft to one B-18 , one B-23, and two PT-17s, the 81st Squadron accomplished relatively little flying training prior to the end of 1941. Meanwhile, however, some of its rated personnel spent considerable time away from McChord in attendance at various Air Corps technical schools or on detached service with the Ferrying Command. Having been redesignated a medium bombardment squadron, the unit was equipped with the B-25 Mitchell beginning near the end of January 1942. Yet, it hardly had sufficient time to set up a regular training schedule in the B-25 before the entire 12th Bombardment Group was transferred to Esler Field, Camp Beauregard, Alexandria, Louisiana. As events developed, this move was the first in a series which in just under four years took the unit all the way around the globe.

Soon after arriving at Esler Field the squadron initiated a rigid training program which included all phases of combat flying, bombing, and gunnery. Bombing practice was conducted on the range in the Kisatchie National Forest, while gunnery training was accomplished in Army Air Forces schools at Panama City, Florida, and Las Vegas, Nevada. In order to gain the experience of general operations in the field the squadron spent the week beginning 5 May 1942 on maneuvers near De Ridder, Louisiana, about 100 miles southwest of Alexandria. Late in May the 12th Group dispatched a force of 40 aircraft and approximately 450 officers and enlisted men to Stockton, California, for the purpose of flying patrol missions over Pacific waters. While on the West Coast the aircrews of this detachment engaged also in some routine flying training and in bombing and gunnery practice. The entire force returned from Stockton to Esler Field late in June 1942, by which time the 12th Bombardment Group had orders to move overseas.

The air echelon with its new pink-camouflaged aircraft staged at Morrison Field, West Pam Beach, Florida. Commencing on 14 July it flew the South Atlantic route to Accra, British West Africa. Thence it continued across Africa to Khartoum in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and then on to Cairo, Egypt. By mid-August all elements of the 12th Group's air echelon were in place at their initial overseas stations, those of the 81st and 82d Squadrons being located at Deversoir, Egypt, and others of the 83d and 434th Squadrons being at Ismailia. The ground echelon left Esler Field by train on 3 July for Fort Dix, New Jersey, where it completed overseas processing. Sailing aboard the SS Louis Pasteur from New York on 16 July, it arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone, eight days later. Then after sailing around the Cape of Good Hope, via Durban, South Africa, the vessel arrived at Port Tewfik, Egypt, on 16 August. Two days later the air and ground echelons of the 81st and 82d Squadrons were reunited at Deversoir, while the respective echelons of the 83d and 434th Squadrons were brought together again at Ismailia.

In Africa the 12th Bombardment Group, with its subordinate units, became a part of the United States Army Middle East Air Force (the Ninth Air Force after November 1942). On the verge of entering upon a highly cooperative type of warfare under unfamiliar desert conditions, the tactical units of the 12th Group were fed into existing British Royal Air Force formations. The 81st Squadron and its companion units underwent a brief period of training with and under the supervision of light bomber wings of the Royal Air Force and the South African Air Force. This training included, among other things, five missions which were intended to acquaint the American aircrews with aids to navigation in the Middle East. The first of these missions, flown on the night of 16 August 1942, was a bombing attack on the harbor, port installations, storage areas, and repair depots at Mersa Matruh, a coastal town in northwest Egypt. The raid was followed by attacks on enemy airdromes at Doba and Fuka, and on docks at Tobruk, Libya.

By the end of August 1942 General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps was threatening to push through the line held by General Bernard L. Montgomery's British Eighth Army at El Alamein. In September the 81st Bombardment Squadron went into action with the RAF's Desert Air Force in support of the Eighth Army. One of the unit's earliest and most important missions in that connection was a night raid on Sidi Haneish, in which it lost three bombers. During the weeks which followed the squadron struck numerous blows at enemy landing grounds, transportation facilities, and troop concentrations. In the battle of El Alamein, which ended early in November, the back of the Afrika Korps was broken. For a brief period thereafter, with the enemy forces out of range of the Mitchell bombers, the squadron conducted a training program consisting principally of aerial gunnery, navigational flights, and night landings. Moving ever westward after resuming full-scale combat operations in December, the unit shared in the pursuit of Rommel's forces through Libya to Tripoli, which fell late in January 1943.

In February 1943 the B-25s and aircrews of the 81st and 82d Bombardment Squadrons were sent to Algeria, where they joined elements of the American Twelfth Air Force in support of Allied ground forces pushing eastward. In March the 83d and 434th Squadrons were called upon to make repeated attacks upon the enemy's Mareth Line in Tunisia. Thus the 12th Bombardment Group continued to support the British and American forces in North Africa until the campaign came to an end. The four squadrons of the group were brought together at Hergla, Tunisia, early in June after Tunis had fallen into Allied hands.

Early in June the 12th Group began participation in the Pantellerian campaign by pattern bombing coastal batteries on the island of Pantelleria. On 7 June the 81st Squadron dispatched 12 Mitchell bombers on one of these missions. Each aircraft dropped three 1,000-pound bombs in the target area. Another mission with similar results was flown just four days later. For about three weeks following the capitulation of enemy forces in Pantelleria, on 11 June, the squadron conducted an intensive program for training replacement crews but recently arrived from the Zone of the Interior. Additional aircraft were assigned to the unit also, brining the total from 13 to 24.

The greater part of July was given over to bombing operations directed against enemy-held airdromes, harbor installations, and towns on the island of Sicily. Early in August the unit transferred to Ponte Olivo Airdrome, Sicily, whence it continued to operate against Sicilian targets until the island was completely cleared of the enemy. On 23 August the squadron moved to Gerbini Main Airdrome, Sicily, preliminary to entering to the Italian campaign. From its base in Sicily during September, October, and the early part of November 1943, the 81st Squadron flew numerous missions in support of the American Fifth Army and the British Eighth Army then in the early stages of their invasion of Italy. The types of targets most frequently attacked were rail junctions and railway marshalling yards. Others which received devastating blows by the unit's bombers were airdromes, landing grounds, highway bridges, gun emplacements, and troop concentrations. After taking station at Foggia Main, Italy, on 10 November the squadron, without letting up materially in its attack on Italian targets, increased the range of its bombing missions to include Yugoslavia. Prior to the end of January 1944 it participated in 10 raids on harbor and dock facilities along the Yugoslavian Adriatic coast, 7 at Zara, 2 at Split, and 1 at Sebenik. In addition, the squadron flew a mission against the Mostar Main Airdrome in Yugoslavia and another directed at the Eleusis Airdrome in Greece.

The final combat mission of the 81st Bombardment Squadron in the Italian campaign took form on 30 January 1944 in an intended attack upon an important road junction near Rome. A cloud covering completely obscured the target as the bombers approached, however, so they released no bombs. For the next seven weeks the squadron was engaged in moving from Italy to the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations. On 9 February the entire 12th Group sailed from Taranto, Italy, aboard the English vessel Diwara, for Port Said, Egypt. Thence it traveled by train to Cairo, and then sailed (aboard the Dilwara) from nearby Port Tewfik for Bombay, India. From Bombay it moved by train and a Ganges river boat to Tezgaon Airdrome near Calcutta. Group headquarters, together with the 81st and 82d Squadrons, took station at Tezgaon, while the 83d and 434th Squadrons settled down for the time being at Kermitola Airdrome not far away. On arrival in India the 12th Group was assigned to the Tenth Air Force. Equipped with new medium bombers, it immediately initiated a training program in low-level attack and bombing methods which were being used extensively in that area at the time.

The 81st Bombardment Squadron entered combat in the China-Burma-India Theater on 16 April 1944 when it dispatched 12 Mitchell bombers in an attack upon railway sidings and an enemy supply dump at Mogaung, Burma. Results of the bombing were reported as good, but one of the B-25s failed to return to its base. Eight days later the 81st joined with the 82d Squadron in attacking enemy stores and troop concentrations in the Kazu area. In May the 81st made numerous attacks upon the Tiddim Road in Burma, as well as on railway lines running north and east of Mandalay. Probably the unit's most significant mission during the month was its participation in the bombing of Ningthoukhong, Burma, a key position to the Japanese defensive line. The town was reported to have housed enemy artillery pieces, antitank guns, tanks, and as many as 1,000 troops.

During the next 12 months the 81st Squadron helped to gain air superiority over the Japanese in Burma and provided support for Allied ground forces in driving the enemy completely out of that country. The squadron's efforts were expended principally in bombing attacks on airdromes and airfields, enemy headquarters buildings, roads, highway bridges, gun emplacements, railway bridges, rail junctions, marshalling yards, storage areas, and troop concentrations. Notable was the series of missions which contributed to the capture of Myritkyina by General Joseph W. Stillwell's ground forces early in August. Significant also were the unit's tactical operations during February and March 1945, which helped to bring about the fall of the important cities of Miektila and Mandalay in May.

Not all of the 81st Squadron's combat activities while stationed in the China-Burma-India Theater were restricted to bombing missions in Burma. In September 1944 the unit extended its range of operations to include targets in China. At that time the Japanese, apparently hoping to offset the tactical advantages Allied forces had gained from the capture of Myitkyina, were attempting to throw the Chinese back across the Salween River. The 12th Bombardment Group provided effective support to the Chinese troops engaged in repelling the Japanese offensive. For its part the 81st Squadron participated in a series of eight bombing missions flown for the purpose of attacking enemy stores and troop concentrations, principally in the Chinese cities of Bhamo, Mangshih, and Wanling located near the border between China and Burma.

With the recapture of Burma from the Japanese in the late spring of 1945, combat operations for the 81st Bombardment Squadron virtually were brought to a standstill. At its base in India the unit began transition training in A-26 aircraft. Training ceased, however, with the surrender of Japan in August 1945. The air echelon of the squadron, flying the unit's A-26s, left India on 27 September on the first leg of its journey back to the Zone of the Interior. Postponed time after time, the departure of the ground echelon was delayed, however, almost for three months longer.

Finally, on Christmas Eve 1945 it sailed from Karachi, India, aboard the Hawaiian Shipper, bound for Seattle, Washington. There was a brief stop in the harbor off Singapore, after which the voyage was continued out through the China Sea and into the Pacific. On 21 January the squadron was reduced in strength to one officer and two enlisted men and then inactivated at Fort Lawton, Washington.

Fifteen months later the unit was redesignated a light bombardment squadron. It was activated at Langley Field, Virginia, on 19 May 1947, with assignment to the 12th Bombardment Group, Light. Without ever having been manned, however, the squadron was inactivated at Langley on 10 September 1948.

Effective 27 October 1950, the 81st Bombardment Squadron was redesignated the 559th Fighter-Escort Squadron, and assigned to the Strategic Air Command. On 1 November it was activated at Turner Air Force Base, Albany, Georgia, with further assignment to the 12th Fighter-Escort Group. Early in December 1950 the entire group transferred from Turner Air Force Base to Bergstrom Air Force Base, Austin, Texas.

The primary mission of the 559th Squadron as a tactical unit in a fighter-escort group was to organize and train a force capable of providing immediate fighter escort and air base protection in any part of the world. In January 1951 the squadron began flying training in the F-84 Thunderjet. The program conducted at its home base in Austin at the time consisted principally of routine transition training, night flying, instrument flights, and ground controlled approaches. Bombing and gunnery practice was accomplished at the Matagorda Island Bombing and Gunnery Range on Matagorda Island, just off the Texas coast. Late in April the entire 12th Fighter-Escort Wing (to which the 12th Group was assigned) went on a practice mission to Turner Air Force Base. Early in June the 559th Squadron participated in a long-range escort mission conducted by the 12th Wing. All told, 75 F-84s were involved. After staging at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, they were divided into two sections. One section escorted a large number of B-36 bombers in a simulated bombing mission over New York City. The other section escorted another group of B-36s in a similar mission over Detroit. All the Thunderjets staged at Selfridge Air Force Base, Mt. Clemons, Michigan, before returning to Bergstrom.

In mid-July 1951 the 12th Fighter-Escort Wing went on temporary duty to RAF Station, Manston, England. The move was made by the Military Air Transport Service and by civilian aircraft. Having left its own fighter aircraft at Bergstrom, the wing took over the F-84s of the 31st Fighter-Escort Wing which it replaced at Manston. Operations overseas began during the latter part of July with orientation flights to various United States Air Force bases in England. During August all units of the 12th Wing took part in a 7th Air Division operation which was designed to measure the defense of Norway. While in England the 559th Fighter-Escort Squadron and its two companion units, the 560th and 561st Squadrons, went to Wheelus Field, Tripoli, Libya, for two weeks of gunnery practice. Late in November 1951 the wing began moving back to the United States. The advanced and rear echelons were airlifted all the way from Manston to Austin by MATS aircraft. The second increment sailed aboard the USS General Haan to Newark, New Jersey, and thence made its way to the wing's home base via MATS aircraft. Back at Bergstrom the 12th Wing was equipped with new Thunderjet fighters.

With the inactivation of the 12th Fighter-Escort Group on 16 June 1952, the 559th Squadron was assigned directly to the 12th Fighter-Escort Wing. In January following, the wing was redesignated the 12th Strategic Fighter Wing. At the same time the 559th Squadron and its companion units in the wing were redesignated strategic fighter squadrons. In May 1953 the 12th Wing deployed to Japan for approximately 90 days. The 559th Squadron took station at Chitose Air Base, while the wing headquarters, the 560th Squadron, and the 561st Squadron were stationed at Misawa Air Base. The principal purpose of the deployment was to provide training for the wing and enable it, while operating as a part of the Northern Area Air Defense Command, to augment the Japanese Air Defense Force. Following a brief orientation period, the 12th Wing on 15 May replaced the 508th Strategic Fighter Wing on rotation in Japan. On 12 June the commanding officer of the 559th Squadron, Lt. Col. Paul M. Hall, was killed in an airplane crash while making a ground-controlled approach. The 12th Wing redeployed to Bergstrom Air Force Base in August.

Over a period of several months after returning to its home base in August 1953, the 559th Strategic Fighter Squadron made special efforts to qualify all of its aircrews as combat ready. At the same time it was interested in requalifying combat ready crews in various phases of bombing and gunnery techniques. For these purposes extensive use was made of the bombing and gunnery range facilities on Matagorda Island. In May 1954, however, the 559th Squadron once more deployed to Japan on temporary duty. This time the unit transferred, along with the 12th Wing headquarters and the 560th Squadron, to Misawa Air Base. The 561st Squadron was at Chitose. Again replacing the 508th Strategic Fighter Wing on duty in Japan, the 12th Wing had virtually the same mission there in 1954 as it had in 1953. One of the most important operations during this second tour of duty in the Far East was a series of exercises in which the capabilities of the Northern Air Defense Area were tested. The wing returned to the United States again in August 1954.

While stationed at Bergstrom Air Force base during the next several years the 559th Squadron continued to accomplish the usual training programs (actually conducted in part at the Matagorda Island Bombing and Gunnery Range) and routine training missions incident to the operations of a strategic fighter squadron. There were, however, a number of special missions and other activities. In June 1955, for instance, the unit participated in weapons loading exercise and unit simulated combat mission at Gray Air Force Base, Killeen, Texas. Operating from the forward staging base (Gray AFB), F-84s of the 12th Wing were scheduled to destroy a number of targets simulated on Matagorda Island. On this mission the Thunderjets accomplished air refueling over Roswell, New Mexico.

Meanwhile in May 1955 the 12th Strategic Fighter Wing was selected to represent the Strategic Air Command in the annual fighter competition to be held in connection with the USAF Gunnery Meet in September 1955 at Nellis Air Force Base, Las Vegas, Nevada. A group of candidates began training on Matagorda Island in June. Selected for the competition were two officers from the 12th Wing headquarters, and one each from the 559th, 560th, and 561st Squadrons. Competing at Nellis in September against this special team from the Strategic Air Command were other teams from the Air Defense Command, Far East Air Forces, Tactical Air Command, and United States Air Forces in Europe. At the meet the Strategic Air Command took third place, running behind those of the Far East Air Forces and the United States Air Forces in Europe.

During the early part of May 1956 the 559th Squadron began participation with the 560th Squadron in the deployment of 25 Thunderjets, together with adequate support personnel, for approximately 90 days at Eielson Air Force Base, Fairbanks, Alaska. The purpose of the operation was to furnish a competent fighter offensive within the Alaskan Air Command. In addition to carrying out routine aircrew training, while at Eielson the detachment took part in several Fifteenth Air Force emergency war plan missions. At the conclusion of the temporary duty in Alaska the detachment flew nonstop back to its home base. The 27th Air refueling Squadron provided in-flight refueling for the redeployment.

Plans announced at Bergstrom as early as April 1956 indicated that in due course of time the 559th Squadron would convert from the F-84 aircraft to the long-range turbojet F-101. A tentative schedule for equipping with the F-101 was set for May through October 1957. Training in the new aircraft for aircrews and maintenance personnel of the wing began at Bergstrom in November 1956. This training was discontinued after about a month, however, following a decision by higher headquarters not to equip the wing with the F-101 aircraft.


Talk:81st Fighter-Bomber Group

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2018 yil fevral oyidan boshlab "Tashqi havolalar o'zgartirildi" munozara sahifalari bo'limlari endi yaratilmaydi va kuzatilmaydi InternetArxivBot . Quyidagi arxiv vositasi ko'rsatmalari yordamida muntazam tekshirishdan tashqari, ushbu munozarali sahifadagi bildirishnomalarga nisbatan alohida harakat talab qilinmaydi. Tahrirlovchilar munozaralar sahifalarini tozalashni xohlasalar, "Tashqi havolalar o'zgartirilgan" munozaralar bo'limlarini o'chirish huquqiga ega, lekin tizimli ravishda olib tashlashdan oldin RFC-ni ko'ring. Bu xabar shablon orqali dinamik ravishda yangilanadi <> (oxirgi yangilanish: 2018 yil 15 -iyul).


81st Fighter Group - History

The wing s mission is symbolized by the fabled fiery

dragon, a creature adopted in medieval times with the thought of intimidating

dushmanlar. The dragon s breath of fire renders all opposition

useless, while the stylized boll weevil clutched in the dragon s claw is

81st Fighter Group (dragon was the 81st FG crest, had no Squadron patch's till mid 1950s)

Bestowed Honors. Authorized to display honors earned by the 81st Fighter Group prior to 1 May 1948.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Algeria-French Morocco Tunisia Naples-Foggia Anzio Rome-Arno Air Combat, EAME Theater China Defensive, China Offensive.

Or a dragon salient wings displayed and addorsed Azure armed and langued Gules, incensed proper, holding in its dexter claw a stylized boll weevil Sable.

Motto: LE NOM LES ARMES LA LOYAUTE - The name, the arms, and loyalty.

Approved for the 81st Group on 2 Mar 1943 and the 81st Wing on 14 May 1956 (152220 A.C.).

Men of the 81st FG date and location unknown to me

Guruh Group Type Motto
81 -chi Fighter Le Nom - Les Armes - La Loyaute: The Name, The Arms, and Loyalty

Emblem: On a disc of thirteen alternating vertical stripes, white and red, a horizontal upper division blue. The disc piped yellow, thereon, a wing and a cloud, white, pierced with a lightning flash yellow. (Approved 14 Jun 1951.

Unknown (to me) date of introduction

Leather Patch Unknown (to me) date of introduction

Emblem: On a blue disc edged black, a white cloud issuing from base, a snow-capped mountain peak standing on the mountain peak and surmounting the cloud, a caricatured bird, black with gray head, breast and tail, Air Force golden yellow beak and talons, red eye and breast markings, his wings folded and supporting behind his back a heavy brown wooden club pierced with a "wicked-looking black spike details black throughout. (Approved 6 Aug 1958.)

Black Left to Right Horizontal Bar

SUNDAY, 27 SEPTEMBER 1942, EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO) Twelfth Air Force: Following a series of command changes between 16 and 27 Sep, Brigadier General Thomas W Blackburn becomes Commanding General XII Fighter Command. The War Department assigns to the XII Air Support Command the units which are to constitute its force for the invasion of N Africa: the 5th Bombardment Wing [47th Bombardment Group (Light) and 68th Observation Group], the 7th Fighter Wing (33d and 81st Fighter Groups), and 10 signal, service, and engineer units of various sizes.

TUESDAY, 10 NOVEMBER 1942, NW AFRICA (Twelfth Air Force):The 92d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group, arrives at Port Lyautey, French Morocco from the US with P-39s.

v. 5 Jan 1943, SUNDAY, 3 JANUARY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force):The 91st Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39s, moves from Fedala to Mediouna, French Morocco.

TUESDAY, 5 JANUARY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force) HQ 81st Fighter Group is established at Mediouna, French Morocco upon arrival from the US. The group's 92d Fighter Squadron with P-39s is established at Port Lyautey, French Morocco.

In an organizational change, Allied Air Force is activated to have operational control of Allied air units in Northwest Africa. The new unit includes the USAAF Twelfth Air Force, the RAF Eastern Air Command and such French air units as might be assigned or attached to it. The command serves under the direction of Lieutenant General Dwight Eisenhower, Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces. The USAAF system of area commands in Northwest Africa is reorganized. HQ Twelfth Air Force announces that the Moroccan, West Algerian and Central Algerian Composite Wings (Provisional) are to be replaced by the 2d, 1st and 3d Air Defense Wings, respectively, when they arrive in the theater.

TUESDAY, 12 JANUARY 1942, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force): The 92d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39s transfers from Mediouna, French Morocco to Thelepte, Tunisia.

FRIDAY, 22 JANUARY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force) HQ 81st Fighter Group transfers from Mediouna, French Morocco to Thelepte, Tunisia.

SATURDAY, 23 JANUARY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force), The 91st Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39s transfers from Mediouna, French Morocco to Thelepte, Tunisia.

WEDNESDAY, 17 FEBRUARY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force): The Twelfth Air Force and other organizations of the Allied Air Force are transferred to the North African Air Force (NAAF) which supplants the Allied Air Force. NAAF, in turn, becomes part of the Mediterranean Air Command (MAC), a new air command which comes into existence on this date with RAF Air Chief Marshall Arthur Tedder as commander. MAC also includes the RAF Middle East Air Command (later RAF, Middle East) and the RAF Malta Air Command (later RAF, Malta). The Commanding General of NAAF is General Carl Spaatz, USAAF. The two airfields at Thelepte, with 124 operational aircraft on the, are abandoned because of the German advance. Eighteen unflyable aircraft are burned after 60,000 gallons (227,100 liters) of aviation fuel are poured on them. HQ 81st Fighter Group and its 91st and 92d Fighter Squadrons with P-39s transfer from Thelepte, Tunisia to Le Kouif Airfield, Algeria.

FRIDAY, 19 FEBRUARY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (North African Air Force) The 93d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39s transfers from Port Lyautey, French Morocco to Berteaux, Algeria.

22 Feb 1943 WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (North African Air Force)

MONDAY, 22 FEBRUARY 1943, HQ 81st Fighter Group and its 91st and 92d Fighter Squadrons with P-39s transfer from Le Kouif Airfield, Algeria to Youks-les-Bains, Algeria.

24 Feb 1943 WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (North African Air Force)

WEDNESDAY, 24 FEBRUARY 1943, HQ 81st Fighter Group and its 91st and 92d Fighter Squadrons with P-39s transfer from Youks-les-Bains, Algeria to Le Kouif Airfield, Algeria reversing a move made last Wednesday.

v. Mar 1943, FRIDAY, 5 MARCH 1943, HQ 81st Fighter Group transfers from Le Kouif Airfield, Algeria to Thelepte, Tunisia.

SATURDAY, 6 MARCH 1943, The 92d and 93d Fighter Squadrons, 81st Fighter Group with P-39s transfer from Le Kouif Airfield, Algeria to Thelepte, Tunisia.

WEDNESDAY, 10 MARCH 1943, The 93d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39s transfers from Berteaux, Algeria to Youks-les-Bains, Algeria.

MONDAY, 29 MARCH 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force), The 92d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39's transfers from Thelepte, Tunisia to Youks-les-Bains, Algeria.

SATURDAY, 3 APRIL 1943, HQ, 81st Fighter Group and its 93d Fighter Squadron with P-39's transfer from Thelepte, Tunisia to Bone, Algeria to patrol the coast of Africa and protect Allied shipping in the Mediterranean.

MONDAY, 5 APRIL 1943, Today starts Operations FLAX (5-22 Apr) which is designed to destroy, in the air and on the ground, enemy air transports and escorts employed in ferrying personnel and supplies to Tunisia.

TUESDAY, 6 APRIL 1943, The 92d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group with P-39's transfers from Youks-les-Bains, Algeria to Maison Blanche, Algeria.

TUESDAY, 11 MAY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force), The 92d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group, with P-39's, transfers from Maison Blanche, Algeria to Warnier, Algeria.

v. 26 May 1943, SATURDAY, 22 MAY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force), The 93d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group transfers with P-39's from Bone, Algeria to Monastir, Tunisia.

SUNDAY, 23 MAY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force), The 91st Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group transfers with P-39's from Bone, Algeria to Sfax, Tunisia.

WEDNESDAY, 26 MAY 1943, WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force), HQ 81st Fighter Group transfers from Algeria to Monastir, Tunisia.


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Sqdn Code Turi Sanalar Sharh
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