Yangi

Pat Olifant

Pat Olifant

Patrik Olifant 1935 yilda Avstraliyaning Adelaida shahrida tug'ilgan Adelaida reklama beruvchi, 1964 yilda AQShga ko'chib o'tdi va tashkilotga qo'shildi Denver Post. 1967 yilda Pulitser mukofotiga sazovor bo'lganidan so'ng, Olifant o'z uyiga ko'chib o'tdi Vashington yulduzi.

Olifant ochiqchasiga aytdi: "Hazil -mutoyibaning o'zi maqsadga aylanib qolmasidan yaxshiroq narsa yo'q va tezlik kun talablariga mos kelmaydi, xabar dahshatli darajada zaiflashadi, agar u bekor qilinmasa. Men qo'rqinchli bir xillikni multfilmdan ko'ra hal qilyapman. yana - muammoni hal qilish uchun kulgili multfilm. "


PAT OLIPHANT - ORGINAL ART imzolangan - HFSID 78856

PAT OLIPHANT
Pulitser mukofotiga sazovor bo'lgan karikaturachi Pat Oliphant's Punk-ning "Eng yaxshi tilaklar" bilan imzolangan kartochkadagi asl chizilgan rasm.
Asl san'at "Patri Oliphant uchun/Merry Manuel/Eng yaxshi tilaklar/" bilan imzolangan. Noma'lum qo'lda ko'k siyoh yozuvlari. 5x3 o'lchamli indeks kartasi. Siyosiy karikaturachi mukofotga sazovor Olifant, 1934 yilda tug'ilgan, ega nufuzli va keng tarqalgan multfilmlari uchun Pulitser mukofoti va Milliy karikaturachilar jamiyatining "Yilning karikaturachisi" mukofoti - Ruben mukofotiga sazovor bo'ldi. bo'lganlar Kongress kutubxonasi tomonidan yig'ilgan va Vashingtondagi Milliy portret galereyasida namoyish etilgan. 1950 yildan beri multfilm bilan shug'ullanadigan Olifant ingliz multfilmlarining aqlli va tafsilotlarini (Oliphant Avstraliyadan) amerikalik multfilmlarning aniq va ravshan uslubi bilan uyg'unlashtiradi. Badiiy bo'lmagan maktab o'quvchilari, ehtimol, Olifantning ishini tanqid qiladilar, chunki u o'zining barcha multfilmlarida o'zining istehzoli izohlari bilan ko'rsatiladigan pingvinga o'xshash qush Punk. Engil ohangda va ifloslangan, aks holda yaxshi holatda.

Taklif yuborilgandan so'ng foydalanuvchilar 48 soat ichida o'z elektron pochta manzili bilan bog'lanishadi. Bizning javobimiz sizning taklifingizni qabul qilish, taklifingizni rad etish yoki sizga oxirgi qarshi taklifni yuborish bo'ladi. Barcha takliflarni HistoryForSale hisob qaydnomangizdagi "Hujjat takliflari" maydonidan ko'rish mumkin. Taklif qilishdan oldin, taklif qilish shartlarini ko'rib chiqing.

Agar sizga 24 soat ichida taklifni qabul qilish yoki qarshi taklifni qabul qilmagan bo'lsangiz, spam/keraksiz elektron pochta jildingizni tekshiring.


Tavsiya etilgan o'qish

"Bu do'kon Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarining har bir yangi prezidentiga bepul soch olish imkonini beradi"

Amerika katolikligiga haqiqiy xavf

Uilyam Barrning Trump bilan ajralishi ichida

Pulitser mukofoti va boshqa mukofotlar va mukofotlarning katta miqdori bilan, u hali ham Universal Uclick uchun haftada uchta karikaturani ishlab chiqaradi. O'zining multfilmchilar ro'yxatidan sindikat Olifantni "o'rtada" tashlab, na liberallarga, na konservatorlarga ustunlik berdi. Demokratlar ham, respublikachilar ham bu borada muntazam bahslashishadi. Uning rasmlari Qo'shma Shtatlardagi 250 ga yaqin nashrlarga va Koreya Respublikasi, Yaponiya, Braziliya, Frantsiya va boshqa joylardagi xalqaro nashrlarga tarqatiladi. Uning siyosiy karikaturaga bag'ishlangan ma'ruzalari, har doim sahnada katta rasmlar yaratib, uni universitet kampuslariga va Sharqiy Evropadan Turkiyaga, Davosgacha bo'lgan tomoshabinlarga olib bordi.

Hozir 79 yoshda bo'lgan Olifant, ko'pchilik siyosiy arboblarning absurdligi (eng yaxshisi) va ular aytgan va qilayotgan ishlarga ishonmaslikka ishonadi. U omadli bo'lganidan xursand bo'lib, shunday deydi: "Ular bu narsalarni yaratadilar, men buni tasvirlashim kerak. Men jimgina o'tiraman va bu menga keladi ».

U gazeta va jurnallarning taqdiri haqida, ularni o'qiydiganlar, xoh bosma, xoh Internetda, ham ularni nashr etuvchi, ham tahrir qiladigan odamlar, ham "mamlakatni ushlab turuvchi siyosatchilar" ning taqdiri haqida kam hazil qiladi. doira ichida. ” U ko'p tarixni o'qiydi, deydi u, "ular buni yana qilyaptimi yoki yo'qligini bilish uchun".

Olifantni, agar u hazil yoki kulgili yangi qalam va siyohli idishga chidab bo'lmaydigan kulgili va kulgiga tayyor bo'lmaganda, bema'ni deb atash mumkin edi. Men u bilan Nyu-Meksiko shtatining Santa-Fe shahrida uchrashdim, u erda u san'at galereyasi egasi Syuzan Konvey, rafiqasi, menejeri, o'ychanligi va uning og'ir Diogen lampasini yoqtirmagan tarafdorlari bilan 20 yil yashadi. Bu intervyu qisqartirilgan va tahrir qilingan.

Les Daly: Besh yil oldin, va u inauguratsiyasidan atigi 35 kun o'tgach, siz Prezident Obamani o'z muammolariga javob so'ragan va ibodat qilayotgan olomon tepasida, sirli, aql bovar qilmaydigan va uzoqdagi Fisih oroli haykali sifatida tasvirladingiz. Bu bugun hamma gapirayotgan Obama. Bu g'ayrioddiy va sezgir emasmi?

Pat Olifant: Men buni olaman. Menda u haqida shunday tuyg'u bor edi, ehtimol u u erda bo'lmasligi kerak deb o'ylagandir. Biz uni hech qachon bo'lmagan va hali ham mavjud bo'lmagan fazilatlarni izlagan edik va orttirdik. Aytishim kerakki, menda ham shunday umidlar bor edi.

2009 yil 24 -fevral (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Sakkiz oy o'tgach, siz uni yana Pasxa orolida topdingiz, u hali ham shaffof edi. Siz uni aniq bir masala yuzasidan qanchalik g'azablanganini so'rashganini tasvirladingiz va u "juda" deb javob berdi. Pasxa oroli u uchun sizning uzoq kutish joyingizmi?

Olifant: U o'sha bosqichda ham xayol surardi. Agar u menga kerak bo'lsa, u o'sha erda bo'ladi.

2009 yil 26 oktyabr (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Keling, chizilgan taxtangizga bog'lagan boshqa siyosatchilar haqida gapiraylik.

Olifant: Men bu erga [1964] Jonson-Golduoter kampaniyasi o'rtalarida keldim. Men Avstraliyadan keldim, hech narsa bo'lmaydigan mamlakat. Bu erda joy qutblangan edi, chunki u doimo shunday bo'ladi. Va bu karikaturachilar uchun baxtli ov joyidir, agar siz shunday fikrda bo'lsangiz. O'ylaymanki, siyosatning o'zi eng zerikarli narsadir. Siz bu bilan shug'ullanadigan charlatanlarni o'rganishni yoqtirasiz. Siyosatning hiylasi men uchun qiziq emas. Bu odamlarning xiyonati. Siyosatchilar jirkanch odamlardir, ba'zi istisnolardan tashqari.

Deyli: Bugun ba'zi istisnolarni nomlang.

Olifant: (Uzoq pauza. Keyin juda uzoq pauza.) Styuart Udall, Kennedi ichki ishlar kotibi, yaxshi odam edi. U yaqin atrofda yashardi. Uning o'g'li Tom Udall, Nyu -Meksikodan hozirgi senator. U ham yaqin atrofda yashaydi.

Deyli: Yaxshi mahalla, lekin tirik yoki o'lik jirkanch siyosatchilardan boshqa istisnolar yodga tushadimi?

Olifant: (Yana uzoq tanaffus.) Men o'ylayapman. Men o'ylayman.

Deyli: Siz uchrashgan prezidentlardan birortasi sizga yoqdimi?

Olifant: Men siyosatchilardan uzoq turishni yaxshi ko'raman. Birinchi darsim Goldwater bilan uchrashish edi, garchi bu saylovdan keyin bo'lsa ham. Men uni nihoyatda yoqtirardim. Men buni takrorlashga yo'l qo'ymasligimni tushundim. Va men qilmaslikka harakat qildim. Men qabulxonada Jonson bilan uchrashdim. Bilasizmi, u menga nima dedi? "Xadya-du." Hammasi shu edi. Davom etish. Jerri Ford yaxshi yigit edi. U ishdan ketganidan so'ng, u meni Palm -Springsdagi yig'ilishga kelishga chaqirdi. U telefonga o'zi qo'ng'iroq qildi, buni hech kim qila olmadi. Uning "yuqoriga yiqilish" qobiliyatini eslab, men uning oldiga bordim va peshonasiga bandaj chizdim. Bu adolatli emas edi, lekin u buni yaxshi qabul qildi. Maxfiy xizmat bundan xursand bo'lmadi. "Siz bu shaharda boshqa hech qachon rasm chizolmaysiz."

Deyli: Ronald Reygan haqida nima deyish mumkin? Hamma uni yoqtirmadimi?

Olifant: Reygan Oq uydagi Ruzvelt xonasida bir nechta karikaturachilarni qabul qildi. U ichkariga kirdi va hamma narsa juda qulay edi, u cho'ntagiga 3-dan 5-gacha bo'lgan suhbat kartalarini olib: "Men har kuni har doim komikslarni o'qishdan boshlayman", dedi. Hammamiz: "Yo'q, iltimos, yo'q", deb o'yladik. U o'zini karikaturachi deb o'ylardi, lekin u bizga biror narsa chizganida, bu nima ekanligini hech kim bilmasdi va biz undan hech qachon so'ramaganmiz. U o'zidan juda mamnun ko'rinardi. Men "Junior" Bush bilan uchrashgan yagona vaqtim, u hali Texas gubernatori bo'lganida, Bush xonim uyushtirgan kitob tadbirida edi. U xushmuomala, do'stona va yoqimtoy odam edi. Men o'yladim, mana yana qaytamiz. Men aytmoqchi bo'lgan narsa - siz aytolmaysiz.

Deyli: Yarim asr davomida siyosatga qarasangiz, nimani ko'ryapsiz?

Olifant: Men tarix darsini ko'raman. Mamlakat davralarda ishlaydi. Men tarixni ko'p o'qiyman va ular ham xuddi shunday qilishayotganini bilaman. Har bir ma'muriyat aylana shaklida bo'lib, keyingi boshqaruvga, keyingi avlodga va keyingi avlodga xuddi shunday yo'l tutadi. Korruptsiya va umidsizlik bor, lekin hech narsa qilinmaganga o'xshaydi. Ammo karikaturachi uchun bu yaxshi. Biz faqat ularning ismlarini o'zgartirishimiz kerak.

Birinchi yilda yuzlarni chizish qiyin, chunki hech kim bu odamlarning ko'rinishini bilmaydi va ularning karikaturasi shakllanmagan. Ular tanishganidan so'ng, siz karikaturani o'rnatganingizdan so'ng, siz yaxshisiz. Keyin ular karikaturaga o'xshaydi. Bugun Obama va Pasxa oroliga qarang.

Deyli: Siz eng yaxshi prezidentlik karikaturasi uchun ovoz berasizmi?

Olifant: Respublika uchun yaxshi bo'lgan narsa karikaturachilar uchun yaxshi bo'lmasligi mumkin. Va aksincha.

Deyli: Sizda vaqti -vaqti bilan qaytadigan sevimli mavzularingiz bor, to'g'rimi?

Olifant: Katolik cherkovi yillar davomida men uchun yaxshi bo'ldi. Ruhoniylar qurbongoh o'g'illarini haqorat qilganliklari uchun hamma joyda ushlanganlarida, ular men uchun juda katta voqeaga aylandilar. Bu dahshatli edi. Bu chiroyli multfilmlar uchun yaratilgan. Multfilmlar katolik cherkovi nashrlarida biroz shov -shuvga sabab bo'ldi.

2002 yil 20 mart (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Mening mavzuimga qaytish uchun yana bir imkoniyat, Xans Bliks BMTning Iroqda yashiringan qurollarni topishga urinayotgan inspektori bo'lganida paydo bo'ldi. Menda Bushning oldiga shoshib kelgan xodim bor edi, unga aytadiki, Bliksda Vashingtondagi pichoqlarning katta maxfiy zaxirasi borligini isbotlagan. Bu mening Vashington haqidagi fikrimni to'liq aks ettirdi: u haromlarga to'la.

2003 yil 17 -iyun (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Siz Jorj Bushni lavozimda qisqartirmadingizmi?

Olifant: U allaqachon kichrayib qolgan edi. Va u jim bo'lib qoldi.

Deyli: Karter bilan shunday bo'lgan, shunday emasmi?

Olifant: Men uni qanday chizgan bo'lsam, u kichrayib boraverdi. Oyoqlari erga tegmadi. Ammo uning tishlari juda katta edi. U Chikletlarning ajoyib to'plami bilan yodda qoladi.

2004 yil 15 -iyun (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Siz tafsilotlarni g'azab bilan chizish uchun juda ko'p siyoh ishlatgandeksiz, ba'zida hamma narsani ramkaga sig'dira olasiz. Siz fikr bildirish uchun kerak bo'lgandan ko'ra ko'proq ishlamaysizmi?

Olifant: Men rasm chizishni yaxshi ko'raman va ba'zida adashib qolaman. Menga shunchalik yoqadiki, men chizishni va chizishni davom ettiraman va chizma rivojlanib borgan sari siz boshqa imkoniyat va joylarni ko'rishingiz mumkin. Siz bunday multfilmlarga kirganingizda, bu kun uzoq davom etishini ko'rishingiz mumkin, lekin nima bo'ldi?

Deyli: Iloji boricha multfilmlaringizga olomon to'plashga moyilsiz.

Olifant: Ha, va men doim shoshganimda shunday bo'ladi. Men ba'zida o'z ahmoqligimga asir bo'laman. Qancha ko'p odam qo'ysam, shunchalik baxtli bo'laman. Men shoshgan paytlarimdan tashqari, mening ishtiyoqim belgilangan muddatga to'g'ri kelmaydi. Siz g'ayratni davom ettirishingiz kerak. Bu multfilmda siz shoshayotganingizni ko'rsatmasligi kerak. Agar siz tez ishlayotgan bo'lsangiz, bu o'z -o'zidan paydo bo'ladi.

2014 yil 20 -avgust (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Olifant multfilmining boshqa tez taniladigan elementi - bu sizning do'stingiz Punk. Haqiqatan ham nimani o'ylayotganingizni aytish uchun siz yordamchi sifatida Punk bilan ventrilokist emassiz?

Olifant: Men ilgari bunday gaplarni eshitmaganman, lekin ha, u mening o'zgaruvchan egoim. Agar menda qo'shimcha fikrlar bo'lsa, men uni fikrini kengaytirish uchun, uning so'zlari bilan yana bir bor ifodalashim mumkin edi. Ba'zida pingvinlar Avstraliyaning janubiga Antarktidadan etib kelishadi, shuning uchun men uni o'sha paytdagi ob -havo multfilmlari bilan tanishtirdim. U aqlli eshak bo'lsin, men aqlli eshak emasman. U yaxshi reaktsiyaga ega edi, shuning uchun men uni ushlab turdim va o'zim bilan birga Amerikaga olib keldim. Men bu erda u bilan nima qilmoqchi bo'lganim haqida ko'p o'ylamaganman. Menga buni qilish juda yoqdi.

1988 yil 7 -dekabr (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Siz qilayotgan ishingiz ishlimi yoki bu qiziqmi?

OIiphant: Men buni 60 yil, 50 yil shu mamlakatda qildim. Men bu bilan o'lishni xohlamayman. Men rasm chizishni yaxshi ko'raman, lekin men xohlagan darajada qilmagan boshqa ishlarim ko'p - haykaltaroshlik, litografiya, monotiplar. Belgilangan muddatga bormasdan, men ham qilishni yaxshi ko'raman.

Deyli: Siyosiy multfilmlarning ta'siri siz qilganingizda o'zgarmadimi?

Olifant: Hatto so'nggi 10 yil ichida ham karikaturachilarning ta'siri ancha kamaygan. Bu, albatta, katta umidsizlik. Bu san'atning olijanob va hayotiy turi, taxminan 600 yil davom etib, Leonardoga va Goyaning grotesk figuralariga qaytgan. Qisman, bu gazetalarning o'zlari tomonidan sabotaj qilingan. Ular o'z kontentlarini Internetda tarqatishmoqda va biznesda qanday qolishni tushunmayaptilar. Tahrirlovchilar va noshirlar - katta umidsizlik. Sizda hozir o'qimaydigan muharrirlar bor. Men bir marta milliy jurnalda Jonni Applesid sifatida Reyganning multfilmini suratga olganman. Reygan urug 'sepishda davom etdi va uning orqasida ifloslanish to'lqinlari o'sdi. Muharrir Jonni Applesid kimligini bilmas edi. Hamma Shekspirning iqtiboslarini erkin ishlatar va ularni dolzarb muammoga, masalan, qat'iyatsizlik bilan qo'llardi. Bilasizmi, "Afsuski, bechora Yorik." Siz endi buni qilolmaysiz. Siz: "Boshsuyagi bor bu odamga nima bo'ldi?"

2014 yil 13 -avgust (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Gazeta noshirlari hech kimni xafa qilishni xohlamaydilar va muharrirlar, ularning yordamchilari, o'ynashdan juda xursand. Gazetalarda bahs -munozaralar yoqmaydi. Bill Mauldin - Herblok va Pol Konrad bilan bir qatorda, u men boshlaganimda, amerikalik multfilm ustalari tanlagan edi - bu taxminan 10-15 yil oldin sodir bo'lganini ko'rdi va: "Men buni boshqa qilishni xohlamayman", dedi. Ma'lum bo'lishicha, u haq edi.

Yana bir muhim omil bor: ta'lim. Malumot ramkalari yo'qoldi. Siz karikaturaning nima ekanligini bilish uchun multfilmni qadrlash uchun ma'lumot tizimiga ega bo'lishingiz kerak. Odamlar yangiliklarni o'qish bilan shug'ullanmaydilar, bu sizga karikaturaning nima ekanligini bilish imkonini beradi, bu esa siz qabul qilingan donolikka yoki qabul qilingan donolikka bog'liq emas. Biz o'rmonda jaholat olovida turibmiz.

2014 yil 25 -iyul (Pat Oliphant/Universal Uclick)

Deyli: Ba'zida siz kulgili, g'azablangan va g'azablangan o'rtasida yashaysiz.

Olifant: Va dahshatga tushdi. G'azablanishni unutmang.

Biz xayrlashayotganimizda, Pat Olifant o'z uyining yog'och darvozasi yonida turdi va men oxirgi marta oldingi savolga qaytishimdan oldin u kulib qo'ydi: "Men o'ylayapman ... o'ylayapman".


Klan Olifant

Garchi bu davom etayotgan tadqiqotlar mavzusi bo'lib qolsa -da, bu klanning hozirgi kungacha ma'lum bo'lgan birinchi a'zosi - Rojer Olifard, u Earl Simon tomonidan Sent -Endryu, Northemptonning Clunik priori tuzilishiga asos bo'lgan. [3] Xartiya 1093 va 1100 yillar oralig'ida tuzilgan va Rojerning o'zi har yili bu shoxobchaga 3 shilin ajratgan. [4]

Olifantlar XII asrga kelib Angliyadagi Northemptonshir atrofidagi erlarni egallagan Norman kelib chiqishi edi. [2] Nortemptonshir shtatining Domesday shahrida grafinya Juditning mulki bo'lgan "Lillfordda, Villelmus Olyfartda" eslatib o'tilgan. [5] Shuningdek Quvur rulosi, 31 Tovuq. Men Northemptonshirlik Uilyam Olifard va Xantingdonshirlik Xyu Olifard haqida gapiraman. [5] Uilyam Lilfordda (Lillford) Shotlandiya qiroli haqining beshta terisini ushlab turar edi, Stokeslik Xyu Olifard esa 1120 yilgacha Petersboro Abbotining xizmatida ritsar bo'lgan.

Olifardlar oilasining avlodi "Devid Xolifard" edi, Shotlandiya qiroli Devid I ning xudojo'yi va 1141 yilda uning himoyachisi, shuningdek, Northemptonshirda Lilford (Lillford) da bo'lgan, bu Northamptonshir oilasining Shotlandiya bilan aloqasini ko'rsatgan. [5] Devid Uilyam Olifardning o'g'li edi, u Kembridgeshire (1158), Nortgemptonshir (1163) va Xantingdonshir (1168 va 1169) quvurlarida aytilgan. U 1141 yildagi Vinchester jangi paytida otasi, Shotlandiyalik Devid Ini qo'lga olishdan qutqardi. [2] [7] Devid Roxburghshirdagi Kreyling va Smayolxolm erlarini ushlab turdi va Lotian Yustikari sifatida xizmat qildi. [2] U 1170 yildan keyin qayd etilmagan va ko'p o'tmay vafot etgan. [8] Dovudning o'g'illaridan biri Uilyam Sherga garovga yuborilgan. [2]

Devid Olifardning o'g'li ser Valter Olifard, ikkinchi Justiciar, 1173 yilda Fercharning qizi Kristianga turmushga chiqdi, Strathearn grafining eri Strageat erlari edi. [9]

Shotlandiya mustaqillik urushlari tahrir

Oliphant nomi 1296 yildagi Ragman Rolls -da Angliya qiroli Edvard Iga topshirilgan. [2] Biroq, ko'pchilik shotlandlar singari ingliz qiroliga sodiq qasam ichishga majbur bo'lganlaridek, olifantlar ham tez orada Shotlandiya mustaqilligi sababini olishdi. [2]

Shotlandiya mustaqilligi urushlari paytida ser Uilyam Olifant Dunbar jangida qatnashdi (1296) va Angliyadagi Devizz shahrida asir olindi va qamoqqa tashlandi. [8] U qo'yib yuborildi va Stirling qal'asining konstabli etib tayinlandi. 1304 yilda Stirling Shotlandiya qo'lida qolgan oxirgi qal'a edi. Angliya qiroli Eduard I qasrni taslim bo'lishidan oldin uch oy qamal qildi. [10] Ser Uilyam yana qo'lga olindi va London minorasiga yuborildi. [2] [11] Keyinchalik u ozod qilindi va Angliya qiroli Edvard II tomonidan Pert gubernatori etib tayinlandi. [8] Keyinchalik Pert qirol Robert Bryus tomonidan qo'lga olindi va Ser Uilyam zanjirband qilingan holda G'arbiy orollarga jo'natildi, u erda u o'lgan deb taxmin qilinadi. [8] Hech qanday yozuvlarda u haqida boshqa hech narsa aytilmagan. [8]

Uning amakivachchasi, Uber Oliphant, Aberdalgi lordlari ham Dunbar jangida qatnashgan va asir olingan va Rochester qal'asiga jo'natilgan, Angliya qiroli Edvard I xizmatiga rozilik berganidan keyin qo'yib yuborilgan. chet elda. [12] U Shotlandiyaga qaytib keldi va u erda amakivachchasi Ser Uilyam Olifantning qo'li ostida Stirling qal'asi qo'mondonligi bo'yicha ikkinchi o'rinni egalladi. [13] U yana qo'lga olindi, bu safar Uollingford qal'asida qamoqda. Ser Uilyam kamida 1313 yilga kelib ozod qilindi va inglizlarni mag'lub etish uchun davom etgan kurashda Bryusga xizmat qildi. U 1320 yil 6 aprelda Arbroat deklaratsiyasini imzolaganlardan biri edi va uning muhri hali ham ko'rinib turibdi. [14] Keyinchalik u Angus, Gask va Nyutildagi Galereyada, Pertshirda er bilan taqdirlandi. Unga Edinburg yaqinidagi Muirxaus erlari Kincardineshirda qirol Jon de Baliol tomonidan olingan erlar uchun kompensatsiya sifatida berilgan. [15]

Ser Uolter Olifant, Aberdalji lord va ser Uilyamning o'g'li, qirol Robert Bryusning kenja qizi malika Yelizaveta bilan uylandi. [16] 1364 yilga kelib, Uolter Kelli va Gask Aberdalji va Dupplin erlarini tekin baroniyada ushlab oldi. [17]

Ser Jon Oliphant, Aberdalgie Lord, ser Valterning o'g'li edi va otasining o'rnini egalladi. U 1388 yil 10 -dekabrda qirol Robert II ning otasining barcha erlari uchun tojdan tortib olingan nizomga ega edi. Ser Jonning to'rtta aka -ukalari bor edi: Birinchisi, Ser Uolter, 1 -Kelli, otasi Kelli va Pitkeirri erlarini etkazgan, ikkalasi ham Fife sherifligida, bu Robert II tomonidan tasdiqlangan. 1379 yil 20 oktyabrda, ikkinchidan, Makkolm Olifant, ukasi Sir Jon Olifantdan 1412 yil 13 yanvarda Xazelxed erlari uchun xartiya olgan va bu erlar kelgusi yillarda yuqori lavozimga qaytganligi aniq. . Uchinchi, Uilyam Olifant, qirolning ikkinchi amakivachchasi bo'lishiga qaramay, ukasi Artur bilan 1413/1414 yillarda Pertda, Strathearn grafligi Patrikning o'ldirilishida ishtirok etgani uchun qatl etilgan. 1413 yilda To'rtinchidan, Artur Olifant. [18]

XV asr va klan ziddiyatlari Tartibga solish

Ser Uilyam Olifant, 1417 yilda otasining o'rnini egalladi va 1424 yil 28 martda qirol ozod qilinganidan keyin Angliyaga jo'natildi va saqlanib qoldi. U 1425 yil dekabrda ozod qilindi, lekin 1428 yil 12 avgustda vafot etdi. [19]

Ser Jon Olifant, Aberdalji Lordi 1428 yil 12 avgustga qadar otasining o'rnini egalladi va 1441 yilda Krenshouz erlarida bobosi Ser Jon Olifantning merosxo'ri bo'lib xizmat qildi. [20] 1445 yilda Sir Jon Olifant Arbroat jangida o'ldirildi. , [21] Klan Lindsayga qarshi klan jangida Klan Ogilvini qo'llab -quvvatlagan. [ iqtibos kerak ]

Ser Lorens Olifant Aberdalji 145 yilda otasining o'rnini egallagan Ser Jonning o'g'li edi [22] va voyaga etganida 1458 yilda Shotlandiya Jeyms II tomonidan Parvardigor Lordi yaratildi. [2] Keyinchalik Edinburg qal'asining qo'riqchisi edi. [2] U 1498/99 yil 1 -fevralda Lordlar Auditorlari sessiyasida qatnashganidan ko'p o'tmay vafot etdi. [22]

XVI asr va Angliya-Shotlandiya urushlari tahrir

Angliya-Shotlandiya urushlari paytida ser Lorens Olifantning nabirasi 1513 yildagi Flodden jangida o'ldirilgan, nabirasi esa 1542 yilda Solvey Moss jangida asir olingan. [2]

To'rtinchi Lord Olifant Shotlandiya malikasi Maryamni qo'llab -quvvatladi va 1568 yilda Langsayd jangida u uchun jang qildi. [2]

Boshliqning to'ng'ich o'g'li, boshqa Lorens, deb nomlanuvchi fitnada ishtirok etgan Ruthven Raid Klan Rutven boshchiligida, Shotlandiya qiroli Jeyms VIni o'g'irlab ketish uchun va 1582 yilda surgun qilingan. [2] U va uning sherigi Morton ustasi suzib ketgan kema dengizda yo'qolgan. [2]

17 -asr sud ishi va fuqarolar urushi Edit

5 -lord Olifant vafot etganda, qizi qoldi, lekin o'g'li yo'q edi, qizining eri, Duglas va Angus grafining akasi, Olifantning tengdoshligini urg'ochi deb bilishadi. Sudda, Angliya Charlz I, qizi va eri uchun Lord Mordingtonning yangi unvonini yaratdi, Lord Oliphantning ustunligi bilan va eng yaqin erkak amakivachchasi Patrik Olifantga yangi Lord Oliphant unvonini yaratdi. [2]

Klan Olifantining asosiy filiallari yakobitlar ishiga bag'ishlangan va Charlz Olifant, to'qqizinchi Lord Oliphant 1689 yilda Killiecrankie jangida jang qilgan va keyin qamoqqa tashlangan. [2]

18 -asr va Yakobitlarning ko'tarilishi Tahrir

Patrik Olifantning o'g'li Charlz Olifant, to'qqizinchi Lord Oliphant, 1707 yildagi Ittifoq shartnomasiga keskin qarshilik ko'rsatdi va 1715 yil yakobitda uning amakivachchasi Gask Olifantiga qo'shildi. [2] O'ninchi va oxirgi Lord Olifant yakobitda faol rol o'ynadi. 1745 y. ko'tarilish. [2] Kulloden jangidagi mag'lubiyatdan keyin u avval Shvetsiyaga, keyin esa Frantsiyaga qochdi. [2] Unga 1763 yilda Shotlandiyaga qaytishga ruxsat berildi, lekin Gannoverliklarga qarshi chiqishidan qaytmadi. [2]

Gasolina Oliphant Lairdning qizi Karolina Olifant (Lady Nairne) - taniqli yakobit shoiri. [2]

Zamonaviy vaqt tahrir

Klan bosh muharriri

    : Richard Erik Lorens Olifant o'sha Ilk, 2003 yil 12 -iyunda lion qurol podshohi Lord Lion tomonidan "Oliphant nomi va qurol boshlig'i" va birinchi lord Olifantning merosxo'ri sifatida tayinlangan [23], shu sababli Lord Olifantning barcha uchta ijodiga, shu jumladan ikkinchi yaratilishga. 1633 yil 2 -iyun, Lord Aberdalgi va Lord Duplin 1460 -yilgacha yaratilgan.iqtibos kerak], shuningdek, shahzoda Charlz Edvard Styuart tomonidan 1760 yil 14 -iyulda Rimda Lorens Olifant uchun yaratilgan yakobitlarning tengdoshlariga.

Klan boshliqlari tahrirlash

  • BACHILTON OLIPHANT, CULTEUCHAR OLIPHANT & AMP CARPOW OLIPHANTBachiltonlik Devid Olifant Bachiltonning "bitta tukli" boshlig'i bo'lsa -da, bu uchtasi "da'vo qilinmoqda". Bachilton - bu erta novdalar tarmog'i va Fife shahridagi yirik er egalari Culteuchar olifantlari bilan chambarchas bog'liq.
  • KONDI OLIFANI: Klan boshlig'i, shuningdek, Kondining boshlig'i. Ushbu filialning tarkibiga kontr-admiral akasi-elchi (Sir Lanselot Olifant "Obligatsiyalardagi elchi" muallifi) sharqiy Hindiston sharafli kompaniyasi raisi (podpolkovnik Jeyms Olifant) kiradi, u ham qirolicha Viktoriya tomonidan otliq va Maharaja Duleep Singxning vasiysi, Tseylon bosh sudyasi (ser Entoni Olifant), qahva zanglab ketganda, birinchi bo'lib o'z bog'idagi choy butalaridan baland tog'larda choy ko'chirib, ekdi va bu mamlakatning choy sanoatini yaratdi. ikkita general (ser Lorens Jeyms Olifant), ikki shotlandiyalik deputat va Tomas Olifant (musiqachi va rassom) (1799–1873), Uels shahzodasi Edvard Albert va Daniya malikasi Aleksandraning to'yiga xor yozdilar (keyinchalik Edvard VII va uning turmush o'rtog'i qirolicha Aleksandra), [24] [25], shuningdek, Rojdestvo qo'shig'iga "Xolli Boughs bilan zallarni bezang" [26] [27] [28] [29] birinchi inglizcha so'zlar sifatida o'z talqinini yozgan. havaskor bastakor, uzoq vaqt kotib, keyin Pr esident, Madrigal Jamiyati va muallif, jumladan, of Madrigal jamiyatining qisqacha hisobi, uning institutidan 1741 yilgacha hozirgi davrgacha (1835) va La Musa Madrigaleska (1837). Uning kompozitsiyalarining boshqa namunalari jurnalda paydo bo'lgan Ingliz gimnasi.
  • ROSSIYA OLIPHANTI: Rossiyadagi Jon Olifant-bu filialning boshlig'i, Robert Olifantni Shotlandiya 1764-1795 yillar uchun postmaster boshlig'i, u Charlz Lining 1847 yilgi mashhur "Golfchilar" rasmida paydo bo'lgan va yaqinda Kanadaning asoschilaridan biri bo'lgan Betti Olifant. Milliy balet maktabi
  • GASK OLIFANI: Ardbler va Gaskdan Lorens Kington Bleyr Oliphant-Gask filialining boshlig'i va Filipp Oliphant Kingtonning nabirasi. Bu filialda Shotlandiyaning eng buyuk shoiri Karolina Olifant xonim Nairn tug'ildi. Kington-Bleyr-Oliphant yoki Blair-Oliphant ismli ayol avloddan keyingi avlodlar orasida havo vitse-marshali, Richard Bleyr-Oliphant va kino va televideniyedagi boshqa bastakorlar bor. Lorens o'rni Ardbler Qal'asida joylashgan bo'lib, u Klan Bleyerning o'rni, Gask Olifantlari Struanlik Robertsonga uylanish orqali meros bo'lib qolgan. Ardbler nafaqat Gask Oliphant artefaktlari va portretlarining ko'pchiligini, balki lordlar olifantlarining nizomlari va ma'lum mulklarini ham o'z ichiga oladi, shuning uchun klan Olifant uchun juda muhim ahamiyatga ega. Leyrens familiyasi, shu jumladan Blerning familiyasi bilan, ARDBLAIR BLAIR sifatida shu klanning boshlig'i va shu bilan yaqin atrofdagi Blergowri o'yinlarining boshlig'i.
  • KELLI OLIFANI: Kelli qal'asiga 250 yil egalik qilgan bu filial hozirda boshlig'i yo'q, lekin muallif Margaret Olifantni ishlab chiqargan.

Boshqa filiallar Tartibga solish

Klan Oliphantning boshqa filiallari mavjud, ammo bugungi kunga qadar ular hali ham o'z qo'llari uchun haqli da'vogarlarni va bir yoki ikkita burgut patini kiyish huquqini kutmoqdalar. Bulardan AQSh generali, Manxetten loyihasida qatnashgan taniqli avstraliyalik olim Mark Mark Oliphant, uning jiyani nufuzli multfilmchi Pat Oliphant va Globus jurnalist, Tomas Olifant.


Olifantning uslubi

Olifantning Avstraliyadagi ilk multfilmlari ko'pincha oqsoqollarining uslubiga taqlid qiladi, lekin uning etuk uslubi osongina aniqlanadi va ajralib turadi. Uning karikatura qilingan sub'ektlarini darhol tanib olish mumkin va ularni "o'ta buzilish" orqali "grotesk" qilishgan. [15] U mohir chizmachilik, [25] va multfilm tahririyat makonining gorizontal formatidan misli ko'rilmagan foydalangani uchun tan olingan. [15] 1999 yilda Rik Marschall ta'kidlaganidek, "Oliphant bu sohada mutlaqo o'ziga xos va inqilobiy uslubni taklif qildi. Olifantning tashqi qiyofasi, uzun yuzli belgilar, piktogramma va teglardan kam foydalanish," kamera burchaklari "va" 821212 "hali ham hukmronlik qilmoqda. hech bo'lmaganda Olifantning yorqin yorqinligiga intilgan karikaturachilarning ongida. [26] Kurator Garri Katz uni "tarixning eng yaxshi komiks rassomlaridan biri" deb atagan. [27]

Olifant Amerika prezidentlarini karikatura qilish bilan shug'ullangan va uning ko'rgazmalari prezident ma'muriyati tomonidan namoyish etilgan. U har xil prezidentlar uchun troplarni ishlab chiqdi: uning qorong'u, o'ychan Niksoni ba'zida yalang'och va uyaladi, Odam Ato va Momo Havo singari o'z shaxsiy hayotini yopadi va ba'zida "G'alaba" belgisini qo'yadi. Olifant muntazam ravishda peshonasiga bandaj qo'yib, baxtsiz hodisalarga duch kelgan Jerald Fordni tasvirlab bergan. [28] Ronald Reyganga bo'lgan mehr -muhabbati, prezidentni himoya qilmadi, u ko'pincha o'z filmlarining bir parodiyasida esdan chiqarmaydigan obraz sifatida tasvirlanadi, Jorj X. Bush esa ba'zida qo'l sumkasini ushlab, boshqa payt matoga o'ralgan holda ko'rinadi. Arabiston Bushi ". Klinton ma'muriyati davrida, u voqealarni sharhlash uchun muntazam ravishda paypoqlardan mushuk va do'sti itni "yunon xori" sifatida ishlatgan. [29] U mashhur Barak Obamani saylovchilar ibodat qiladigan Pasxa oroli boshi sifatida tasvirlagan. Olifant, yangi prezidentni to'g'ri qidirish uchun vaqt kerakligini, "Men ma'muriyat o'zgarishini yomon ko'raman. Yangi odamni" olish "uchun olti oy kerak", deb ta'kidladi. [30]

Faoliyatining boshida Olifant o'zining siyosiy multfilmlarining deyarli barchasiga kichik pingvinni qo'sha boshladi. U Punk deb atagan bu belgi, karikaturachi R. C. Xarvi "dingbats" deb atagan ikkinchi darajali shaxslarning an'analariga qo'shildi. Ular Fred O. Seibel kabi oldingi karikaturachilarning asarlarida uchraydi Richmond Tayms jo'natmasi, uning karikaturalarida kichkina, istehzoli qarg'a tasvirlangan [31] va undan oldin V.K. (Uilyam Kevil) Patrik Nyu-Orlean Tayms-demokrat undan keyin Tayms-Pikayun, imzo o'rdak xarakteriga ega bo'lgan. [32] Punk Janubiy Avstraliyaning janubiy qirg'og'iga tashrif buyurgan hamkasbi qog'oz sumkada pingvin olib kelganidan keyin yaratilgan. [13] Pingvin hayvonot bog'iga topshirildi va Olifant uni multfilmga qo'shishga qaror qildi. [13] Punk oson tanib oluvchi Adeli pingvinidan boshlangan [33], lekin u tezda stilize bo'lib, Olifantning butun faoliyati davomida shunday bo'lib qoldi. Punk panel mavzusiga sharhlarning ikkinchi qatlamini qo'shadi. [3] U tez -tez boshqa kichkina figura bilan suhbatda bo'ladi. Punk kattalar ham, bolalar ham mashhur edi, ular har bir multfilmda uni topish o'yinini qila olardi. [5] 1980 yilda Olifant yakshanba kuni kulgili sahifalar uchun pingvin tasvirlangan to'liq rangli komiksni chizdi. Sunday Punk, lekin ishni juda mashaqqatli deb topdi va tez orada tasmadan voz kechdi.

Olifant dastlab Punkni konservativ tahririyat muhitida buzg'unchilik maydoni sifatida yaratgan Adelaida reklama beruvchi. [31] Punk karikaturachining shaxsiy fikri uchun joy edi, umumiy multfilm esa gazeta muharrirlarining fikrlarini o'ylab topishi kerak edi. [31] Punkning nuqtai nazari multfilmdan multfilmga o'zgaradi: ba'zida hayajonli, ba'zida istehzoli va ba'zida xafagarchilik, u har doim ham Olifantning fikri kabi taxmin qilinadigan fikrni bildirmaydi.

Sud muhokamasi

Olifantning multfilmlari juda kamdan -kam hollarda o'z mavzulariga yoqadi: Olifant ko'pincha uning vazifasi tanqid qilish ekanligini va u o'z mavzularini yaxshi ko'rishidan qo'rqqanligi uchun tanishishdan qochganini ta'kidlagan. U 1976 yilda Rolling Stone -da qasddan javob qaytargan: "Bu haqiqatan ham biznes emas. Bu sabab. Men shu sababli chetlatilganman. Yozuvchi" Bu odam ahmoq "deb ayta olmaydi, chunki Qonun uni ushlab turibdi. Aytishimiz mumkin ". [34] Olifant ko'pincha o'z multfilmlaridan har qanday siyosiy nuqtai nazardan tanqid qilish niyati borligini aytib kelgan va haqiqatan ham etnik va diniy guruhlar tomonidan aniq chizilgan rasmlar uchun qattiq tanqidga uchragan. 2001 yilda Osiyo -Amerika Jurnalistlari Assotsiatsiyasi Olifantni "akerbik tasvirdan irqiy karikaturaga qadar bo'lgan chegarani kesib o'tishda" aybladi. [35] 2005 yilda Amerika-Arab kamsitishga qarshi qo'mitasi Olifantning ba'zi karikaturalari irqchi va chalg'ituvchi bo'lganidan xavotir bildirdi. [36] In 2007, two Oliphant cartoons produced a similar response. A cartoon [37] about Israel's December 2008 offensive against Hamas in Gaza sparked criticism among some American Jews: the cartoon courted this criticism actively by showed a jackbooted, headless figure representing Israel in a goosestepping posture, looming over a small female figure holding a baby labeled "Gaza." [38] The Los Angeles-based Simon Wiesenthal Center said the cartoon denigrated and demonized Israel and mimicked Nazi propaganda. It called on the New York Times and other media groups to remove the cartoon from their websites. [39] A 2005 cartoon showing Condoleezza Rice as a parrot perched on George W. Bush's shoulder was criticized by some readers for presenting her with buck teeth and exaggerated lips. [40]

Oliphant's cartoons featuring Catholic scandals have been controversial: the Catholic League has called him "one of the most viciously anti-Catholic editorial cartoonists ever to have disgraced the pages of American newspapers." [41] On Christmas Eve, 1993, Catholic readers were angered by a cartoon associating Michael Jackson and priests with child molestation. [42] One of his most famous cartoons, "Celebration of Spring at St. Pedophilia's – the Annual Running of the Altar Boys," led to debates in print, radio, and television across the country when it was published on 28 March 2001—the day before Good Friday. [43] The New York Times and Washington Post, as well as other papers, chose not to include the cartoon online, [43] while an unknown number did not run it at all. [44]

In 1987, Oliphant protested the selection of Berkeley Breathed for the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning. Oliphant's concern was that Breathed's work "has, so far as I know, not appeared on one editorial page in the country." [45] Addressing the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists convention to hearty applause, Oliphant represented the views of many of his colleagues: that the seriousness of editorial cartooning as a journalistic pursuit was at risk, and that the Pulitzer was encouraging the valuing of humor over political statement. [46]


Timeline

The Andrews McMeel Universal (AMU) story begins with the dynamic partnership of Jim Andrews and John McMeel — two charismatic innovators who challenged convention to give voice to the groundbreaking comic storytellers and cultural commentators of the day.

In 1970, Jim and John joined forces to act on their long-held dream of establishing their own media enterprise. With the support and encouragement of their wives, Kathy and Susan, they launched Universal Press Syndicate (UPS).

From a modest beginning (the Andrewses, in a rented house in Leawood, Kansas, where Kathy, as the financial officer, pored over spreadsheets on the couple’s dining room table while Jim, the editorial department, toiled upstairs in a bedroom office and the McMeels, running sales and marketing from a one-room sublet on Fifth Avenue in New York City), Andrews McMeel Universal has grown to be a global, independent and integrated media company.

Distinguished by a creator-first approach and an uncanny ability to tap into the zeitgeist of popular culture, AMU’s remarkable roster of talent — in newspaper syndication book, calendar and greeting card publishing digital consumer experiences and entertainment licensing — includes dozens of New York Times best-selling authors and winners of Pulitzer Prizes, Reubens and Emmy Awards.

Jim and John’s entrepreneurial vision, progressive business philosophy and steadfast commitment to the artistic goals of each creator continue to serve as the foundation of AMU’s culture.


History Guy details 1889 Topeka lynching of Nat Oliphant

Topeka Capital-Journal reporter Tim Hrenchir returns Thursday with another installment of Throwback Thursday with the History Guy. This time, Hrenchir narrates a short video about how a large crowd lynched confessed killer Nat Oliphant in June 1889 in downtown Topeka.

Want past History Guy videos? View these links:

Oct 5: Albino Woman at Rochester Cemetery

Oct. 12: Topeka Cemetery puts up signs to memorialize WWI vets

Oct. 19: History of presidential elections in Shawnee County

Oct. 26: History of clowns in Topeka and Shawnee County

Nov. 2: Clinton and Trump&rsquos ties to Topeka

Nov. 9: Topekan who fought in both World Wars

Nov. 23: Great-grandmother of President Barack Obama died 90 years ago this week in Topeka

Nov. 30: Hypothermia killed wealthy Topeka in her home in 1988

Dec. 7: &lsquoHistory Guy&rsquo video features story of Topeka Boulevard bridges

Dec. 14: Astronaut from Topeka&rsquos role in the last manned moon mission

Dec. 21: Residents in Potwin area decorate their homes annually

Dec. 29: Topeka &lsquoHistory Guy&rsquo video focuses on man who killed Lincoln&rsquos assassin

Jan. 5: Topeka History Guy: A look back at Boyles Joyland Flea Market

Jan. 12: &lsquoHistory Guy&rsquo focuses on Dr. Phil&rsquos time in Topeka

Jan. 19: Movie star Gene Tierney turned up working in Topeka clothing store in 1959

Jan. 26: &lsquoHistory Guy&rsquo video focuses on former governor&rsquos mansion

Feb. 2: Topeka History Guy: A look at the Topeka origins of a major Young Adult literature prize

Feb. 9: History Guy: Topeka was site of Smith Motor Car Company factory early 1900s

Feb. 16: Topeka History Guy video focuses on week minister Charles Sheldon published the Daily Capital

Feb. 23: History Guy: Topekan Frank Petersen was first black pilot in the Marine Corps

March 2: History guy: FBI&rsquos &lsquoPublic Enemy No. 1&rsquo in 1930s was Topekan


Oliphant Clan

Oliphant Clan Motto: A Tout Pouvoir (Provide for all).

History of Clan Oliphant:
The Oliphants came from Normandy with William the Conqueror in 1066 and settled in Northamptonshire in England. Tradition has it that, in 1141, David de Olifard saved David I of Scotland's life at the Siege of Winchester Castle during the English Civil War fought between King David's niece, the Empress Matilda, widow of Henry V, the Holy Roman Emperor, and her cousin Stephen of Blois. As a reward, Olfard's son, also David, was given lands in Roxburghshire. In the reign of Malcolm IV, he appears as Justiciar of the Lothians.

Although the Oliphants gave homage to Edward I of England in 1296, they rallied to the Scottish cause, and Sir William Oliphant held Stirling Castle against the siege of Edward in 1304. Following his victory at the Battle of Bannockburn, Robert the Bruce granted the Oliphants the lands of Gask and Aberdalgie.

In the next generation, Sir John Oliphant was knighted by Robert II, and in 1458 Sir Laurence of Aberdalgy was made a Lord of Parliament. In 1491, he was Scotland's Ambassador to France.

The Oliphants fought and died at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, and Sir Laurence's grandson was taken prisoner at the Battle of Solway Moss in 1542. The 4th Lord Oliphant was present at the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots and Lord Darnley, and fought on her behalf at the Battle of Langside in 1568. Inexplicably, his son was implicated in the Gowrie Conspiracy against James VI and was exiled, the title passing to his second son whose profligate tastes bankrupted the estates. When he died without an heir, the title was re-created by Charles I for Patrick Oliphant of Gask, a cousin.

The Oliphants thereafter became active Jacobites, fighting for the cause at the Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689, firm in their opposition to the Treaty of Union in 1707, and taking part in the 1715 Uprising. The 10th Lord Oliphant was forced into exile after the Battle of Culloden in 1746, but permitted to return to Scotland in 1763. On his death, the peerage became extinct.

Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne (1766-1845) was daughter of the Laird of Gask and married William Nairne in 1806. Throughout her life she penned a series of ballads, the most notable being The Laird o' Cockpen, Caller Herrinva Charlie is my Darling.

Laurence Oliphant (1929-88) was born in Africa and wrote A Journey to Kathmandu. He became Secretary to the Earl of Elgin, joined a religious community in America, and later settled in Palestine.

Surname distribution in Scotland: The highest concentrations of the Oliphant name occur in Fife, Highland, Perth and Kinross, Dundee City and Angus.

Places of interest:
Kellie Castle, Pittenweem, Fife. Mainly 16th century, this belonged to the Oliphants for 250 years until 1613 when it was acquired by the Erskines.

Hatton Castle, Newtyle, Perthshire. Built in 1575 for Laurence, 14th Lord Oliphant.

Gask House, Perthshire. Former seat of the Oliphants of Gask.

Ardblair Castle, Blairgowrie, Perthshire. Lands granted by David II to Thomas Blair. Passed through marriage to Oliphants of Gask in 1792.


Pecan Street Looking East from Oliphant's Photo Gallery

Photograph of East Pecan Street (now 6th street) with William Oliphant (who had a jewelry store on Pecan Street in 1852) on a horse. The child next to the horse is Will Carter. A building in the background is visible and has "Missouri House" painted on the side. It was the residence of Michael Ziller. A sign also hangs from the second floor balcony of the house reading "Austin Motel." Also visible in the background is England & Hannig Cabinet Makers.

Physical Description

1 photograph : b&w 8x10 in.

Creation Information

Context

Bu photograph is part of the collection entitled: Austin History Center General Collection Photographs and was provided by the Austin History Center, Austin Public Library to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 262 times. More information about this photograph can be viewed below.

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Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this photograph as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this photograph useful in their work.

Provided By

Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

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Oliphant Cartoon Crosses Line

His cartoons often use classic animal images: Democrat as donkey Republican as elephant. Recently, however, he evoked an image more commonly associated with Nazi propaganda or anti-Semitic rants of extremist Islamist clerics, portraying Jews as dogs.

An August 30 Oliphant cartoon depicted Uncle Sam holding a newspaper with the headline, “Mole in the Pentagon.” The character is looking toward his feet, where a dog has lifted its leg to urinate on Uncle Sam’s striped trousers. The dog, whose “thought bubble” says “I do this only in friendship,” is marked by a large Star of David. The disgusted Uncle Sam is saying “What? Again. ”

In the bottom right hand corner Oliphant’s small trademark character (Punk the Penguin) observes: “That’s becoming a habit – stop.” Another figure adds, “The dog needs training.”

Oliphant cartoon, August 30, 2004

This denigrating analogy is found as far back as Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice, where the character Salanio refers to the Jewish antagonist, Shylock, as a “Jew dog” (act 2, scene 8). This same phrase is also used in the Nazi children’s book Trust No Fox and No Jew, published by the editor of Der Sturmer.

Cartoons are, of course, subject to interpretation. And even if, hypothetically, there was an objective interpretation, cartoons are distinct from news and thus are not bound by the same standards which apply to news reports.

Still, there are a number of disturbing issues worth noting about this cartoon. For one, the sketch and the newspapers which ran it seem to be hasty in predicting the findings of an official investigation of the “Mole in the Pentagon” affair. In actuality, the investigation is ongoing and other such cases in recent years have evaporated, lacking any basis in fact. Furthermore, the alleged “mole,” Larry Franklin, is not Jewish. But the presumption of innocence until proven guilty apparently doesn’t concern Oliphant. He’s declared Israel – and the Jews – guilty.

It is unclear why Jews abusing America is called “a habit.” Merriam-Webster defines “habit” as “a settled tendency or usual manner of behavior.” None of the current allegations fall into this definition. (One habit this case does bring to mind is that where alleged “spies” are judged even before being charged – See “Spy Stories“).

The most disturbing aspect of this cartoon, though, is its similarity to anti-Semitic cartoons originating in both the Arab and Nazi press, which commonly dehumanize Jews by depicting them as animals and as abusers of countries and civilization:


Videoni tomosha qiling: Richard Sherman Signs With Buccaneers, Praises Tom Brady. Pat McAfee Reacts (Dekabr 2021).

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